Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Nikolai Rybakov about the forks of the past 30 years: “No one can convince us that there was no other way”

Press Release, 9.12.2023

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov made a report at the 22nd Yabloko Party Congress. He spoke about the historical forks of the past 30 years and Yabloko’s proposals at each of them.

Rybakov said that it was necessary to understand at what turns the wrong choice had been made, since such forks and such crossroads would happen more than once in the history of our country:

“Our party is 30 years old. This is almost as much as the new Russia is. Until recently, I would have said that this is a difficult case. Now I have to say that this is a tragic case. Because of the turns our country chose to make at important crossroads, many people paid with their lives or their crippled destinies for these wrong choices. People died, their destinies changed as they fell under the moloch of the state machine. First, Grigory Yavlinsky, and then the entire Yabloko, offered the country a meaningful and personal alternative, a different path. And no one can convince us that there was no other way. Because life itself, the years we have lived, have proven that the truth was on our side. And it is on our side today,” Rybakov noted.


Rybakov named the reasons for the current state of affairs in Russia: poverty, the lack of alternative sources of meaningful political information, the lack of separation of powers, an independent court and a real parliament, and the country’s disregard for the most important thing – human life.


Nikolai Rybakov recalled several such forks when Russia chose the wrong path.


Rybakov said that one of the first forks happened in the period of the late 1980s – early 1990s, when the movement towards a market economy began. It was then that a programme appeared that could give a chance for the formation of a large middle class in the country – “500 Days” [by Grigory Yavlinsky]. It was proposed to start privatisation with the least monopolised sectors of the economy and those enterprises that people could buy with their savings, thus, building their businesses in retail trade, services, catering or construction.


“The key point of the programme was to implement the concept of moving towards a market not at the expense of the people, but at the expense of the state, in order to give people faith and understanding that the state will take care of them. Despite support from the Soviet republics, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR ultimately rejected this programme. Instead of carrying out a broad corporatisation of enterprises, they were sold through loans-for-shares auctions, that was, in fact, criminal privatisation. As a result, the country’s largest enterprises ended up in the hands of a small group of people, and this contributed to the formation of an oligarchic regime in the country,” Rybakov added.


Another fork in the road was the adoption of the 1993 Constitution. The Yabloko party was the only political force that opposed the adoption of the Constitution [with a very strong president and a weaker parliament] that the authorities tried to push through. Yabloko proposed to adopt a temporary constitutional act, and after that, in a few years, prepare a real, well-thought-out fundamental law.


“Because even then we understood that the benign provisions on freedoms and human rights, and the welfare state that were in the Russian Constitution, on the social state cannot be implemented under the system of power that is ultimately provided for in the rest of the Constitution. Because there were no mechanisms that guaranteed the implementation and protection of these rights and freedoms. And the consequences of the adoption of such a Constitution become clear in 2020, when many asked: “How did this happen? Why is this so? But the first bloody consequences manifested already a few years later [after the Constitution was adopted]. These were the First and the Second Chechen wars [in 1994-1996 and 1999-2000]. What was the position of our party? – ‘Stop the war’,” Rybakov added.


Nikolai Rybakov also recalled other turning points in Russian politics and the alternatives proposed by Yabloko: the seizure of the independent NTV television channel by Gazprom Media and Yabloko’s calls in its defence, the economic crisis of 2007-2009 and the “Land-Housing-Roads” programme for mass housing construction proposed by the party, the coronavirus pandemic and measures to support the population and business proposed by Yabloko, “resetting” of the Constitution and Yabloko’s alternative “Constitution of Free People”.


Rybakov associated one of our country’s wrong turns with the authorities’ refusal to make a state-legal assessment of the 1917 coup, the entire Soviet period, and Stalin’s terror. Rybakov stated that the policy of de-Stalinisation and de-Bolshevisation would be a necessary condition for the modernisation of Russia in the 21st century.


Nikolai Rybakov dwelled on the situation with Ukraine in detail. Back in March 2014, Yabloko warned about the tragedy of the bloodshed for both countries. The party had a plan to resolve the situation in Donbass. Grigory Yavlinsky presented it as candidate for the post of Russian President in the 2018 presidential elections.


Rybakov noted that all these years, Yabloko opposed bloodshed – published articles, made statements, called for negotiations and organisation of an international conference on resolving the status of Crimea. All these years, the party had been proposing solutions to prevent bloodshed.


The party leader also recalled that the 2021 parliamentary elections demonstrated that the threat of an armed conflict was brooding. Members and supporters of the party participated in debates, held pickets, and held a public awareness campaign. At the beginning of 2022, Yabloko organised a collection of signatures “for peace” from citizens, and a plan of actions to prevent military confrontation was sent to the leaders of Ukraine and Russia – then the party offered itself as the organiser of the negotiations and the peace process. The Yabloko Congress formulated the key demand – stop killing people and immediately conclude a ceasefire agreement. No matter how dangerous it may be, over the past two years, party candidates across the country ran their campaigns under this slogan “For peace!” Rybakov emphasised that all the recent party’s work had aimed only one goal: returning peace.


According to Rybakov, the Yabloko party proved at all these forks, and at many others, that it was possible to choose a different path for the country. Residents of Russia were offered an alternative 12 times during the presidential and the State Duma elections.


In conclusion Nikolai Rybakov spoke about Yabloko’s current mission:


“We are working to ensure that all Russians could have a good, peaceful, and humane future. It is a heavy burden, but no one else will take it. Because it is unprofitable and unpopular. But this is the only possible option for our life. We have vast experience and knowledge accumulated by people who have been working in the party for 30 years. This experience is needed so that to make the right choice at the next forks. This moment will definitely come. We work in Russia, for Russia and for the people.”



is Chairman of the Yabloko party, member of the Federal Political Committee of the party, member of the Yabloko Bureau.

Head of the Yabloko Electoral Headquarters