Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The role and mission of Yabloko

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee No 160 of 20 October 2022, published on 1.11.2022

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Yabloko is the only socio-political institution left in Russia that opposes war, totalitarian transformation of the state, and disintegration of society.

Over the three decades of post-Soviet Russia, we have many times offered meaningful alternatives to the erroneous and corporate-selfish decisions that brought our country to the current situation. There was an opportunity to choose an alternative in all 11 federal election campaigns in which Yabloko participated.

We warned of the danger of war and fought against war — virtually alone. In 2021, society did not make use of the elections and the opportunity to support the only anti-war party to stop the [imminent] war.


After 24 February, the understanding – who was right and what should have been done – came to many people, but the problems remained the same: the call of Yabloko to immediately stop hostilities as the main goal of the opponents of the war not only fell on deaf ears, but was attacked. In fact, critics from different sides reiterate the position of Anatoly Chubais, who in 1999 said that calls for peace [during the war] in Chechnya represented “a knife in the back of the Russian army”.


However, after all, the only alternative to calls for peace and stopping the bloodshed, is an escalation of the war, an increase in its scale, and new victims.


In the current conditions, the most important political tasks of the Party are as follows:


– cessation of hostilities, cessation of bloodshed;


– analysis and public explanation of the reasons for the failed post-Soviet modernisation;


–  creation of a “road map” for the modernisation of Russia, determining positive prospects for the development of the country after the catastrophe, and provision of social and political support for the country’s movement into the future;


– raising public awareness of the need of a European way of development for Russia;


–  the need to help people.


The socio-political analysis of the failures and critical mistakes of the reforms of the 1990s and professional political and economic alternatives existing then is of particular importance. If the desire to learn lessons is present in the political and public space, then there is a sense in the stance that we have occupied in society for three decades. Otherwise, all that remains is to admit that Russia has suffered a historic failure and look for the guilty instead of trying to understand the systemic reasons for the failure.


Our task is to fill the agenda and socio-political discussion with real political content striving to overcome the split in society, its fragmentation and disintegration.


The goal of the Yabloko party in the current tragic and unpredictable circumstances should be to develop and offer society a serious professionally developed strategy and political position based on an understanding of the lessons and mistakes of the past, and on an accurate and uncompromising assessment of the present of the country which is aspiring to the future.


Russian society needs a deep and comprehensive evolution of values, affirming at the ethical level the unacceptability of authoritarian rule, imperial aspirations, nationalism and chauvinism, repression and war. However, nothing like this has been done for the 30 post-Soviet years, and that is why we are where we are now. There are those in Russia who believe that a new country should be built with a machine gun in hand, and the current leadership of the country belongs precisely to this direction.


True, we do not have our own media today, we do not have wealthy allies who would promote the agenda we propose, but our party has a stance, knowledge and understanding of our country and a desire to make the life of its citizens qualitatively better.


Whom can we address? Today, it would be a big mistake to say that our current supporters are our audience, and everyone else is “outside”. People again, as back in the Soviet times, do not say what they think, but they are becoming more receptive to serious reflection because of what is happening. But such reflections resulted in a request for change in late 1980s. But precisely because the elites and the post-Soviet intelligentsia – those who were supposed to think and give food for thought, and work with society – were carried away by self-admiration, unprofessional fantasies and the struggle for enrichment, all this led to the tragic failure of post-Soviet modernisation. That is why we need to talk to the majority. We do not separate ourselves from the majority of the Russian population and consider a significant number of our compatriots to be our potential audience.


At the same time, we certainly realise the limitations and dangers associated with the promotion of our ideas and political concepts, but we fundamentally refuse to focus on the agenda of a very narrow Internet audience.


It is important to bear in mind that already long ago there arose a need for a fundamental, essential political disengagement with those who can be defined as fans of the SPS (the Union of the Right-Wing Forces) political party that has gone into the past, Alexei Navalny’s propagandists and the closed Ekho Moskvy radio station. The moment of truth has come – we can no longer waste energy on meaningless discussions with those whose political position, outwardly presented as a struggle for liberalism and democracy, directly led to what is happening now in Russia, due to their incompetence and self-interest.


The desire to please this audience is not and cannot be justified by any considerations in the present conditions. This is not a new situation and we must finally make a choice. This choice is well known in the world political history. The methods and forms of our daily work remain the same – publications in the media, active work with people, party members and especially with young people, conducting polls, continuous communication with citizens in different forms, explaining what is happening and explaining its reasons, campaigning, participation in elections (with a full understanding of their specifics), humanitarian actions and help to people.


Voting for Yabloko in the past municipal elections was a demonstration of people’s ability to think and state their own opinion. However, the circle of people to whom we appeal is not limited to those who voted for us. In order to have a real influence on social processes, we can no longer remain the “party of the intelligentsia”. Since we have been professionally and politically right for the past thirty years, we have every reason to become the party of the people. It is very difficult to implement such a political stance in practice, but otherwise there is no point in our existence at present. We need to work hard for the sake of freedom and our principled belief in our values.


By and large, we now represent the interests of all citizens of Russia – because it is not just about the future of the country, but about its very existence.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko