Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Nikolay Rybakov: The reform of Yabloko will allow us to create strong, fair, respectful competition in the party

Press Release, 3.04.2021

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Yabloko Сhairman Nikolai Rybakov began his speech at the 21st party Congress by mentioning the victims of political repression, the number of which has increased significantly over the past year. According to the Memorial human rights society, 378 people in Russia are persecuted or imprisoned for their political beliefs.

“It is our personal responsibility to demand the release of these people whenever possible. There can be no free politics in the country if people are imprisoned for their views,” Rybakov said.


According to the Yabloko leader, in 2020 there were two main catastrophes: the “coronavirus” and “constitutional” [coup d’etat when Vladimir Putin’s amendments to the Russian Constitution were adopted at the plebiscite on 1 July 2020]. In a moment of general confusion, Yabloko proposed to society a decisive plan of action.


As an alternative to Vladimir Putin’s constitutional amendments, Yabloko developed the Constitution of Free People. According to a survey by the Levada Centre, 74% of Russian citizens fully supported the amendments proposed by Yabloko, and 95% of those surveyed supported individual amendments. Rybakov noted that Yabloko was the only party in the country that organised such work, and the ideas of the Constitution of Free People should be laid in the basis of the party’s political programme in the elections to the State Duma. In addition to a meaningful alternative, the party fought against “zeroing” of Vladimir Putin presidential terms through rallies and single pickets. It is important to note that Yabloko is the only party where all the deputies in the regional parliaments voted against Putin’s amendments to the Constitution.


Despite serious shocks in the country, Yabloko showed success in the 2020 municipal elections, almost 50 people won mandates and became deputies. The party received good results thanks to its candidates, technologists and representatives of the election headquarters, who traveled to the regions and provided assistance to Yabloko members.


During the coronavirus pandemic, the party proposed a plan to rescue citizens and the economy, which included urgent measures in the field of health and education, measures to counter domestic violence, etc. All these proposals were successfully discussed, both in the expert community and by the authorities: both federal and regional. In addition to the proposed plan, the party organised a volunteer network “You Are Not Alone” – Yabloko members helped people to overcome the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic.


In 2020, the Federal Party School was launched, 50 promising young people were selected from all over the country to be taught by Yabloko leaders. At present, the students are finishing their studies, a new admission is opening soon. In addition, the School of Municipal Deputies was organised, and the Anti-Corruption Policy Centre continues its work.


Thanks to all these positive changes, for the first time in many years, the party’s rating grew from 4% to 5%, the threashold for getting into the State Duma. “This is a chance to return to the State Duma and form the only oppositional democratic faction there. This is necessary not only for us, but also for all people who demand changes,” Rybakov noted.


Nikolai Rybakov also spoke about the reform of Yabloko, discussed in the party since 2017. All amendments to the Yabloko By-Laws were discussed at numerous seminars with party members throughout the country. The main goal of the Yabloko reform is to focus on the work outside the party, its effectiveness, increasing the influence of each party member, as well as increasing responsibility of party members for their participation on work. According to Rybakov’s estimates, by the end of August 2021 the number of registered supporters of the party will reach one million.


Rybakov urged Yabloko members to adopt the decision on the reform, as it will create a strong, honest, and respectful competition in Yabloko and guarantee the change of power.


“We have made the turnover of power within the party. What President Putin has not been able to do in Russia in 22 his years in power. And not a single parliamentary party managed to do that. But we did! And this turnover of power, change of generations and dialogue between them is what we offer in 2021 to the whole country!” Rybakov added.


The Chairman of Yabloko also stated that one of the myths about party reform was that the party would be shelled off from the people, but, in fact, the opposite was being proposed. People would be able to join the party and have the opportunity to make decisions. Rybakov said that Yabloko’s traditions and values allowed different groups of people to work together for 30 years. He also noted that he would not allow belittling either the party or the people who are members of it.


The Yabloko leader recalled that the first Manifesto of Yabloko, when it was formed as of the Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin bloc, contained a fundamental thesis: to bring such people to parliament for whom the end does not justify the means. The meaning of the proposed reform is to return to its fundamental values ​​- freedom, democracy, human rights and social liberalism.