Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

On the future of Russia

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee No 161 of 20 October 2022, published on 1.11.2022

Photo: Flags of Russia and the European Union / Photo by Vladimir Sergeyev, RIA Novosti

The mission of our party today and its main task is to overcome Bolshevism, the oligarchic nature of the state, the irremovability of power and militarism, create prerequisites and implement a real modernisation of Russia founding a modern political and economic system in our country.

The vector of Russia’s development, connected with the future, is obvious to us – it is the European one. At the same time, Europe is not merely the most rational choice among several: Russia is a European country. Anti-Europeanism is not a “different choice”, but a falling out of reality. One of the reasons for the current national catastrophe is the absence of a positive unifying idea among the ruling elite. European Russia is unacceptable for them, since it implies a change of government, separation of powers and an independent judiciary. It is impossible to find another idea of such a scale – it simply does not exist. War with Europe is the only “alternative” to European Russia.


The future European Russia is, first of all, orientated towards a person and his/her development, ensuring a life without fear, freedom of creativity in close connection with the native history and culture. A new Russian statehood should be built on this, where the man is the goal, and the state is the means; where the state exists for the sake of preserving and implementing human moral values.


We need a working model of freedom for the majority of Russian citizens living in all regions and corners of its vast territory, in cities, towns, and villages.


Freedom in our understanding means, first of all:


– private property independent of the state;


– an opportunity to own land and a house for one’s family;


– the right to self-government (the ability to arrange life around in one’s own way in harmony with the local community);


– a civil society disposing of real rights;


– fair elections and regular change of power.


All this creates the basis for exercising freedom of expression, assembly, and movement.


Conditions so that Russia could have a future are as follows:


– cessation of war and renunciation of war at the level of values;


– restoration of historical continuity, and movement of Russia towards a modern democratic state, which was interrupted by the October coup of 1917;


– overcoming Bolshevism, a clear assessment of the crimes of the Stalinist and Soviet periods;


– “overcoming the 1990s” – an assessment of the failed policy of modernising the country in detachment from the interests of its citizens, a set of measures for overcoming the consequences of the criminal privatisation of large property.


The future of Russia, corresponding to the strategic interests of the Russian people, is possible only in a united Europe together with its neighbours, primarily Ukraine and Belarus. Only in a common European space based on the principles of the European Union can Russia’s relations with its neighbours be really reconciled.


The Yabloko party needs to make every possible effort to ensure that it becomes possible to develop towards the creation of a new Greater Europe in the future – no matter how difficult it may be, we must explain this to people already now.


We must, certainly, take into account that the movement of our country towards the future is taking place in the conditions of a most serious crisis in global politics, and world political entropy. An adequate response to the crisis is the modern evolution of the institutions of European politics, maintaining the development that began after the Second World War and led to the creation of the European Union.


Russia, with its cultural, philosophical, intellectual heritage and potential, can play a role in this process, and this can be a much more significant contribution to the common European cause than the fossil fuels that the world will be abandoning.


In the light of these tasks, we need to continue working on the concepts that are critical for the future of Russia and Europe:


– the new Constitution;


– preparation of the convocation of the Constituent Assembly;


– economic reform and, above all, draft laws aimed at separating business from power, and radical demonopolisation;


– creation of a stable institution of mass-scale private property;


– improving living standards of people;


– a judicial reform aimed at creation of an independent judiciary;


– creation of an empowered and effective system of local self-government, which will be able to keep the country from disintegration;


– protection of citizens from the government’s use of modern technologies in order to control people and their lives, expand the boundaries and scope of persecution, total control and repression.


Everyone should have the key human freedom – the ability to choose. This is where the future for Russia and Yabloko lies.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko