Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The 22nd Congress of Yabloko. The key points

Press Release, 11.12.2023

Photo: Igor Artemyev, a member of the Federal Political Committee, speaks at the Congress on 9 December / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Past weekend, the 22nd Yabloko Congress took place in Moscow. The Congress elected the party leaders and the executive bodies of the party for the next four years. Nikolai Rybakov retained the post of Yabloko Chairman, 55% of delegates voted for him. The programme “Peace. Progress. Human Rights”, with which Nikolai Rybakov campaigned for the post of party Chairman is published on the Yabloko website.

In his speech at the Congress, Nikolai Rybakov spoke about the historical forks of the last 30 years and Yabloko’s proposals for each of them:


““We are working to ensure that all Russians could have a good, peaceful, and humane future. It is a heavy burden, but no one else will take it. Because it is unprofitable and unpopular. But this is the only possible option for our life. We have vast experience and knowledge accumulated by people who have been working in the party for 30 years. This experience is needed so that to make the right choice at the next forks. This moment will definitely come. We work in Russia, for Russia and for the people.”


According to Yabloko founder Grigory Yavlinsky, the role of the party must radically change: Yabloko is no longer a party trying to correct the policies of the state. The circumstances in the country are such. The video recording and full transcript of his report, which was dedicated not only to the party, can be found here. Grigory Yavlinsky also spoke about Yabloko members who were killed because of their uncompromising stance, and about the present repression against Yabloko members, including criminal cases filed against Yabloko members, imprisonment, huge fines, searches in the party members homes and regional offices of the party and ban on publications in the social media (when pages by Yabloko members were banned by the decision of the Public Prosecutor General). Grigory Yavlinsky also spoke about all political prisoners in Russia, deprived of their freedom because they criticized the policies of the authorities, and also mentioned the “foreign agent” status “awarded” to the dissenting and considerably hampering their political acitvities, including for Yabloko members: Lev Shlosberg, Svetlana Gannushkina, Andrei Morev and Nobel Prize winner Dmitry Muratov.


Yavlinsky also spoke about the special military operation, stressing that it must be urgently stopped as taking lives of so many people. He also touched upon the issue of how the special military operation affects Russian economy and the prospects may be. According to Yavlinsky, the causes of the present situation were the lack of the assessment of Bolshevism and Stalinism on the state and public level, the Russian reforms of 1990s resulting in the creation of an oligarchic state, as well as the overall crisis of politics in the world giving rise to populism and the extreme right, the situation when politics has been drifting away from culture, professional knowledge, values, faith, and understanding of history.


Speaking about what need to be done in Russia, Yavlinsky singled out five points: a ceasefire, an exchange of prisoners of all for all, investigation of all war crimes, start of diplomatic negotiations;  freedom, repealing of repressive laws, release of all (about 600 people) political prisoners; the restoration of normal relations with the world, ending the new Cold War, ending the arms race, resuming nuclear safety treaties; a political reform, regular change of power and fair elections; building a modern economy in Russia, healthcare and education reforms, provision of equal opportunities for everyone.


Nikolai Rybakov’s deputy in 2019-2023, Ivan Bolshakov, speaking to the delegates of the Congress, noted that after the authorities destroyed most of independent non-government organisations in Russia, there was no one to engage in systematic work in many sectors. Yabloko must take on this mission: “We need to turn Yabloko offices into centres of civil society in cities and regions,” Bolshakov said.


After being elected to a second term, Nikolai Rybakov announced the decision to double the number of deputy chairpersons of the party. Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg Boris Vishnevsky and head of Moscow Yabloko Sergei Ivanenko will continue to work in this post. The newly appointed deputy chairpersons are: the leader of the Pskov Yabloko Lev Shlosberg, the head of the Yabloko faction in the Moscow City Duma Maxim Kruglov, the head of the Novgorod Yabloko and a deputy of the Novgorod City Duma Anna Cherepanova, the Chairman of the Tula Yabloko and the party representative in the Central Electoral Commission Vladimir Dorokhov.


The Congress also elected the Federal Political Committee and the Bureau. The new members of the Federal Political Committee, which is a steering body of the party, dealing with the party’s strategy, are the famous economist Yevgeny Gontmakher, Alexei Melnikov, economist, publicist and a State Duma deputy of three convocations, and political scientist Ivan Bolshakov.


The Federal Bureau includes 21 people (including the party Chairman and Deputy Chairpersons). Representatives from 15 regions became members of this executive body, 40 per cent of the Bureau are newly elected.


On 10 December, the Yabloko party Congress adopted an appeal to the Presidents of Russia and Ukraine. The address runs that the duty of responsible politicians is to protect the future of their countries.


“We appeal to the Presidents of Russia and Ukraine with the demand to conclude a ceasefire agreement and begin negotiations on a future peace. We call on the leaders of the United States, the European Union and China to support the conclusion of a ceasefire agreement between Russia and Ukraine.”


The appeal emphasises that people wish peace and justice.


The Yabloko Congress adopted several more important statements. We will publish them soon (the links will appear on this page).



Appeal from the Yabloko Party Congress to the Presidents of Russia and Ukraine: Conclude a ceasefire agreement!

To the 30th anniversary of voting for the Russian Constitution