Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The government intends to make the state budget even less transparent

Press Release, 30.05.2017

The government’s amendments to the state budget introduced past week to the State Duma for the first time lacked the data on total expenditures for defence or security. Thus it will be even more difficult to monitor where the secret expenditure are allotted to. Yabloko believes that the structure of the current budget and the number of the concealed items of expenditure indicate the desire of the federal government to guarantee its own irremovability, as well as the possible allocation of resources in favour of a large businesses close to it.
Photo by Artyom Korotayev/TASS

According to RBC, for the first time since 2008, the package of documents on the state budget submitted to the parliament contained no information on the total expenditure of the budget on the sections and subsections of the functional classification (“National Issues”, “National DefenCe”, “National Security and Law Enforcement Activities”, “National Economy “, etc. – 14 sections in total, each of the sections envisaging up to 13 directions). Total expenditure means open plus closed (secret) allocations. Consequently, the parliament and society may lose the tool allowing to at least somehow detail the secret budget expenditures. The Ministry of Finance did not see such a problem and explained the change, which it considered insignificant, by the government’s greater focus on the “programme-targeted approach”.

RBC further explains how the budget information is structured and provides the data on what part of the budget is closed: “The structure of the Russian budget is provided in three ways: functional (as of sections and subsections), programme-oriented (as of programme and non-programme measures) and departmental (as of principal administrators of the budgetary funds). The Ministry of Finance has been presenting only an open part of the expenditures in all three parameters for a long time, but a special annex to the explanatory note provided an opportunity to see the full structure of the expenditure (together with the closed part), at least in the context of sections and subsections.

Yabloko believes that the amendments initiated by the government deprive citizens of the least opportunity to learn how the state spends the funds of the state Treasury.

“Recently, the federal budget has reached the maximum secrecy in the entire post-Soviet history,” Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, noted. “The share of closed expenditures in the budget has been growing continuously since 2009, having increased by more than 2.5 times since then. As early as 2015, the share of secret expenditures was 20 per cent (in the US budget, for example, it is only about 10 per cent). In our conditions, this means that no one can properly control anything and it is impossible to assess the effectiveness of the secret expenditures.”

“The budget process is non-transparent and closed to public discussion, and the budget itself is built on arbitrarily chosen priorities,” runs the YABLOKO Bureau statement criticising the federal budget for 2017 even before new amendments were made. “72 per cent of defense spending, 6 per cent of expenditures on national issues, 8 per cent of expenditures on the national economy, and 34 per cent of law enforcement costs were made secret.”

“The trend is there,” said economist Sergei Ivanenko, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko. “All this means the restoration of the Soviet system, under which the government disposed of the financial resources without any control. Even the limited control that the society have had over the implementation of the budget, not to mention its drafting, is actually curtailed. This is done when the budget is mainly aimed at self-preservation of the power. Therefore, huge expenditures go to the military and the police. It is interesting to note, that these amendments “make secret” not only the defense industry and the security, but also such items of expenditure as the “National Economy”. It can be assumed that there are some large amounts of money spent on projects of oligarchic structures”.

However, despite considerable resistance of the executive power, Yabloko still manages to achieve local victories, consistently upholding the transparency of the budget process. In particular, in April 2017, the party managed to get the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg approve the draft law on the city budget by Grigory Yavlinsky. Its provisions make the budget of St. Petersburg, both at the stage of its formation and at the stage of its development, considerably substantially more open and transparent.