Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

“If you can feel that staying human is worth while, even when it can’t have any result whatever, you’ve beaten them.”

Deputy Chairman of Yabloko Ivan Bolshakov on how the party can exist in the current conditions

Press Release, 9.12.2023

Photo: Ivan Bolshakov /Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

“If you can feel that staying human is worth while, even when it can’t have any result whatever, you’ve beaten them,” Yabloko Deputy Chairman Ivan Bolshakov began his report at the 22nd Party Congress with this quote from George Orwell.

“I think this also refers to Yabloko,” Bolshakov noted. “When the authorities promote a misanthropic ideology and implement the principle “people are trash,” we are talking about saving people, saving lives.”

According to Bolshakov, for 30 years Yabloko has been offering the country a different path, being a moderate third force between the radicalism of opposition and the authoritarianism of the authorities. At a time when numerous opposition projects appeared and disappeared, Yabloko continued to pursue its line.


“When some [opposition figures] engaged in verbal exercises against their political opponents, we were only interested in the essence of the matter,” Bolshakov said.


According to Bolshakov, Yabloko was ahead of time. “What we proposed now will be realised years later. At first we are harshly criticized, then they admit that we are right. However, the forks have already been crossed, and sometimes irrevocably,” Bolshakov noted.


However, now the moment is coming when Yabloko’s position, time and society’s understanding of the prospects are beginning to converge at a single point, as can be seen from the election results in progressive cities and the attention that is now being paid to Grigory Yavlinsky and the party’s position on a ceasefire. “When this understanding and awareness takes place, everything will have to be done to ensure that the new fork of the road is finally taken in the right direction,” Bolshakov believes.


In recent years, radical conservatism and isolationism have been promoted through propaganda and school education. According to the Deputy Chairman, this trend will definitely make itself felt, just as it already was with nostalgia for the Soviet Union in the 1990s and 2000s. “That is why the tasks of education, debunking myths, and the autonomy of cultural and educational institutions should come to the forefront. They will sometimes be more important than economic diversification and democratic legislation,” Bolshakov says.


He also noted that after the authorities destroyed the majority of independent public organisations, there was no one to carry out systematic work in many sectors.


Therefore, according to Bolshakov, today Yabloko should replace Greenpeace** in matters of environmental protection, Transparency International** in the field of anti-corruption, and also continue the work carried out by Memorial* and the Moscow Helsinki Group in supporting political prisoners and preserving the memory of the victims of Stalin’s repressions, intensify actions in the field of political education, which was carried out by the “Moscow School of Civic Education”*.


“We need to turn Yabloko’s offices into the centres of civil society in cities and regions,” Bolshakov notes.


“Yabloko” remains the only open and legal opposition in the country, therefore, at a time when there is no one else, the party’s mission should be to integrate into its work the most important areas that bring our country closer to freedom and justice.


“Today we have the moral right to speak on behalf of everyone who does not agree with the course of the authorities and wants change,” Bolshakov says.


At the same time, the fundamental ideas and values of Yabloko are needed not only by the democratic electorate, because they are universal. Therefore, all citizens, the entire country as a whole, need our programme to be implemented, Bolshakov believes.


Yabloko is fighting for the development vector that no one else in the country advocates, and it exists because millions of citizens need such a vector to be realised.


Russia’s European path is not a utopia, but the main task, which we should strive for to the best of our abilities, Bolshakov notes.


“Sooner or later the window of opportunity will open. And it seems to me that time is already on our side,” Bolshakov concluded.


* – organisations recognised as foreign agents by the Ministry of Justice


** – organisations recognised as undesirable organisations by the Public Prosecutor General’s Office


Ivan Bolshakov

is Deputy Chair of the Yabloko party. Political analyst. Member of the Russian Association of Political Science. Head of the Analytical Department of Yabloko.