Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Federal Political Committee of Yabloko on what is happening during the “special operation” and the tasks of the party. The key points

Press Release, 1.11.2022

Photo: Mariupol, July 2022 / Photo by Anatoly Zhdanov, Kommersant

The Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party formulated the party’s position on what is happening during the “special military operation” and the challenges that the party is now facing.



Referendums and the annexation of the territories of the self-proclaimed the Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR), the Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR), as well as the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions, massive strikes on infrastructure facilities in Ukraine, announcement of partial mobilisation in Russia, represent a qualitatively new stage in the development of the tragic situation, which promises even more blood and destruction.


There are no grounds to believe that the end of the armed conflict is approaching, and this means death and suffering of people every day, and the escalation of the conflict is fraught with a nuclear war, and there will be no winners in this war. If the conflict turns into a prolonged military confrontation, this will only increase human casualties. In Russia, this will lead to an increase in national-fascist sentiments in the country, transfer of the economy to a military footing, further deterioration in the economic situation, significant decrease in the living standards and quality of life,  search for “internal enemies” and new political repressions.




Over the three decades of post-Soviet Russia, Yabloko offered many times meaningful alternatives to the policies that brought our country to the current situation. We warned of the danger of war and fought against war — virtually alone.


In 2021, society did not make use of the elections and the opportunity to support the only anti-war party to stop the imminent war.


Now Yabloko’s the call of Yabloko to immediately stop hostilities not only fell on deaf ears, but was attacked from different sides, including those preferring to demand to continue the “war to a victorious end” from safe places. However, Yabloko’s offer to conclude a ceasefire agreement is the only alternative to a possible catastrophe.


At the same time, Yabloko demands an end to state propaganda of hatred and aggression, introduce a legislative ban on propaganda of nuclear war, and the abolish repressive laws on “fakes” and “discrediting”.




What is happening represents an inevitable consequence of the creation in the country of a political and economic system based on the legal nihilism of the Bolshevik type and the merger of power and property.


This authoritarian system of power lacks the mechanisms for prevention or correction of the mistakes of the person in the head of the state, and his personal complexes and fears get transformed into state decisions without taking into account and analysing possible consequences.


Creation of such a system would be impossible without abandoning the European, liberal-democratic dominant in the Russian opposition movement.


However, the same representatives of the post-Soviet intelligentsia campaigned for Boris Yeltsin in 1996, for Putin and the Chechen war in 1999-2000, and for “smart voting” in 2021 calling to vote for any parties, even pro-government parliamentary parties including communists-Stalinists, but the ruling United Russia, which led to the formation of the parliament banning the oldest human rights organisation Memorial and voting for the special military operation. Good-meaning people following the lead of the populists, virtually worked for evil – for the promotion of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and nationalists of Zakhar Prilepin (a writer who was a combatant in Donbass and boasted of killing people there), and justification of the very idea of ​​nationalism. This was one of the immediate causes of the war.


Yabloko does not shed the responsibility for what has happened: we developed and proposed alternatives to the dead-end policies, but failed to find enough strength and resources to implement them.




The goal of the Yabloko party in the current tragic and unpredictable circumstances should be to develop and offer society a serious professionally developed strategy and political position based on an understanding of the lessons and mistakes of the past, and on an accurate and uncompromising assessment of the present of the country, which is aspiring to the future.


Today Yabloko foes not have its own media and influential allies who would promote the agenda we propose, but our party has a stance, knowledge and understanding of our country and a desire to make the life of its citizens qualitatively better. This gives us grounds to talk with the majority, rather than our traditional supporters only, and express the interests of the majority.


We are certain that the majority of Russian citizens, like Yabloko, want the individual to be the goal and the state to be the means. They want the state to exist only for the sake of preserving and implementing  human moral values. They want a life without fear and repression, they want freedom and justice.


We are certain that a better future for Russia is possible only in a united Europe, in a common European space based on the principles of the European Union, and together with its neighbours, primarily Ukraine and Belarus.




We will continue working on the concepts that are critically importnat for the future of Russia and Europe:


– the new Constitution;


– preparation of the convocation of the Constituent Assembly;


– economic reform and, above all, draft laws aimed at separating business from power, and radical demonopolisation;


– creation of a stable institution of mass-scale private property;


– improving living standards of people;


– a judicial reform aimed at creation of an independent judiciary;


– creation of an empowered and effective system of local self-government, which will be able to keep the country from disintegration;


– protection of citizens from the government’s use of modern technologies in order to control people and their lives, expand the boundaries and scope of persecution, total control and repression.


Everyone should have the key human freedom – the ability to choose. This is where the future for Russia and Yabloko is.