Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The key decisions of the Yabloko congress: the reform of Yabloko, the demand to release political prisoners and elections to the State Duma

Press Release, 6.04.2021

Photo: Grigory Yavlinsky / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The key points

On 3-4 April, Yabloko held a new stage of the 21st Congress, which was attended by almost 120 delegates from several dozens of regions. The main topic of the Congress was the reform of Yabloko and the release of political prisoners. Grigory Yavlinsky was one of the first to speak from the rostrum of the Congress. He explained the meaning of the party reform: it should be targeted at preservation of the core of the democratic opposition in Russia under the conditions of an authoritarian mafia regime.

This task became especially urgent after the “anti-constitutional coup” – adoption of Vladimir Putin’s amendments to the Russian Constitution on a plebiscite that took place on 1 July, 2020. Now the Basic Law enshrines the irreplaceable power of Vladimir Putin, as well as the foundations of a “corporate, mafia, authoritarian state with a chauvinist ideology”. Despite the scale of this event, it remained outside the scope of public discussion, Yavlinsky noted.


Morality in politics and humanistic values will remain the imperative for Yabloko. “Our model is a party of values ​​that has its own vision of the present and the future, and not just protesting against certain actions of officials,” Yavlinsky explained. The full transcript and video of his speech can be found here.


Photo: Nikolai Rybakov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov spoke about hundreds of political prisoners who are under trial or have already been imprisoned. Our personal responsibility is to demand the release of these people at any opportunity, Rybakov stressed.


The head of Yabloko spoke about the achievements of Yabloko in the difficult 2020, when, in addition to the amendments to the Constitution, Russian experienced the coronavirus pandemic. Rybakov said that due to active work of Yabloko members, the rating of the party grew for the first time in many years. Rybakov urged Yabloko members to adopt the decisions on the reform of the party, as it should help create a strong, honest, and respectful competition in Yabloko and guarantee the change of power in the party.


Ivan Bolshakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko, explained the need of reforming the party by global changes in the work of parties, that are moving from large and vertically integrated structures to compact and small, but “mobile” organisations. His colleague Boris Vishnevsky, recalling his mountaineering past, said that he wanted to see in the ranks of Yabloko members like mountaineers who are climbing mountains tied together.


Photo: Ivan Bolshakov. / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


The congress was opened by the report of Lev Shlosberg, leader of the Pskov branch of Yabloko and member of the Political Committee of the party. His speech was devoted to the external and internal threats the party had to face.


After speeches both for and against the amendments, a vote took place: more than two-thirds of the congress delegates supported the package of key proposals for reforming the party. The key amendments made to the Yabloko By-Laws are as follows: mandatory primaries for the election of the party Chairperson, introduction of a probationary period of one year for admission to the party, and loosening of requirements for the creation of intra-party factions.


The second day of the Congress was devoted to the upcoming elections to the State Duma. Talking about the coalition policy of Yabloko, Nikolai Rybakov stressed that the party would not cooperate with politicians and organisations that oppose Yabloko it in the elections and adhere to a radical ideology: “We consider any alliances with Stalinists, nationalists, fascists, racists, imperialists, militarists, xenophobes, and other left-wing and right-wing radicals,” Rybakov said. And certainly Yabloko will not cooperate with parliamentary parties, that are all Vladimir Putin’s parties.


Ivan Bolshakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko, noted that the upcoming parliamentary election campaign would be very different from the 2016 parliamentary elections. Then elections took place in the conditions of the “Crimean consensus” in the Russian society. Now this consensus ended, and people’s discontent with the Kremlin’s social policy grew significantly.


According to Bolshakov, in the elections Yabloko will give priority to the campaigning on the party lists of candidates, but the party was ready to nominate in the constituencies Yabloko partners from other democratic organisations, democratic politicians, human rights activists, and civil activists.


Photo: Igor Artemyev, ex head of the Federal Monopoly Service of Russia. / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


Igor Artemyev, a member of the Yabloko Political Committee and the ex head of the Federal Monopoly Service of Russia, also spoke at the Congress. He stated that the economic and political power in Russia was seized by oligarchic groups. Artemyev stressed that Yabloko was the only party in Russia not included into the oligarchic system, and the only party able to formulate and implement professional economic reforms in the interests of society and small business – the task that would arise with the inevitable change of power.


Grigory Grishin, head of the election headquarters of the party, announced in his speech a large-scale pre-campaign for Yabloko, which will take place both offline and online. Grishin noted that one the keys to the success of Yabloko in the elections should be organisation of observation over voting.


On 4 April, the second stage of the 21st Yabloko Congress ended, but it was not closed, as in the summer, before the start of the election campaign, the third stage will be held, which will be dedicated to the approval of electoral lists, strategy and tactics at the elections. Another stage will take place in the fall, after the elections.


Yabloko statement

On the growing danger of a new war with the participation of Russia

Statement by the 21st Congress of Yabloko



The first day of the Congress (Part 1 and 2  )

The second day of the Congress


Grigory Yavlinsky: “The opposition should force the authorities to dialogue”. Speech by Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, on the first day of the Congress.


“There can be no free politics in the country, when people are imprisoned for their views”. Speech by Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov on the first day of the Congress.


“It is time for us to put things in order in our own house”. Speech by Ivan Bolshakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko, on the first day of the Congress.


Yabloko head Nikolai Rybakov on Yabloko’s coalition policy (the second day of the Congress).


“We are a party of the middle class and small business”. Speech by Igor Artemyev, a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko and former head of the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia (the second day of the Congress).


Grigory Yavlinsky about why the slogan “Freedom for political prisoners” should be the main slognan for Yabloko.



The first day of the Congress


The second day of the Congress