Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Nikolai Rybakov elected Chairman of the Yabloko party for a second term

Press Release, 10.12.2023

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

According to the results of the secret ballot of the congress delegates, 59 delegates (55%) voted in favour of Nikolai Rybakov. Alexander Yefimov came second with 26 votes in favour. Anna Cherepanova and Maxim Kruglov received 12 and 10 votes, respectively.

Nikolai Rybakov addressed fellow party members as follows:


“Thank you very much for your trusting me to lead our party. Thank you very much for trusting me to walk this difficult path together with you. I believe that we will all go through it together, because we know why we are doing this. I want to thank Anna Cherepanova, Maxim Kruglov and Alexander Yefimov for participating in the elections. What I can definitely guarantee you, dear colleagues, is that each of you will have the opportunity to implement almost all points of your programme. Try to implement them. I heard the criticism that was also in the speeches of the delegates and the speeches of my colleagues in the elections. And I will try to take into account and correct a lot of this, but together with you. Thank you!”


The website of the Yabloko party published the election programme by Nikolai Rybakov “PEACE. PROGRESS. HUMAN RIGHTS”.


It should be noted that according to the new version of the party By-Laws, this year all Yabloko members took part in the nomination of candidates for the post of the Yabloko Chair. Based on the results of the primaries, the following candidates competed for the post of the Yabloko Chair: Nikolai Rybakov, current Yabloko Chairman (since 2019); Maxim Kruglov, head of the Yabloko faction in the Moscow City Duma; Anna Cherepanova, deputy of the City Duma of Veliky Novgorod and Chair of the Novgorod regional branch of the party; and Alexander Yefimov, member of the Federal Bureau of the party, the Volgograd regional branch.


Candidates for post of Yabloko Chairperson presented to the congress the programmes for the party  development.


Photo: Alexander Yefimov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Member of the Federal Bureau (from the Volgograd Region) Alexander Yefimov said that Yabloko should offer solidarity to the Russians, the country and the world, and find allies who share Yabloko views in Europe and the world. “Yabloko must act, knock on all doors, convey our position to the people of the whole world – we must demand a ceasefire. We suggest thinking about the future,” Yefimov said.


Yefimov also proposed that the party should make its contribution to resolving humanitarian issues, such as the situation with prisoners of war. The party’s participation in this will prove that Yabloko is an effective political force capable of offering a path to peace. Alexander Yefimov’s programme was published on the Yabloko website.


Photo: Maxim Kruglov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


Speaking to the congress delegates, candidate for the post of Yabloko Chairman and Chair of the Yabloko faction in the Moscow City Duma, Maxim Kruglov, noted that the party had lived in extraordinary conditions for the past 18 months.


Among the proposed changes, Maxim Kruglov highlighted the politicisation of daily party work: it is necessary to publicly respond to the information agenda from the point of view of the party values, principles and positions. It is also necessary to focus on issues of a humanitarian nature and the development of human capital. Speaking about the internal party work, Kruglov proposed strengthening work with members and supporters of the party: developing the practices of interregional seminars, intra-party meetings and free discussions within the party.


Maxim Kruglov’s programme is available here.


Anna Cherepanova, candidate for the post of Yabloko Chair, deputy of the City Duma of Veliky Novgorod and Chair of the Novgorod regional branch of Yabloko, believes that the leader of the party advocating the European way of development should be a woman. Cherepanova named the third Chair of Yabloko, Emilia Slabunova, as her political reference model. Speaking about the proposed changes in the work of the party, Cherepanova focused on the composition of the party and the principles of work of regional branches. According to Cherepanova, it is necessary to constantly search for potential leaders in the regions of Russia and attract them to the party. Yabloko needs an interregional platform for interaction between party members, candidates and supporters in order to exchange experiences, conduct joint actions and brainstorming.


Photo: Anna Cherepanova /  Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


The target audience of the party, according to Anna Cherepanova, is women, young people under 35, the educated (intellectual) class.


Anna Cherepanova’s programme is also posted on the party’s website.