Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

This world was not invented by Putin

by Grigory Yavlinsky


The 53rd Munich Security Conference opens on 17 February. While it represents a continuation of the Meeting of G20 Foreign Ministers and could become a platform for contacts on a range of issues, it is highly unlikely that we should seriously expect anything from the Munich Forum. It would appear that this time the ministers gathering in Germany don’t understand what is happening and are not ready to take any practical solutions.

As demonstrated by the rushed resignation of Michael T. Flynn, national security adviser of the US President, the new American administration, which is being monitored closely by the whole world and Russia in particular, has no policy at the moment. Donald Trump himself does not even know what he is going to do. The direction of the administration’s future policy and course of action cannot be determined from the populist speeches of the US President. Even if he has some vision of the situation in the world, it can easily be transformed into the adoption of diametrically opposing decisions under the influence of new factors, such as the disclosure of his advisers’ connections with Russia. In fact, this is exactly how the position of the White House on Crimea is being formed, and the Kremlin has been at a loss for three days now as it tries to work out whether this is what Trump thinks or this is the opinion of his press secretary…

A week before the Munich Conference people were reflecting in Russia on the same conference held ten years previously when Putin had made a speech. It was 2007, a time of vast potential opportunities for Russia. Putin’s confrontational anti-American speech in Munich is an example of how opportunities can be wasted on illusions, attempts to lecture other countries and deliberate empty talk on the multi-polar world, on an energy superpower, on financial safe havens and so on. And all this was done instead of Russia’s active participation and assistance in resolving global challenges.

Munich 2007 still didn’t represent a shift in foreign policy, but already marked the deadlock where Russia found itself as a result of authoritarian domestic policy. Incidentally, the deadlock had been discernible a year earlier when the G8 Summit was held in Saint Petersburg. Outwardly the summit appeared to be the pinnacle of Putin’s success. However, everybody understood back then that the participants of the G8 could not resolve important international security issues owing to profound differences in values. It was already clear that Russia’s policy did not involve reforms and development, that its political system increasingly resembled an unproductive authoritarian system, while its economy remained oligarchic and resource dependent. The past ten years have only exacerbated this situation.

All these years the Russian authorities narcissistically settled for a deadlock – they did not implement any domestic reforms, did not create a modern state, did not diversify the economy and failed to separate business and power. At the same time, the growing economic and political problems on the cusp of two decades led to a crisis of trust in 2011-2012, and the government’s response was to crack down on civil society and form an anti-European course. And this course led to isolation, war, and the clear likelihood of collapse.

It goes without saying that this course was not foreseen by global developments. While stylistically it fit the global landscape formed after Britain’s Brexit and Trump’s election, this is simply a coincidence. Russia does not set the tone in the world as it is unfortunately on the periphery. Today Trump is the leader in the Russian media in terms of the number of mentions. Russia’s leadership is waiting for a call from Trump. Russian experts and political scientists divine the essence of Trump’s every step like a higher calling. And the main task of Russia’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Lavrov at the forthcoming Munich Conference is to try and arrange a meeting between Putin and Trump.

Meanwhile the global challenges and threats confronted by the world as a whole have not changed much over ten years. They can be summed up as the lack of any clear development strategy and international terrorism, and a sense of uncertainty, which will push politicians to adopt simple, belligerent, and radical decisions resulting from the logic – “otherwise we might miss out”. As a result, any hot spot or potential hot spot – the Middle East, Afghanistan, Iran, Korea, India and Pakistan, the Caucasus, Ukraine or even China – could be transformed into a major war, literally a global conflagration.

However, nationalist politicians, isolationist politicians and advocates of cheap populism are trying to reap dividends from the horror and confusion of rank-and-file citizens today – they will not only fail to improve things – in actual fact they will exacerbate the global situation, which is dangerous enough already. The ability to manipulate the views of vast numbers of people is the result of accidental political riches that they have accrued and don’t know how to handle. The whole world will have to pay the windfall profits tax. Russia might well be one of the first. We are too week to fish alone in the troubled waters of total chaos. This is an extremely unfavourable situation for our country when set against our actual potential, geographic location and resources, economic and demographic situation.

Russia’s entire policy over the past ten years has been dangerous and senseless. It has targeted phantom goals. There will be no “Eurasian vector”, no proverbial multipolar world, no “new Yalta” and no division of the world into “spheres of influence”. Globalisation happened, and the relations between global leaders will be very different to what we would see in the 20th century. We do not need to wait and see what Trump is about in order to define our place in the world and set the agenda in our country. And we definitely should not build relationships with the US President via some clandestine channels – through some foreign advisers or our hackers. We must not try to access global politics through a keyhole. This would only make things worse.

Our country needs a serious foreign policy that reflects Russia’s interests in the right combination with global realities and historical developments. However, we have no one in our country to draft and implement such a policy. Putin is preoccupied by other matters: we have a war with Ukraine and the largest part of the Arab world, a quarrel with Belarus, and also bomb the Turks by accident… Russia’s current leadership has driven the country to a foreign policy deadlock and is now hoping for Trump’s mercy. It is time to abandon peripheral foreign policy woes and focus on real policies in Russia – policies that would enable our country to define its future independently in today’s complicated and dangerous world through real actions and not mere words.