Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko’s elected deputies will stand for peace and freedom

Press Release, 14.09.2022

Photo: Yabloko campaign leaflets “For Peace!” and “For Peace and Freedom!”

Elections were held in a number of Russian regions on 11 September. 462 Yabloko candidates took part in election campaigns in 12 regions. 2,167,203 voters had the opportunity to vote for peace, against the policy pursued by the current Russian authorities, supporting the slogan of the Yabloko candidates “FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM!”

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The pro-government majority in the St.Petersburg parliament did not dare to support Yabloko’s parliamentary request on the sources of funding for battalions bearing toponymic names of the region

Press Release, 14.09.2022

Photo: Boris Vishnevsky / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Deputies of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg refused to forward a deputies’ inquiry to the Governor of St.Petersburg  on the amount and sources of budgetary expenditures for the formation of bearing toponymic names of the region. The inquiry was submitted by Boris Vishnevsky, MP of the Legislative Assembly and Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko party. Three MPs voted for the inquiry, nine voted against, no one abstained, and the rest did not vote.

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The court ordered the Russian communications watchdog to name Emilia Slabunova’s publications containing “false information of the special military operation in Ukraine” that led to blocking of her page on a popular social media

Press Release, 14.09.2022

Photo:  Emilia Slabunova / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 13 September, the Petrozavodsk City Court held a hearing to consider the complaint of Emilia Slabunova, head of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of Karelia and ex Chair of Yabloko, about the inaction of the Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Communications, Information Technologies and Mass Communications (Roskomnadzor) in connection with the blocking of her page in the popular social media Vkontakte.

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The Pskov branch of Yabloko will be represented in 12 municipalities of the Pskov region

Press Release, 12.09.2022

Photo: The conference of the Pskov branch of Yabloko / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The Pskov branch of Yabloko succeeded in 12 municipalities in the 11 September elections: in the city of Pskov and 11 municipal districts.

In the elections to the Pskov City Duma, Yabloko, according to official data, received 9.04% of the vote and came third. Yabloko as a party of peace was supported by 3,003 people, remote electronic voting inclusive.

According to the single electoral list of the party, Tatyana Pasman, a teacher and educator, who has represented Yabloko in the city parliament for the last eight months, gets the deputy mandate in the Pskov City Duma.

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Yabloko stood for peace in the elections conducted during a special military operation regime

Statement by the Yabloko party, 12.09.2022

Photo from left to right: Andrei Morev, Deputy Chairman of the Moscow branch of Yabloko, Nikolai Rybakov, Yabloko Chairman, and Maxim Kruglov, head of the Yabloko election headquarters in Moscow, at the briefing on 11 September. The slogan on the placards runs “Yabloko Stands for Peace!” / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The election campaign has ended in Russia. The Yabloko party and its candidates participated in it, realising that we were participating in the elections held in the regime of a special military operation launched on 24 February, 2022. Our candidates were not allowed to be nominated through application of new laws, and they were removed after the nomination (every fifth candidate in the elections in Moscow was removed). Nevertheless, 462 Yabloko candidates took part in these elections in 12 Russian regions.

We have provided an opportunity for 2,167,203 voters to vote for peace, against the policies pursued by the current authorities of our country, and support our main slogan “FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM!”.

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Nikolai Rybakov: The main task of Yabloko in these elections has been fulfilled – hundreds of thousands of Russians have got the opportunity to vote for peace

Press Release, 11.09.2022

At a briefing on the final election day, 11 September, Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov said that the main task of Yabloko in these elections was fulfilled: in 12 regions of Russia, hundreds of thousands of citizens had the opportunity to peacefully and safely declare their attitude to what was happening in the country, Ukraine and the world. All candidates campaigned under the slogan “For Peace and Freedom!”. In spite of the fact that the candidates have programmes for their districts and regions, candidates understand that no change is possible until there is peace.

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Ilya Myakinin, a candidate from Yabloko in the Meshchansky district in Moscow, was detained by the police on the complaint of the Chairman of the precinct electoral commission

Press Release, 11.09.2022

Photo: Ilya Myakinin / Photo from social media

In Moscow, the police detained Ilya Myakinin, a candidate for municipal deputies from Yabloko, at polling station No. 59 in the Meshchansky district. The chairwoman of the commission, Yelena Zaitseva, accused the Yabloko candidate that he had allegedly been demanding that voters show him their passports. Myakinin was taken to the district police station.

According to the team of candidates from Yabloko, the authorities were preparing same “carousel” (when same voters vote several times) in the Meshchansky district as in the Yakimanka distrcit: members of precinct commissions were ready to issue ballots to voters were not registered in the district (thus were not entitled to vote there) but had special marks in their passports. Candidate Ilya Myakinin stood at the table of the chairwoman of the commission and watched the issuance of ballots. He did not ask voters to show their passports to him.

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Yabloko candidates and observers under pressure in Moscow

Press Release, 11.09.2022

The Yabloko Press Service has got screenshots ( from a chat of pro-government observers, where employees of the Yakimanka district executive authority demand to “wag the nerves”, “resist to”, “make maximum difficulties” for Yabloko observers. The observers hired by the authorities must write personal messages about all the actions of the Yabloko activists to Tatyana Tregubova, an employee of the Yakimanka district executive authority (her phone number is determined through a mobile service). Another participant in the chat who gives recommendations on counteraction to observers from Yabloko is Svetlana Osiptsova, a former deputy of the Yakimanka district and a candidate from the ruling United Russia.

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Elections in the regions: fraud, smear campaigns, and pressure on observers

Press Release, 11.09.2022

Photo: Voting at the clothing market instead of voting at home in Novorzhev, Pskov region / Photo from social networks

In the regions where Yabloko participates in the elections, our observers record violations.

A provocation against Yabloko was carried out in the Pskov region. A local news agency reported that the party was allegedly engaged in buying votes in elections in Pskov. As a “confirmation” the news agency was presented a screenshot of the correspondence of two unidentified persons. The Pskov branch of Yabloko does not have a candidate with the surname that appears in the screenshot. Interestingly, it is similar to the name of a candidate for the Pskov City Duma nominated by the New People party. Lev Shlosberg, Chairman of the Pskov Yabloko, will send a statement to the police with a request that the media should provide the evidence of what was published and attach them to the materials of the check, which was previously launched on the basis of the statement of a Yabloko campaigner, whom a representative of the New People party attempted to bribe.

In Novorzhev, voters voted at the clothing market. It happened during “voting at home”. Another “voting at home” took place in the bookstore.

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Grigory Yavlinsky launched his book about the causes of what happened on 24 February

Press Release, 10.09.2022

On Saturday, 10 September, Grigory Yavlinsky launched his book “Underlying Causes. Why and How Did a Political System Appear, Which Has Resulted in the Events of 24 February, 2022?” the Moscow office of the Yabloko party.

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Remote electronic voting in Moscow and Pskov is record high

Commentaries by Maxim Kruglov, leader of the Yabloko faction in the Moscow City Duma, and Lev Shlosberg, Chair of the Pskov Yabloko

Press Release, 9.09.2022

Figure: Moscow municipal elections on 9-11 September, 2022.

Left – ballots issued to voters. Right – votes received.

In Moscow, 500,000 voters voted remotely electronically – approximately 7% of all voters – just in the first 2.5 hours of municipal elections voting.

“In just over two hours, almost half a million people voted in the Russian capital. By e-voting, of course. Indeed, there is nothing more important for a Muscovite at 8 a.m. than to voluntarily vote for his/her favorite candidate. I think that’s all you need to know about these elections,” Maxim Kruglov, leader of the Yabloko faction in the Moscow City Duma and head of the campaign headquarters in Moscow, commented.

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A State Duma MP wrote a denunciation to the public prosecutor on the campaign of a candidate from Yabloko to the municipal council of the city of Pushkin

Press Release, 9.09.2022

Photo: Alexander Makhankov’s leaflet running “Thou shalt not kill” / Photo from Alexander Makhankov’s personal page in the VK social media

State Duma deputy from the government’s United Russia party – Vitaly Milonov – wrote an appeal to the Public Prosecutor of St. Petersburg with a request to “pay attention” to the campaign materials of Alexander Makhankov, a candidate from Yabloko to the municipal council of the city of Pushkin, the Leningrad Region. According to Milonov, leaflets with the slogan “I stand for peace” could be aimed at “discrediting the President and the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation”.

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Yabloko Election Campaign Headquarters to hold briefings on the course of the elections and preliminary results of the voting

Press Release, 9.09.2022

Photo by Alexander Kazakov / Kommersant

On the final voting day, 11 September, the Yabloko Election Campaign Headquarters will hold briefings on the course of the elections and preliminary results of the voting at 17:00 and 23:00 (MSK).

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Grigory Yavlinsky to launch his new book on the fundamental causes of what happened on February 24

Press Release, 8.09.2022

Photo: the cover of the book

On Saturday, 10 September, the Moscow office of the Yabloko party (Pyatnitskaya 31/2) will host a launch of the book by Grigory Yavlinsky’s work “Underlying Causes. Why and How Did a Political System Appear, Which Has Resulted in the Events of 24 February, 2022?” now published as a separate book. The event will take place at 13:00.

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On the work of the Yabloko Election Campaign Headquarters on 9-11 September

Press Release, 9.09.2022

Photo by Alexander Kazakov / Kommersant

On the voting days of 9 – 11 September, the Yabloko party organises a “hot line” for receiving calls about violations for observers and candidates from the party. Those contacting the hotline will be able to report violations at the polling stations, get advice on further actions, including drafting and filing of complaints and submitting the complaints to the electoral commissions or filing statements with the police.

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Every fifth candidate from Yabloko was removed from the municipal elections in Moscow

Press Release, 9.09.2022

Photo: A team of Yabloko candidates in the Basmanny district in Moscow / Photo from social media

The municipal election campaign in Moscow, unprecedented as of the number of deregistered Yabloko candidates, has reached the finish line. One day remains before the voting in September 9-11, and some candidates still continue to defend in courts their right to be elected. In Moscow, documents for registration with the territorial electoral commissions were submitted by 179 candidates. To date, 141 Yabloko candidates remain in the status of registered. But their number may still change. The Press Service of the Yabloko party collected information about egregious cases of unfair removal from elections, fines and arrests, falsification of evidence of the “guilt” of candidates for municipal deputies campaigning under the slogan “For Peace and Freedom!”.

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Yabloko rejects the so-called Smart Voting

Statement by the Yabloko party, 7.09.2022

Photo: leaflets of Yabloko candidates “For Peace and Freedom”

We are against the so-called Smart Voting [reduced to voting for any pro-government political party but the ruling United Russia] re-announced by Leonid Volkov [head of Alexei Navalny’s headquarters].

We, as before, categorically do not share his position: voting “for any party except United Russia”, the possibility of voting for Stalinists and nationalists, as well as his disdain for human destinies.

We can only reiterate: we are asking all voters who support Volkov and his team and their stance not to vote for us.

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“Honest journalism has been announced be a crime”. Yabloko leaders on the 22 years verdict to journalist Ivan Safronov and revocation of licence from Novaya Gazeta

Press Release, 6.09.2022

Photo: Ivan Safronov / Photo by Gleb Shchelkunov, Kommersant

On 5 September, the Moscow City Court sentenced 32-year-old journalist Ivan Safronov to 22 years in a strict regime colony on the charges of “treason”. On the same day, the Moscow Basmanny District Court revoked the registration of the print version of Novaya Gazeta, led by Editor-in-Chief Dmitry Muratov, a member of Yabloko and Nobel Prize laureate. Yabloko leaders comment on these events.

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In Moscow and the Russian regions Yabloko appointed observers to polling stations and electoral commissions engaged in remote electronic voting

Press Release, 6.09.2022

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 5 September, the regional branches of the Yabloko party and the candidates nominated by the party to run in the regional and local elections submitted lists of observers to the electoral commissions. The regional branches of Yabloko in Moscow, Pskov and Novgorod also sent their lists of observers for remote electronic voting to the electoral commissions organising remote electronic voting. The lists of observers include IT-specialists.

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Yabloko is preparing to participate in the monitoring system for the remote voting in the Moscow municipal elections

Press Release, 4.09.2022

The Moscow branch of the Yabloko party has officially applied to the Moscow Electoral Commission to organise the deployment of the Remote Electronic Voting node at the party’s technical facilities, to which Yabloko IT specialists will have access.

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