Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Results and lessons of the first parliamentary elections of the system after the 1 July, 2020 [the adoption of Vladimir Putin’s amendments to the Russian Constitution]

Decision No 144 by the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, adopted on 14.10.2021, published on 18.10.2021

Photo: Distribution of seats in the Russian parliament based on the results of the 2021 elections. Photo: by Igor Ivanko / Kommersant

The past parliamentary elections are the first after the cynical, insulting and hypocritical imposition on the country of [Vladimir Putin’s] “amendments” to the Constitution.

We participated in these elections being well aware that in the changed conditions it is absolutely impossible to maintain the previous goals, objectives and methods of work of Yabloko as a centrist social-liberal democratic party of a parliamentary type in a campaign that cannot be called elections by any standards.

For us, it was not so much the formal result that was important: we perfectly understood how it would be determined, in the current authoritarian system, for the party whose list of candidates got the label of a foreign agent from the authorities, but [we regarded it as] the opportunity to appeal to society, give an exhaustive political assessment of Vladimir Putin’s regime and present a European democratic alternative to the dead-end track the dictatorship is leading Russia along.


We considered it our priority to maintain the topics of opposition to the militarisation of society, aggressive foreign policy, and prevention of war with Ukraine on the agenda. Yabloko was the only participant of the elections that held this stance, and generally represented a modern European alternative to the Vladimir Putin system – all other participants were “Putin’s parties in different costumes”.


The Yabloko programme for the 2021 elections contains not only all the most fundamental assessments that characterise the state of affairs in modern Russia, but also represents an alternative in all the key areas of our country’s development.


That is why, during the campaign, our party became the object of unprecedented pressure and repression from the authorities, faced the withdrawal of our candidates, received the seal of a foreign agent, and became the object of defamation in the state-owned and partially state owned media.


During the voting days, there were recorded a huge number of violations, obvious and easily proven falsifications, in particular, related to the uncontrolled so-called “electronic voting”.


After the elections, repressions and suppression of protests continued, new criminal cases [against peaceful protesters] were opened, and the lists of foreign agents were expanded.


This is not a surprise to us. We will continue to use all available mechanisms to challenge the falsified results. We, as always, will speak out in the sharpest form against political repression.


However, we must understand that after [Vladimir Putin amending the Constitution on] 1 July, 2020, we are in a fundamentally new situation: an authoritarian regime is developing into a totalitarian one. Falsification of elections turns into election management, that is, the authorities assign a pre-programmed result [of voting].


Let us emphasise that in the conditions of many years of suppression of freedom of speech in the country, absence of separation of powers and an independent judicial system, any more or less normal elections are impossible. Their results are predetermined by the regime, which itself participates in the elections in the form of the United Russia [party] and, accordingly, assigns itself the desired results, through completely subordinate electoral commissions of all levels, [the results] that have no relation to reality. This has been the state of affairs in Russia for almost three decades, and has become obvious in the elections this year.


At the regional level in St. Petersburg, the Republic of Karelia and in the Pskov region, at the cost of great efforts and thanks to the work of party leaders Boris Vishnevsky, Emilia Slabunova and Lev Shlosberg, Yabloko managed to retain representation in the legislative assemblies of St. Petersburg, the Republic of Karelia and the Pskov region, despite the tough resistance of the authorities, repression and outright fraud. The election of Vladimir Ryzhkov [in the Moscow City Duma election] strengthened Yabloko’s position in the Moscow City Duma.


We have every reason to consider Yabloko candidates Sergei Mitrokhin, Igor Nikolayev and Boris Vishnevsky as winners in single-mandate constituencies in the elections to the State Duma. The victory won by our comrades, but stolen from them and the entire country, is the best result among non-parliamentary parties and the best result for Yabloko since 2003. All this is proof of the significant support from citizens, which Yabloko actually has.


The Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko


– believes that in the current conditions the main thing for the party is to preserve an agenda based on humanistic values ​​in the socio-political space for the sake of continuation of a conscious and responsible confrontation to the repressive system in the interests of our country and its citizens. At the same time, the party should focus on the expert and professional content of its work, showing the society the need for and ways to achieve democratic changes;


– notes that the election campaign has shown that a party must have a sufficient number of its own candidates who must be continuously trained. A party can and should nominate candidates who are not its members, but they should share its ideology and be our conscientious supporters of its ideas, and not use it as a “political taxi”. There should be no candidates who use Yabloko only as a technical platform for nomination, but virtually do not mention the party in their election campaign;


– emphasises the fundamental fallacy of the so-called Smart Voting actively promoted by Alexei Navalny and his ideological support group, and based on the false assumption that everything that is not the United Russia [party] is certainly better than it. It was with the help of Smart Voting that the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, which supports the overwhelming majority of the regime’s initiatives and votes for almost all repressive laws (including the laws on “foreign agents”), not only remained the second largest party in the Duma, but even increased its number of mandates. This strengthens the authoritarian system and accelerates its development towards totalitarianism, repression, imperialism, confrontation with neighbours, the whole world, and ultimately, [and its movement] towards war. The support of the communists, as well as the allegedly “smart” support of candidates from other “Vladimir Putin’s parties” – A Just Russia, LDPR, New People and others – is nothing more than strengthening the Putin system and the advancement of the Russian political regime towards a totalitarian model in modern conditions. This is dangerous and harmful for the country, and those who promote it are the same opponents of Yabloko, like the current government, and cannot be in Yabloko, like those who do not share our ideology;


– believes that it is impossible to declare all who are in conflict with the government as Yabloko allies. The principle “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” is unacceptable in politics. For Yabloko, both Putin’s authoritarian regime and political structures of a nationalist, chauvinist, imperial, communist and leader-oriented nature are unacceptable. Our real and long-term political allies can only be those for whom our common ideology and values ​​come to the fore, and not those who call to forget about the differences in ideology in the name of fighting the government as a common enemy;


– notes that in the elections Yabloko was supported by the People’s Freedom Party – PARNAS, one of the top leaders of which, Andrei Zubov, loudly and clearly declared the principled unacceptability of voting for the Communists and support for Smart Voting. We appreciate the support of the PARNAS party and are ready to discuss cooperation and joint work;


– emphasises: the Yabloko party is grateful to everyone who, in a difficult situation, made a value-based choice, believed and supported us.


The elections once again proved that our priority task is to strengthen the value, ideological, substantive and expert-professional basis of the party, educate citizens, defend and promote our substantive position. There are no tactical considerations that could overshadow our values ​​and principles.


We are aware of serious shortcomings in our work, including those during the election campaign, and we know that not everyone in the Party is satisfied with the way this campaign developed. We do not intend to hide or hush up anything, and we will certainly draw appropriate conclusions and learn lessons. However, in the current situation, the crux of the matter is not our technical blunders and mistakes.


The result of the past elections is neither a defeat nor a victory for us. The past campaign is our work aimed at bringing about real changes in the country. It is often difficult and thankless. Changes will not be quick, but it is our duty to the country and our people to steadily move towards them.


And we have taken an important step in this direction.


Grigory Yavlinsky,

Chairman of

the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko