Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

About the causes of the ongoing tragedy and the way to overcome it

Decision by the Yabloko Federal Political Committee No 159 of 20 October 2022, published on 1.11.2022

Photo: Moscow, Novy Arbat street, February 2022 / Photo by Vitaly Smolnikov, Kommersant

The main reason for the current situation in our country is the failure of post-Soviet modernisation, which, in turn, was due to the refusal of the Russian authorities over the past 30 years to consider society as a subject of politics and regard the freedom and real well-being of people as the main goal of the state.

At the same time, there were real alternatives and opportunities for implementing modernisation reforms in the interests of the country’s citizens. However, the Russian authorities have consistently rejected these alternatives for the sake of narrow-minded selfish reasons.


The refusal to overcome Bolshevism and Stalinism at the state level predetermined the emergence of aggressive imperial national Bolshevism as a state ideology in the 21st century.


The result was the creation of a political and economic system based on legal nihilism of the Bolshevik type and the merger of power and property. Such a state system can neither have a free press, nor an independent judiciary, nor a real parliament, nor fair elections, since if all these independent institutions emerge, then, first, they constitute a threat to the corporate-oligarchic system itself, and second, they do not have funding, because there is no business independent of the state. A deliberate depoliticisation of society takes place in such a system – systematic falsification of elections and massive state propaganda give rise to the “nothing depends on us” syndrome in people. Already in the first decade of its existence, this system demonstrated disregard for human life unleashing two Chechen wars.


Under these conditions, the emergence of an authoritarian head of state and the transformation of the oligarchy of the 1990s into the “Putin state” were neither an accident nor a miscalculation. An authoritarian organisation of power, striving for irremovability, was fixed in the country. It lacks the mechanisms for prevention or correction of the mistakes of the person heading the state, and his personal complexes and fears get transformed into state decisions without taking into account and analysing possible consequences.


Abandoning the political and economic alternative, and never taking up to building of a modern democratic state, Russia found itself in neo-Stalinism and neo-Bolshevism, “wrapped” in a quasi-modern postmodern shell of the “Eurasian” type.


The attempts to oppose this system with populist methods, indiscriminately relying on nationalism, populism, leftism, and pseudo-fight against corruption, and reducing politics to a personal struggle for power, only worsened the situation.


The same representatives of the post-Soviet intelligentsia campaigned for Boris Yeltsin in 1996, for Putin and the [Chechen] war in 1999-2000, and for “smart voting” in 2021  [calling to vote for any parties, even pro-government parliamentary parties including communists-Stalinists, but the ruling United Russia, which led to the formation of the parliament banning the oldest human rights organisation Memorial and voting for the special military operation]. Ten years after the elections of 2011 passed under the slogan “we have to stop the evil” leaving all thoughts and reflections for later. And the evil only grew stronger, being fed with malice, hatred, and the desire for revenge of those who wanted to stop it. Good-meaning people following the lead of the populists, virtually worked for evil – for the promotion of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and nationalists of Zakhar Prilepin [a writer who was a combatant in Donbass and boasted of killing people there], and justification of the very idea of ​​nationalism.


Abandoning the European, liberal-democratic dominant by the Russian opposition movement that took place in this way is one of the immediate causes of the war.


The Yabloko party does not shed the responsibility for what has happened: we developed and proposed alternatives to the dead-end policies, but failed to find enough strength and resources to implement them. The disaster happening to our country is both our disaster and our fault.


It is necessary to understand the causes of what happened not only to determine the perpetrators. Lessons must be learned from the experience of the past 30 years. This is necessary for building the future of Russia, conducting genuine political and economic modernisation, and creating a modern democratic state based on a society aiming at the European way of development. So that those who are responsible for the country do not repeat the mistakes, so that they stop lying and trumping up when faced with a challenge of history.


The supporters of European Russia must have their own dominant, otherwise another, pro-fascist dominant will be realised.


For the sake of the future, our country needs not just the desire for “freedom” instead of “slavery”, but the desire to understand what is happening with the country and build its future not on the basis of populist slogans, but on the position of a real democratic alternative to the failed post-Soviet modernisation.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko