Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Lev Shlosberg: The proposal to reduce the number of deputies in the Pskov Regional Assembly is a consequence of the achievements of the Pskov branch of Yabloko

Press Release, 17.09.2020

Photo: Lev Shlosberg, deputy of the Pskov Regional Assembly from the Yabloko faction / PLN

The reduction in the number of deputies of the Pskov Regional Assembly from 44 to 26 was discussed in the program “Day Watch” on the Echo Moskvi radio station in Pskov. Lev Schlosberg, who represents the Yabloko party in the regional parliament, expressed his opinion on this initiative.

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Discussion of the Kaliningrad branch of Yabloko. The results of the elections in the town of Zelenogradsk, the Kaliningrad region, must be annulled

Press Release, 18.09.2020

A regular meeting of the 12th Floor discussion club was held in the Kaliningrad Yabloko office. Its topic was the discussion of the scandalous elections in the Zelenogradsk town, the Kaliningrad region. According to the official data, Yabloko received there only 3.09% and failed to pass the 5% threashold.

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The Chelyabinsk branch of Yabloko defended the city forest. The court overturned the decision of the regional parliament to change the boundaries of the only natural monument in Chelyabinsk

Press Release, 17.09.2020

The Second Court of Appeal in St. Petersburg sided with the defenders of Chelyabinsk forest that the city authorities were planning to cut. The Court overturned not only the decision of the Chelyabinsk Regional Court, but also the decision of the Regional Legislative Assembly to change the boundaries of the city’s only natural monument. Lawyers Andrei Talevlin and Vladimir Kazantsev (the latter is under house arrest now) managed to win the case.

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Stavropol Yabloko activist was attacked with a knife and threatened with murder because of his protest activities

Press Release, 17.09.2020

Ronald Ayrapetyan, Yabloko activist from Kislovodsk, told the media that he was threatened with murder if he continued to take action against Putin and United Russia.

According to Ayrapetyan, on the evening of 12 September, he was returning home after a walk with a friend. An unidentified masked man with a knife was waiting for the activist in the stairway.

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Ivan Bolshakov: The duty of the Central Electoral Commission is to ensure fair vote count, rather than evaluate observers

Press Release, 15.09.2020

Ivan Bolshakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko, commented on the statement of Ella Pamfilova, head of the Central Electoral Commission about the party’s observers:

Yesterday at a meeting of the Central Electoral Commission, Ella Pamfilova publicly criticised Yabloko saying that our party sent the least number of observers to the elections and cited the figure “128 people”: “This is already a pattern from the Yabloko party: the fewer observers they have, the louder their denunciatory statements are,” the head of the Central Electoral Commission said.

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Falsifications did not work: Yabloko has 48 deputies in regional parliaments

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 15.09.2020

We know very well now the events called “elections” are held in Russia: how they arbitrarily do not register in the elections the strongest and dissenting candidates, and how they falsify the results of the vote. Nevertheless, 48 candidates from the Yabloko party overcoming huge obstacles and despite actions of the authorities became deputies in 12 Russia’s regions during the so-called “single voting day” (lasting three days). Yabloko candidates managed to get support of their voters so that neither filters, nor fraud worked.

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Grigory Yavlinsky: Their freedom is our freedom

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 14.09.2020

Danil Beglets, Kirill Zhukov, Yevgeny Kovalenko, Konstantin Kotov, Yegor Lesnykh, Eduard Malyshevsky, Maxim Martintsov, Ivan Podkopayev and Sergei Surovtsev. All of these people were sent to jail because they dared to speak out against the authorities’ criminal election fraud and because they were courageous enough to protest openly in the streets.

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The Yabloko party calls for the Return of direct elections for the head of Ingushetia

Kavkazsky Uzel, 14.09.2020

The events in Ingushetia over the past two years have exposed and demonstrated the failure of the concept of the vertical of power and the entire system of government in the Republic. The procedure for “election” of the head of the Republic of Ingushetia has actually been turned into a system for appointing a representative loyal to the Kremlin. Candidates who are strong and respected by the people, who have the support of potential voters, are not allowed to the election of the head of the Republic by means of various kinds of manipulations and procedures. A person, who is deliberately focused on satisfying the will of the country’s leadership, rather than solving problems in the region, is brought to power. The authorities do not hear and do not respect people’s opinions. Political deafness, unwillingness to take into account the requests and just indignation of citizens increase the gap between society and the government, lead to the alienation of people from the state.

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Yabloko results in the regional elections in Russia: 48 deputies elected in 12 regions

Press Release, 14.09.2020

During regional and local elections in Russia of 13 September, 48 deputies from the Yabloko party were elected in 12 regions. The deputies of the Yabloko party will work in the Kostroma Regional Duma, as well as in the city councils of Tomsk, Kaluga and Kostroma. Party representatives were also elected to the municipal councils of Bashkiria, Dagestan, the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Moscow, Novgorod, Omsk, Samara and Pskov regions.

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Yabloko observers record large-scale manipulations with early voting

Press Release, 13.09.2020

On 13 September, a single voting day in Russia, the Yabloko party launched a hotline for calls on violations at polling stations.

The most widespread violation, which Yabloko observers record as of 15:00 (Moscow time) is manipulation of the results of early voting. Calls about this came from more than half of the regions where candidates from the party participate in elections.

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Yabloko preliminary results in the regional elections of 13 September

FB page of Igor Yakovlev, Press Secretary of Yabloko, 14.09.2020

In the morning after the [regional] elections the picture is approximately like this:

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The Tomsk City Duma will have three deputies from Yabloko

Press Release, 13.09.2020

According to preliminary data, the list of the Yabloko party in the elections to the Tomsk City Duma is gaining more than 8% of the votes. This result suggests that there will be one deputy mandate – it will go to the leader of the list, Vasily Yeremin.

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The Court of Appeal did not satisfy the complaint of Oleg Mandrykin against the refusal of the electoral commission to register him as a candidate for Governor of the Arkhangelsk Region

Press Release, 11.09.2020

The Second Court of Appeal of St.Petersburg did not satisfy the complaint of Yabloko candidate Oleg Mandrykin against the refusal of the electoral commission to register him as a candidate for Governor of the Arkhangelsk Region.

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Nikolai Rybakov called on the President to allocate budget funds for the preservation of architectural monuments in Tomsk

Press Release, 11.09.2020

Yabloko leader Nikolai Rybakov sent an appeal to Russian President Vladimir Putin in connection with the critical situation with the protection of the cultural and architectural heritage – the wooden architecture of Tomsk.

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Eleven regional Yabloko deputies and the party Chairman call on the head of the Investigative Committee of Russia to open a criminal case on Alexei Navalny’s poisoning

Press Release, 11.09.2020

Yabloko party Chairman Nikolai Rybakov and eleven Yabloko deputies from six regional legislative assemblies forwarded to Alexander Bastrykin, head of the Investigative Committee of Russia, a statement on investigation of a crime.

Yabloko deputies urge Bastrykin to initiate a criminal case under Article 277 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Encroachment on the life of a statesman or public figure, committed in order to terminate his public or other political activities, or out of revenge for such activities”) into the fact of poisoning of Alexei Navalny with a chemical warfare agent.

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We ask the Governor to take the investigation of the attack on Yabloko’s Nadezhda Zhuravleva under his personal control

Open appeal of the Sverdlovsk branch of Yabloko, 10.09.2020

Photo:Nadezhda Zhuravleva, candidate for to the Nizhny Tagil City Duma from the Yabloko party

To the Governor of the Sverdlovsk Region Yevgeny Kuyvashev

To the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for the Sverdlovsk Region


The Sverdlovsk regional branch of the Yabloko party demands that the law enforcement of the Sverdlovsk region conduct a thorough investigation of the incident related to the attack on Nadezhda Zhuravleva, candidate for to the Nizhny Tagil City Duma from the Yabloko party.

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Yabloko to challenge in the Supreme Court the resolution of the Central Electoral Commission on the three-day voting in the elections

Press Release, 9.09.2020

The Yabloko party is challenging in the Supreme Court the resolution of the Central Electoral Commission  to hold a three-day voting. The plaintiffs are Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov and candidates for municipal deputies of two cities near Moscow – Elektrostal and Shatura – Alexander Gunko and Svetlana Smirnova, respectively.

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On the end of a lost era and the outlook for the future

by Grigory Yavlinsky, 10.09.2020

Photo: Rally for freedom and democracy, 4 February 1990, Moscow, Manezh Square


The introduction of President Putin’s amendments to the Russian Constitution signalled the defeat of the democratic reforms commenced in Russia at the end of the 1980s – start of the 1990s. This failure can be attributed primarily to the following factors:

  • The refusal to conduct a state and legal assessment of Stalinism and the crimes of the Soviet period;
  • Gross miscalculations in the logic and substance of the reforms of the 1990s: hyperinflation, the loans-for-shares auctions, the merger of the state, property and business, and the emergence of an oligarchy.  

These factors underpinned the creation of an autocratic, unlawful, quasi-mafia and anti-social political regime in Russia, marked by chronic economic stagnation and an impoverished population. This also led to a political system dictated by an imperial mindset, adherence to the principle of the “limited sovereignty” of former Soviet republics, attempts at flagrant interference in the affairs of neighbouring countries, the annexation of Crimea and war in the Donbass, contract killings of political opponents and journalists, senseless bloody participation in the war in Syria, and the adoption of countless repressive and backward-looking laws.  

The goal of the opposition in the new environment is to engineer the regeneration of the Russian state: convene a Constituent Assembly; adopt a legitimate Constitution which actually exists to serve the people; and build a modern country on its basis. To succeed, we must achieve the following objectives:

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The police tried to disrupt the lecture of the Nizhny Novgorod Yabloko for observers of the elections to the City Duma

Press Release, 10.09.2020

On September 9, the Nizhny Novgorod  branch of Yabloko” was holding a seminar for those who signed up to be observers at the upcoming elections to the City Duma of Nizhny Novgorod. After the lecture began, police officers suddenly stormed in. They said that on they were acting on basis of a statement they had received  from “a certain person”, so they stopped the lecture and began to put down the personal data of all those present.

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For every investigative action there is a reaction of electoral opposition!

Statement by the Ivanovo branch of Yabloko, 9.09.2020

A search was conducted in the apartment of Irina Maltseva, candidate to the Ivanovo City Duma from the Yabloko party, on 9 September at 6 a.m. The investigative actions were carried out on the basis of the decision of the Basmanny Court of Moscow on the so-called 2003 YUKOS case. Similar measures were taken against Andrei Sergeyev, deputy of the Council of the Bogorodsky rural settlement of the Ivanovo district, and Nikolai Dyachkov, regional coordinator of the United Democrats project in the Ivanovo region.

It is obvious that the YUKOS case, to which the Ivanovo opposition, even theoretically, was in no way involved, is nothing more than a screen for covering up unprecedented pressure on strong candidates in the elections of representative bodies of local self-government. The only goal of the criminal regime is to demoralise our candidates four days before the main vote, as well as to create difficulties in their election campaigns.


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