Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The situation and prospects of political struggle in Russia in 2021

Decision No 147 by the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, adopted on 14.10.2021, published on 18.10.2021

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko believes that the assessments, forecasts and fears expressed in the article “No to Putinism and Populism” and the decision by the Political Committee [of Yabloko] “On Systemic Threats to the Life, Health and Rights of Russian Citizens” of 24 February, 2021, have been confirmed.

The focus of [Alexei Navalny’s] Smart Voting on the support of the communists, the pro-communist propaganda of the niche media, focused on the intelligentsia expressing its discontent and those supporting Alexei Navalny, is a downward movement, evidence of the complication of the situation in which our country finds itself now. This is also clearly demonstrates the political inconsistency of the activists protest which has been operating with populist slogans.


For us, both Vladimir Putin’s regime and the attempts to fight it according to the principle “the end justifies the means” are unacceptable, the implementation of the latter has led at the moment to calls to support the communists and has become one of the factors in the formation of the Duma, which, without doubt, will be used as an instrument of repression targeted not only and not so much against individuals as against the majority of the country’s population, which the authorities consider being one of its resources.


Our opponent is not only the authorities, but also what can be called modern Bolshevism. Bolshevism in modern conditions represents a reaction to the corrupted irremovable government, which has fenced itself off from society with a shield of force, a populist appeal to all the weak and offended, a call to unite around a charismatic headman who combines nationalism with primitive equalitarianism in his appeals.


At this stage, such a “protest” is no less a problem than the government. At the same time, we are facing not just with dilettantism, misunderstanding, inexperience, but a concept that claims to be axiomatic and morally superior.


Calls almost in the form of virtually an order to vote on the list sent by the headman or his instructor produce an extremely negative effect. As a result, all this turns into considerably increased distrust of the elections. Those who call for voting according to the algorithm are acting in the same direction as the authorities and devalue the very idea of ​​elections. At the same time, it is quite obvious that any vote for [pro-Putin’s] the Communist Party, the LDPR party, or A Just Russia party means playing the game on the side of the authorities.


The hopes of Alexei Navalny’s supporters for a change of power from the street are not only groundless, but dangerous. This line is beneficial to the authorities, since the repressive machinery will always take over in the clashes in the streets and then another sharp toughening of the regime will follow.


As a result, relying on street protests will not end with anything except imprisonment of many people, broken lives and even bloodshed. The events in Belarus have shown that the shameless cynical regime is not embarrassed by mass actions, and the authorities are ready to use any forceful means, including the army, so that to protect the regime.


The rosy illusions of the “Velvet Revolution” – in the current conditions of Vladimir Putin’s regime – is either a delusion that can turn into a mass bloodshed, or a deliberate deception of “human stuff” intended (as Leonid Volkov, Navalny’s closest supporter, says) to be thrown “into the furnace”.


We are categorically against violence by the authorities and consider calls for violence by the protest forces to be fundamentally unacceptable. Attempts to shift all responsibility for possible sacrifices onto the government, which “brought the situation to a bloody riot”, are fraudulent. The logic that “the war will justify everything” logic has been and will be alien to us. We consider it our primary task to do everything possible so that to prevent casualties in the course of political confrontation. This is one of our most important principles that should be embedded in all our actions.


The Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko Party considers any form of support for the de facto allies of the United Russia party – the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, A Just Russia, the LDPR party in the form of the so-called Smart Voting and the policy of Alexei Navalny, be incompatible with membership in the [Yabloko] Party, meaning that this is a fundamentally different political direction. Party members who do not share the ideology and ethical principles of Yabloko, create conflict situations and hindrances in the work of the Party, ignore the instructions of the party, and also lose contact with the Party, are subject to deregistration.


We believe that one of the main resources of the Vladimir Putin system, on which it relies along with repression and manipulation, is the imposition of their agenda, the basis of which lies in imperial nationalism, confrontation with the West, neutralisation of internal agents of the West, etc.


To counter the reactionary agenda of the regime, the Party considers it necessary to maintain and promote the following agenda:


– the anti-war agenda: end of support for the war in Donbass, rejection of the annexation of Crimea and initiation of an international conference on the future of the peninsula, and withdrawal of Russian troops from Syria;


– the agenda associated with the reforms necessary for the country, in particular, with creation of the institution of private property and a competitive efficient economy instead of the current stagnant economy of the present state capitalism;


– the agenda representing the policy towards the European path of development and integration with Europe with the prospect of forming a third world centre of global economic power;


– the agenda requiring an international investigation of political assassinations and attempts on politicians in Russia, the purpose of which is to find out the truth in all the details and prevent such things in the future;


– the release of all political prisoners;


– the agenda relating to the re-founding of the Russian state by convening a Constituent Assembly and adoption of a new Constitution.


To implement the agenda, it is necessary to search for new forms of broad and active social action that would allow expressing protest and exerting civil pressure in the face of increasing repression.


Only striving for such goals can qualitatively renew Russian politics, society and the state, and ensure a decent future for our country. We confirm all decisions of the Political Committee of Yabloko made in 2020 – 2021, and we consider their implementation to be the basis for further work by Yabloko.


Our goal is nationwide political dialogue. This does not mean asking the authorities for something or negotiating tactical issues. The basis of the dialogue is that civil society has its own stance on fundamental issues – the future of the country, and the direction of its development. For all the problems and weaknesses of the democrats, no other direction can formulate the meaning of moving forward. The European way is objectively the only one. All others are “paths that do not exist”, reproduction of Putin’s system and its policies in one form or another. The way to a dead end.


Our main allies are our people, time and history.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of

the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko