Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Lev Shlosberg and Artur Gaiduk demand from the head of the Investigative Committee to initiate a criminal case into the attempted murder of Vladimir Kara-Murza Jr.

Press Release, 5.03.2021

Photo: Deputies of the Pskov Regional Assembly from Yabloko Artur Gaiduk and Lev Shlosberg / Photo: Artyom Avanesov

More than three weeks have passed since the publication of the investigation by Bellingcat and The Insider about the circumstances of the two attempts on murder on politician and journalist Vladimir Kara-Murza Jr., but the Investigative Committee of Russia keeps silent. Earlier, the Investigative Committee did not respond to direct appeals from Vladimir Kara-Murza and his lawyer Vadim Prokhorov. Yabloko deputies demand to start legal proceedings.

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Alexei Karnaukhov: The State Duma hides inquiries under the carpet

How the pro-government United Russia party stole Yabloko’s initiative and passed it off as its own

Press Release, 4.03.2021

Photo: J-Aleks/depositphotos, Moscow, Russia: Entrance to the building of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, street Okhotny Ryad, 1

Since June, the State Duma was supposed to publish parliamentary inquiries on the website. It is a surprisingly good initiative: this way you can track whose interests the deputies are promoting and disclose the use of inquiries for personal gain. However, there is nothing surprising here, the Yabloko’s Anti-Corruption Policy Centre offered the same thing in November 2017. At first, United Russia refused us, and then simplified our idea and passed it off as its own.

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The reform in the Yabloko party: as it is, rather than as interpreted by Nezavisimaya Gazeta

Press Release, 4.03.2021

On 3 March, Nezavisimaya Gazeta published an article on the reform of the Yabloko party. The text by Darya Garmonenko, like many other texts by this author, is replete with errors and distortions. We publish the full text of the commentary of the Deputy Chairman of the party Ivan Bolshakov:

– The goal of the reform is to transform Yabloko into an efficient professional, but at the same time ideological party with clear political principles, massive membership and involvement of a significant number of supporters in its activities. The reform will launch mechanisms to renew the party and increase the influence of rank-and-file members on the decision-making process.

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On the preparation of the party for the elections in 2021

Federal Political Committee Decision No. 137, 3.03.2021

Having heard and discussed the reports of the Chairman of the Party Nikolai Rybakov and Deputy Chairman of the Party Ivan Bolshakov on the preparation for the elections of deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, representative bodies of the state power and local self-government bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, having considered the draft decision on the preparation of the Party for the election campaign, prepared by members of the Federal Political Committee Boris Vishnevsky, Valery Borshchev, Svetlana Gannushkina, Emilia Slabunova, Viktor Sheinis and Lev Shlosberg, and taking into account the discussion

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The President who changed the world. Yabloko leaders about Mikhail Gorbachev on the occasion of his 90th birthday

Congratulations, 2.03.2021

Mikhail Gorbachev. Photo by Alexander Polyakov / RIA Novosti

On 2 March, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, the first President of the USSR, turns 90. Yabloko leaders congratulate Mikhail Gorbachev on his anniversary and speak about the role of his personality in history.

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A man with a lively mind and sensitive heart. Sergei Kovalev, Russian legendary human rights defender and member of Yabloko, turns 91!

Congratulations, 2.03.2021

On March 2, Sergei Adamovich Kovalev, a member of the Yabloko party, the legendary human rights defender and the first Ombudsman for Human Rights in Russia, turns 91. On behalf of the party, Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov congratulates Sergei Kovalev on his birthday:

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Yabloko at the March in Memory of Boris Nemtsov

Yabloko activists honoured the memory of the murdered politician throughout Russia

Press Release, 1.03.2021

Photo: Nizhni Novgorod, the region where Boris Nemtsov was Governor in 1991-1997

On February 27, Yabloko members went to rallies, single pickets and other events in many regions of Russia so that to commemorate murdered opposition politician Boris Nemtsov. In Moscow, Yabloko leaders Nikolai Rybakov and Grigory Yavlinsky laid flowers at the place of murder of Boris Nemtsov on the Bolshoi Moskvoretsky Bridge.

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Grigory Yavlinsky: What threatens Putin and what threatens Russia

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 26.02.2021

423 agents of “foreign secret services” were identified in Russia in 2020, as Vladimir Putin said. At the meeting of the Board of the Federal Security Service, Putin spoke about the key, in his view, modern threats to Russia: spies, terrorists, hackers and opponents of the Sputnik V [vaccine against COVID]. These threats are, certainly, along the “external perimeter”. The external enemy again wants to “undermine the values ​​that unite Russian society, ultimately weaken Russia and put it under external control”.

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Yabloko leader Nikolai Rybakov spoke at a permitted rally in memory of Boris Nemtsov in Barnaul

Press Release 1.03.2021

Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov took part in a permitted rally in memory of murdered opposition politician Boris Nemtsov in Barnau, the Altai Territory. Barnaul became the only city out of 22 Russian cities, where the authorities satisfied Yabloko’s application for a mass action.

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“The murder of Boris Nemtsov is a bleeding wound on the body of Russian society”

Yabloko leaders laid flowers to the place of murder of Boris Nemtsov on the Nemtsov Bridge

Press Release, 27.02.2021

Yabloko leaders Nikolai Rybakov and Grigory Yavlinsky laid flowers at the place of murder of Boris Nemtsov on the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge, which Muscovites have been calling the Nemtsov Bridge. The mourning action was also attended by the Deputy Chairman of the party Ivan Bolshakov, Moscow City Duma MP from Yabloko Yevgeny Bunimovich, member of the Federal Bureau of the party Kirill Goncharov, independent politician Vladimir Ryzhkov and Alexei Minyaylo, ex prisoner of the so-called the “Moscow case” when Muscovites were protesting against falsifications in the Moscow City Duma elections.

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Boris Vishnevsky proposed to create green zones on the vacated areas in the city centre of St. Petersburg

Press Release, 25.02.2021

Photo: creative commons

Boris Vishnevsky, head of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, asked Governor Alexander Beglov to give an opinion on the bill prepared by the parliamentarian. The bill envisages that in the event of dismantling of any buildings and structures (which are not historical buildings that are subject to mandatory restoration), in areas where the indicator the provision of the population with green zone does not exceed the minimum standard, only green zones for the use of general public can be located in this place for twenty years from the date of the demolition of the building.

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“The Soviet and the Russian woman: how have the roles changed?” Online conference of Yabloko’s Gender faction

Press Release, 26.02.2021

On Thursday, 4 March, Yabloko’s Gender faction will hold a Zoom conference “The Soviet and the Russian woman: how have the roles changed?” The conference will begin at 19:00.

The conference will be attended by Galina Mikhaleva, Chair of the faction, Olga Radayeva, First Deputy Chair of the faction, Tatiana Ovcharenko, Marina Karavayeva, Olga Shtannikova (St. Petersburg), Kristina Abramicheva (Ufa), Svetlana Ivanova (Perm), Irina Safronova (Rostov) and other activists of the faction.

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Yabloko was denied approval of the Boris Nemtsov Memorial March in 21 out of 22 regions

Press Release, 25.02.2021

Photo: Yabloko at the Moscow March in Memory of Boris Nemtsov in 2017 / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Regional authorities in 21 Russian regions refused to give permissions for Yabloko’s actions in memory of Boris Nemtsov. Opposition politician Boris Nemtsov, a fierce critic of Vladimir Putin, was shot six times in the back and in the head on the Bolshoi Moskvoretsky Bridge on the evening of 27 February, 2015.  Only the Altai branch of Yabloko managed to get a permission for a limited number of participants – up to 100 people. The commemorative action will take place in Barnaul on Freedom Square, on 28 February. The action will begin at 14:00.

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“Factions and other associations within the party and under the party”. An online discussion of the Yabloko’s Reform Commission

Press Release, 24.02.2021

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 25 February, an online discussion “Factions and other associations within the party and under the party” will be held within the framework of the work of the Yabloko’s Reform Commission which will summarise and discuss proposals for reforming the party. The discussion will begin at 19:00.

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Yabloko leaders held seminars on preparation for elections and a party reform

Primaries, selection of candidates, formation of a network of supporters are on the agenda

Press Release, 22.02.2020

Photo: Participants of the seminar in Kazan. / Photo by the Yabloko party Press Service

On February 20-21, Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov and Deputy Chair Ivan Bolshakov held seminars in Kazan with regional headquarters.

The concept of changes in Yabloko was presented to the regional branches, which implies introduction of the institution of primaries for the selection of candidates for elections of different levels, party-wide voting in elections for the party Chairperosn, limiting the term of office of the governing bodies of the party and its regional branches, forming a network of supporters and other changes.

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A crime against everyone

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 23.02.2021  

Today is the Day of the Defender of the Fatherland [in Russia]. A memorable day for all our multinational people, who defended our country shoulder to shoulder during the Second World War. I congratulate all those who today defend Russia from foes, diseases, poverty, arbitrariness and lawlessness. All those who love and care about our country.

But 23 February is also another memorable date. On 23 February, 1944, mass deportations of Chechens and Ingush began. 180 echelons, 100,000 servicemen were involved. In two weeks, over half a million people were deported to Central Asia and Siberia. During the deportations and in the first years after them, about 100,000 Chechens and 23,000 Ingush died, that is, every fourth representative of these peoples.

This terrible crime is not only against the Vainakh peoples [the Chechen and the Ingush]. This is a crime against every citizen of our country. And the future of modern multinational Russia depends on whether we can preserve the memory of these events, where not only the authorities are trying to play the “friend or foe” card, but also those seeking to get into power at any cost.

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Yabloko’s Federal Political Committee adopted the position of Grigory Yavlinsky and approved the direction of the party’s reform

Press Release, 20.02.2021

Photo: Grigory Yavlinsky / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 19 February 19, a regular meeting of the Federal Political Committee (FPC) of the Yabloko Party took place. The meeting was attended by all 17 members of the FPC. The Federal Political Committee considered two issues: the statement “On systemic threats to life, health and rights of citizens” and approved the principal directions of the party’s reform. The meeting lasted about six hours.

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Yabloko leader Nikolai Rybakov launched his YouTube channel and was the first out of all parties chairpersons to register with the Clubhouse

Press Release, 20.02.2021

Nikolai Rybakov, Chairman of the Yabloko party, launched his own YouTube channel and was the first Chairperson of all Russian political parties to register in the Clubhouse social network.

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The court did not uphold the claim of the Sverdlovsk region branch of Yabloko on holding the March in Memory of Boris Nemtsov.

Party members will take part in a memory watch and a round table

Press Release, 20.02.2021

Photo: Personal page of Maxim Petlin on Facebook

On 20 February, the Leninsky district court of the city of Yekaterinburg refused to approve the March in Memory of Boris Nemtsov and the memorial meeting.

On February 19, the Sverdlovsk branch of Yabloko filed an administrative lawsuit in the Leninsky district court against the Ministry of Public Security of the Sverdlovsk Region, asking to acknowledge the refusal of the city officials to permit the procession and rally in memory of Boris Nemtsov as unlawful. The march and a rally were previously announced on 27 February, the day of murder of Boris Nemtsov.

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The Kaliningrad branch of Yabloko prepares for the elections-2021

A meeting of the Regional Council of the Yabloko branch was held in Kaliningrad

Press Release, 19.02.2021

Photo: Meeting of the Regional Council of the Kaliningrad branch of Yabloko / Photo by the Press Service of the regional branch of the party

A meeting of the Regional Council of the Kalinigrad branch of the Yabloko party was held in Kaliningrad. The Regional Council discussed preparations for the 2021 election campaign.

The Regional Council made a decision to take part in elections of all levels and nominate as much as possible Yabloko candidates to the electoral districts. Igor Pleshkov, Chairman of the regional branch, outlined the main directions of the upcoming work: mobilisation of supporters of democratic choice and real changes in the region and in Russia as a whole.

In addition, the Regional Council launched the formation of the electoral headquarters and a team of volunteers and observers from the Yabloko party.

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