Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky: Why there is no place for freedom of speech in Putin’s system

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 29.04.2021

Photo by Yury Belyat / MBKh Media

Twenty years ago, a hostile takeover by the state of NTV, the first all-Russian TV channel independent of the state, took place. By common consent, NTV, established in 1993, became a world-class TV channel [in Russia] in a few years. But in 2001, a year after Vladimir Putin came to power, the TV channel was virtually eliminated, and in front of the entire country: it was deprived of its independence and transferred to the ownership of Gazprom. The reason for the destruction of NTV was its independent information policy, which really did not obey the Presidential Administration. Today it is hard to believe, but that was exactly the reputation of the former NTV with a multimillion audience. Therefore, then, in April 2001, thousands of people took to the streets in defence of the TV channel being destroyed by the authorities. There had already been the explosions of blocks of flats and the beginning of the Second Chechen War, further there had to be acts of terror in a theatre in Moscow and a school in Beslan, the murders of [Yabloko MP] Yury Shchekochikhin and [journalist and human rights activist] Anna Politkovskaya, the seizure of Crimea and the war in Donbass, all against the backdrop of complete nationalisation and subordination to the Kremlin of almost all politically significant media outlets.

Today, in April 2021, after two decades of Vladimir Putin’s rule, it can be stated that the free press has been virtually completely destroyed in Russia. Those individual media that still dare to speak up the truth and criticise the authorities are under unprecedented pressure. The past weeks only brought the following:


– an attack on the editorial office of Novaya Gazeta was committed with the use of chemicals (at the same time, the employees of the newspaper have been continuously facing serious threats against them);

– searches were carried out in the editorial office of Vazhniye Istorii (Important Stories) media, the editor-in-chief of the online edition was summoned for interrogation in the Investigative Committee;

– Radio Liberty, due to multimillion-dollar fines for non-observance of the rules of work of a “foreign agent” on the territory of the Russian Federation, is forced to minimise its activities in Russia;

– a criminal case was initiated against employees of the students magazine DOXA;

– the Meduza media was recognised as a “foreign agent”;

– the journalists who covered the latest street actions in Moscow were summoned to the police.


Obviously, the regime will not stop there. The pressure on journalists who are trying to professionally convey to citizens the truth about what is happening and about the essence of Russian authoritarianism will only grow. The authorities will continue with all their might to squeeze out of the Russian information field any agenda that can make people think about real life in the country. Putin’s system does not provide for not only a free press; this system has no place for real journalism at all. Mass media in such an authoritarian state as modern Russia perform exclusively a propaganda function, serve as a tool for manipulating public opinion, and a mechanism for brainwashing. Honest and professional journalism in our country today is possible only with a real risk to life.


Twenty years ago the state’s attack on the NTV television channel outraged millions of citizens of the country, and brought many of them to the streets (albeit to no avail), but today we observe almost complete indifference of people to the destruction of the free press. And this is also one of the results of the propagandists’ work: a burnt over information field, a lack of understanding of the role of the media in ensuring security, preserving the health of citizens, achieving economic efficiency and preventing impoverishment.


To understand the consequences of the lack of free media, suffice it to recall what happened after the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant 35 years ago. At that time, the lack of freedom of speech and independent media led to the fact that on 1 May, 1986, thousands of people took to festive demonstrations in the Soviet cities caught in the Chernobyl radiation zone, putting themselves and their children in terrible danger. There was simply no one in a completely deceitful Soviet state to convey to the people the truth about the mortal danger.


And now, in the absence of free media, the state lies about the true scale of the coronavirus pandemic in Russia (or deliberate distortion of official statistics) leads to disorientation in the fight against the virus, does not allow professionals to take the necessary measures both against the disease and the economic consequences of the epidemic. All this ultimately leads to new victims. The excess mortality rate in Russia amounted to 313 people per 100,000 inhabitants last year, which is much higher than in almost any other country in the world. It turns out that our human losses are enormous, but we do not know anything about them.


Lies have always been and remain the foundation of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes, while the main condition for dismantling these regimes is freedom of speech, which exposes these lies. It is the ability of people to openly express their point of view, publicly say what they think, which sooner or later will lead to a change of regime. Because Putin’s system is incompatible in principle with either freedom of speech, or independent media, or honest professional journalists, or free people. And as soon as the freedom of speech emerge, this system will fall apart.





Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO, Vice President of Liberal International, PhD in Economics, Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.