Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko leader Nikolai Rybakov suggested that the Central Electoral Commission should hold a one-day vote in the 2021 elections

Press Release, 30.04.2021

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov sent an appeal to Ella Pamfilova, head of the Central Electoral Commission, proposing to hold a one-day rather than three-day voting in the elections to be held in September 2021. Rybakov also proposed not to conduct early voting, remote voting and outdoor mass voting in order to avoid possible violations.

It should be noted that Articles 63.1, 64 and 65 of the Federal Law “On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right to Participate in a Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation” allow different forms of voting, such as:


– voting within three days;

– the possibility of early voting;

– mass voting outside the premises for voting (in adjoining territories, in settlements, on sports grounds and in vehicles, etc.);

– remote electronic voting.


Rybakov believes that these norms create huge opportunities for violations in the elections in Russia.


Three-day voting and early voting should not replace voting on a single election day. A special (single) voting day reduces the risks of forcing voters to participate in elections and, through public observation, creates opportunities to prevent fraud.


– At least one in three voting days turns out to be a working day, making it easier for employers to force their workers to vote for certain candidates.


– A significant part of active citizens who want to exercise their right to observe the elections and work of electoral commissions will not be able to be present at polling stations and other voting places on weekdays due to their employment at work.


– Three-day voting makes it difficult to ensure public control over the inviolability of ballot boxes (safe-packages) at night.


“The practice of voting on the approval of amendments to the Constitution [on July 1, 2020] and elections in 2020 confirms these conclusions,” Rybakov noted.


Председатель «Яблока» заявил, что голосование вне помещения избирательного участка делает невозможным осуществление контроля со стороны штабов кандидатов и партий. Кроме того, голосование вне специального помещения не обеспечивает соблюдение тайны голосования. Рыбаков напомнил, что в 2020 году гражданам приходилось открыто заполнять бюллетени на улице.

The Yabloko chairman said that voting outside the premises of the polling station makes it impossible for the headquarters of candidates and parties to exercise control. In addition, voting outside a special room does not ensure the secrecy of voting. Rybakov recalled that in 2020, citizens had to openly fill out ballots on the street.


There are no criteria for assigning certain places to the categories where voting is possible, and the procedure and terms for publishing information on where and when such a vote will take place have not been established. This means that voting will take place at the discretion of electoral commissions arbitrarily – anywhere, anytime, and citizens, candidates, members of electoral commissions and observers from candidates will learn about it literally half an hour before voting.


“The impossibility of public observation of the remote electronic voting procedure is also a significant problem that generates mistrust in its results,” the Yabloko leader noted.


Nikolai Rybakov suggested that when organising the elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Russian Federation and other elections in 2021, the Central Electoral Commission should neither fix a three-day voting, nor establish early voting, nor conduct mass voting outside the premises, nor establish remote electronic voting, but appoint a single day for voting.


“As the experience of the 2020 elections has shown, three-day voting does not lead to an increase in voter turnout, and, therefore, does not create additional opportunities for citizens,” the Yabloko Chairman said.