Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the urgent need of a ceasefire

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 24 November, 2023, published on 7 December, 2023

Photo by Pavel Lisitsyn/RIA Novosti

The Yabloko party again and again persistently calls for a ceasefire in Ukraine and peace negotiations.

We are confident that nothing is more important than preserving human lives and their future. Human life is the highest value, it is more important than territories, political or national ambitions. The continuation of large-scale hostilities leads to new huge human victims, irretrievable and irreversible human loss – unlike territories.

The conflict has entered a position warfare stage, when the situation on the line of contact has remained almost unchanged for many months, with only an increase in the number of casualties and the scale of destruction. It is increasingly clear that the winner in this conflict will not be revealed on the battlefield; decisive military victory in such a clash is impossible for either side.

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Interethnic and interreligious enmity is the way to the collapse of Russia

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 24 November, 2023, published on 6 December, 2023

Photo: Anti-Semitic riots at Makhachkala airport on 29 October, 2023 / Photo from social networks

 The value of human life has been decreasing against the backdrop of the special military operation in Russia that has been going on for 18 months, and discontent, fear, suspicion and hatred in different social groups have been growing.

Symptoms of a progressing serious disease of the state and society were clearly manifested in recent anti-Semitic actions in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia, in the attack on the Makhachkala airport by a crowd motivated by national hatred and anti-Semitic slogans.

What happened is not a regional problem. This is a threat of an all-Russian, national level.

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Programmes of candidates running for the post of the Chairperson of the Yabloko party have been published

Press Release, 6.12.2023

Four candidates Alexander Yefimov, Maxim Kruglov, Nikolai Rybakov and Anna Cherepanova will run for the post of the Yabloko Chairperson. The candidates’ programmes are published on the Yabloko web-site:

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On the work of the Yabloko Congress on 9-10 December

Press Release, 6.12.2023

This weekend, on 9-10 December, the congress of the Yabloko party will be held in Moscow. The congress will elect new party leadership for the next four years – Chairperson, deputy chairpersons, members of the Federal Political Committee, the Federal Bureau, the Control and Audit Commission and the Party Arbitration.

Four candidates will compete for the post of the party Chairperson. The post of party Chairman has been held by Nikolai Rybakov since 2019. In 2015-2019, the party was led by Emilia Slabunova, and by Sergei Mitrokhin in 2008-2015. From 2001, when Yabloko was transformed from an association into a political party, and until 2008, the Chairman of the party was Grigory Yavlinsky. According to the party By-Laws, the same person cannot lead the party for more than two terms.

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On the threat of the recurrence of mass-scale political terror

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee of 24 November, 2023, published on 5 December, 2023

Photo: Yabloko Congress, 2019 / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

After 24 February, 2022, repressions in Russia against those who disagree with the government’s policies sharply intensified.

According to the project “Support for Political Prisoners. Memorial”, there were 426 political prisoners in Russia (343 in connection with the exercise of the right to freedom of religion, and 83 people unrelated to it) at the beginning of 2022, and 615 people (416 and 188 persons, respectively) as of November 22, 2023. According to OVD-Info and Mediazona, since February 24, 2022, at least 19,840 citizens have been detained for expressing an anti-war position; at least 8,122 people have been brought to administrative responsibility under Article 20.3.3 of the Administrative Code (“Discrediting the use of the RF Armed Forces”), and at least 774 people were subjected to criminal prosecution in connection with their anti-war position.

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On the place and prospects of the Yabloko party

Decision by the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko of 24 November, 2023, published on 1 December 2023

Russia is going through the stage of collapse of post-Soviet modernisation. The cause of the current crisis was the failure of misguided political and economic reforms. The main feature of the current historical moment is the boundless tragedy of the bloody and destructive in all respects armed conflict with Ukraine.

Today, Yabloko is the only political force in Russia standing for an immediate ceasefire and stop killing of people.

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“More human lives will be broken.” Nikolai Rybakov on the Supreme Court’s decision on LGBT

Statement by the Yabloko Chairman, 1.12.2023

Illustration: “Two Women Running on the Beach” by Pablo Picasso, 1922

 The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, at the request of the Ministry of Justice, recognised the LGBT movement as extremist and banned its activities in the country. The decision took effect immediately.

The ideology and practices of persecuting people for love and feelings are within the general framework of repression against the dissent, the right to freedom of association and self-expression.

In Russia there is a medieval law prohibiting gender reassignment, which can now be carried out even in Iran and could be done in the USSR. For some, the lack of an opportunity to declare their orientation can cause severe psychological trauma and lead to a suicide.

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Police and Public Prosecutor’s Office informed Boris Vishnevsky that they found no violations in the calls of MP Gurulyov  proposing extermination of 20% of Russia’s population who disagree with Vladimir Putin’s policies

Press Release, 4.12.2023

Photo: MP Gurulyov, a screenshot of the programme “Sunday Evening with Vladimir Solovyov”

The law enforcement agencies “did not identify any violations of the legislation on countering extremist activities” in a statement by State Duma deputy, Lieutenant General Andrei Gurulyov. Earlier, on the Rossiya TV channel, he said 20% of Russia’s population who disagree with Vladimir Putin’s policies were “rot”, which “should be, if not isolated, then at least somehow destroyed”.

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Yabloko in Karelia proposed that 2024 budget of Karelia must increase funding for healthcare, housing and utilities, resettlement from shabby housing and provision of water to residents

Press Release, 4.12.2023

Photo: The Legislative Assembly of Karelia / Photo by the Press Service of the parliament of Karelia

The Yabloko faction of the Legislative Assembly of Karelia has made 20 amendments to the draft budget of Karelia for 2024. This was reported by Emilia Slabunova, head of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia.

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The Ministry of Justice upends common sense

Maxim Kruglov’s Telegram blog post, 1.12.2023

Vladimir Kara-Murza had a trial today: the Ministry of Justice believes that he, Vladimir Kara-Murza, should provide them with a special report on his activities as a “foreign agent” once a quarter.

Straight from the punitive isolation ward: [he must] download a special form from the website, fill it out on the computer and send it to them via the Internet [all this from the punitive isolation ward which deprives prisoners even of personal belongings, to say nothing of Internet or computers]. If not, then it turns into an administrative case. Further three such administrative cases turn into a criminal case.

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Yabloko’s Arthur Gaiduk on the ban on abortion: It has never increased the birth rate

Press Release, 1.12.2023

Photo: Arthur Gaiduk / Photo by the Press Service of the Pskov branch of Yabloko

Artur Gaiduk, a doctor and deputy of the Pskov Regional Assembly from Yabloko, commented on numerous proposals by Russian officials and clergy to limit women’s right to abortion, and also drew the attention of deputies to an almost two-fold decrease in the number of pediatricians in the Pskov region over the past twenty years:

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A court hearing on extending the preventive measure for Yabloko member Vasily Neustroyev to be held on 4 December

Press Release, 30.11.2023

Photo: Vasily Neustroyev / Photo from social media

On Monday, 4 December, the Basmanny District Court of Moscow will hold a hearing on extending the preventive measure against Vasily Neustroyev, a Yabloko member. Neustroyev should take part in the hearing personally, so should be brought to court from the detention centre – and there will be an opportunity to see him in person.

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Yabloko Anti-Corruption Policy Centre announces enrollment of students for an advanced course on anti-corruption policy

Press Release, 29.11.2023

Photo: Heads of the Anti-Corruption Policy Centre Alexei Karnaukhov and Alexei Chumakov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The Anti-Corruption Policy Centre of the Yabloko party launches the “Theory and Practice of Anti-Corruption” training course, which will take place from February to June 2024. The course developers are experts from the Yabloko Centre who have experience in anti-corruption investigations and have background in the field of law, public administration and criminal justice. Yabloko party members and supporters, as well as social activists, are invited to participate.

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To abolish persecution of citizens with alternative sexual orientations and gender identities

Statement by the Yabloko Party Gender Faction, 29.11.2023

On 17 November, the Ministry of Justice filed a lawsuit with the Supreme Court demanding that an “International LGBT Social Movement” be recognised as an extremist organization and banned.

The Gender Faction of the Yabloko party believes that this lawsuit by the Ministry of Justice is a new round of inciting hatred, at the state level, towards a certain social group. Officials of the Ministry of Justice know very well that the organisation “International LGBT Social Movement” does not exist. They use this formulation to create a legal fiction with the help of which security forces can persecute any person of non-heterosexual orientation, encouraging another wave of denunciations, interfering in people’s personal lives and controlling their bodies. Persecution and even extermination of people with alternative (non-traditional) sexual orientations was practiced in National Socialist Germany, and is now widespread in the toughest dictatorships – Afghanistan, Nigeria, Somalia, Iran, Yemen, Brunei, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and other countries practicing Sharia.

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Yabloko in Novgorod: basic military training classes in junior grades of city schools must be abolished

Press Release, 28.11.2023

Photo: Chairman of the local “Combat Brotherhood” Alexei Ivanov at a lesson in a junior class, in Gymnasium No. 4 / Photo by the Young Army Movement on VKontakte 

Anna Cherepanova, a deputy of the City Duma of Veliky Novgorod from Yabloko and Chair of the regional branch of the party, appealed to the Public Prosecutor’s Office in Novgorod with a request to conduct an inspection of military education lessons in schools, as well as to the Mayor Alexander Rozbaum with a demand to stop training classes with arms for schoolchildren of primary school. Schools in Veliky Novgorod regularly hold fire training classes (shooting a Makarov pistol, assembling and disassembling a Kalashnikov assault rifle). They are conducted by the Youth Army Movement employee and Chairman of the local Combat Brotherhood Alexei Ivanov. The last such lesson took place at Gymnasium No. 4 on 23 November: pupils of class 4 “B” shoot a Makarov pistol.

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The administration of the VKontakte social media blocked the page of the Yabloko Federal Bureau member Alexander Yefimov by the decision of the Public Prosecutor General’s Office

Press Release, 29.11.2023

Photo: Alexander Yefimov’s page on VKontakte, if accessed without a VPN running “User blocked. This material; has been blocked on the territory of the Russian Federation by the decision of the Public Prosecutor General’s Office No 27-31-2023/Treb198-23 of 28.04.2023.

Alexander Yefimov’s page on the VKontakte social media was blocked without warning from the administration of the social network on 28 November; the decision of the Public Prosecutor General’s Office to block it was made on 28 April. Alexander Yefimov is unaware which of his posts could cause the blocking.

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Grigory Yavlinsky on 2024 Russian presidential election

Press Release, 28.11.2023

Everyone knows that Russian elections are, to put it mildly, special. Especially in 2024. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Kremlin announced the result already in August of 2023: Dmitry Peskov, Press Secretary of the President, said that Vladimir Putin would win the presidential elections in 2024 with a result of more than 90%. Certainly, they will announce about 75-78% in the end, everything is clear with the Central Electoral Commission.

However, there are more than 100 million voters in Russia. It is they – voters, citizens of the country, people – who should must formulate what they want.

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The Public Prosecutor’s Office of Udmurtia, together with the Yabloko branch in Udmurtia, is challenging the permission given by the Izhevsk Mayor’s Office to developers for construction works near the Orlovka River as violating sanitary and safety norms

Press Release, 27.11.2023

Photo: A tent camp of civil activists opposing the construction of a road across the river / Photo by the regional branch of Yabloko

The Public Prosecutor’s Office of Udmurtia joined in challenging the decision of the Izhevsk Mayor’s Office on the construction of a bridge across the Orlovka River. The supervisory authority, like the leader of the Yabloko branch in Udmurtia, Iya Boronina, considers the Mayor’s resolution permitting the construction to be illegal. The Oktyabrsky District Court of the Izhevsk combined the two cases into one proceeding.

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Yabloko to host the “Live Forever” theatre piece based on an excerpt from Vasily Grossman’s novel “Life and Fate”

Press Release, 27.11.2023

On 4 December, the Yabloko party Moscow office will host the “Live Forever” theatre piece based on an excerpt from Vasily Grossman’s novel “Life and Fate”. The key idea of the play is as follows: one must remain human always and in any conditions and trials. The play is staged by the Moscow independent theatre Baggage.

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Four candidates will compete for the post Yabloko Chairperson at the party congress

Press Release, 25.11.2023

On Friday, November 24, the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party summed up the results of the all-party nomination of candidates for post of Yabloko Chairperson.

The Counting Commission summarised the questionnaires received from party members and regional branches of the party and submitted nine candidates for consideration by the Federal Political Committee.

Thus, based on the results of the rating voting by the Federal Political Committee members, delegates to the party congress will have to choose the party Chairperson from the following four candidates:

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