Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Coming round full circle. Premonition of another global crisis

Grigory Yavlinsky’s Facebook page, 13.01.2019
Grigory Yavlinsky on the hidden causes of the global financial crisis

At the end of 2018 global stock markets fell to their lowest levels in December since the Great Recesson at the end of the 1920s.  In 2018 world markets lost almost $7 trillion.

Ten years have passed since the global financial crisis. However, a number of the key causes and factors of the crisis have still not been understood and eliminated. On the contrary, the impact of these factors has intensified as a result of the expansion of the new economy and dissemination of information and t digital technologies.
The following issues are the key problems of the contemporary global economy that are the hidden causes of the crises that the government of the world’s leading countries don’t want to resolve:

  1. The financial sector continues to grow in both absolute and relative terms. The financial sector, transformed from its role of servicing economic requirements into a self-contained entity, generates some of the highest individual managerial incomes, without any actual control by society.
  2. Group interests (primarily groups linked to the financial sector) are intensifying their influence over the mass media and the political, educational, and academic elite. The agenda and tone of the discussion in each of these environments have manifestly shifted towards the interests of groups who have opened up new niches for enrichment over the past ten years. As a result, in the picture of the world painted by the ‘mainstream’ mass media and education system, the traditional values of social progress have been pushed behind the scenes, while the new values of ‘creativity’ and ‘innovation’ have taken centre stage.


  1. The ‘brand economy’ is growing exponentially compared to the ‘economy of goods’. Investments in advertising and distribution channels yield substantially greater returns than investments in production. Competition is degenerating into an oligopoly based on intellectual property: ownership of brands, longstanding marketing channels, and control over the regulatory authorities. Enormous revenues are generated by ‘intellectual’ and traditional annuities.


4.. The ‘new economy’ is expanding. It has become less transparent and is to a large extent virtual. In other words, its functioning is not associated with consumption, accumulation, or even the physical movement of productive resources. To all intents and purposes, this is not so much production as an exchange of money for virtual products, which exist increasingly frequently not in reality, but instead in the consciousness of the consumer via images, objects of desire, and dreams, etc.


  1. The ‘intellectualisation’ ‘softwarisation’ of the economy is also becoming more complex. The abundance of intermediary links and processes creates a favourable environment for intellectual manipulation and the creation of new ways of generating a profit ‘out of thin air’. Business is being penetrated by the parasitic practices of unchecked bureaucratic structures: growth and multiplication through the artificial stimulation of needs.


  1. The new international division of labour is deepening. Intellectual property – trademarks, patents and exclusive rights to provide a number of services – is acquiring more and more significance for the prosperity of wealthier countries.
  2. A quarter of a century has passed without the threat of a global war, so that there is no longer any need to promote the ideas of justice and equality This is the basis of propaganda in support of absolute meritocracy. The receipt of rental income and speculative income is perceived as honourable and dignified – ‘creativity’ is preferred to usefulness and effectiveness.
  3. The picture painted for society by mainstream economic science, or to be more exact, social sciences, bears less and less resemblance to reality. This picture disregards the fact that without non-market values in the world such as honesty, respect for the individual, and aspirations to create social entities, there would not even be a market based on contemporary understanding of the concept.


  1. The move from post-industrialisation to postmodernism is accelerating. The latter is understood to mean aspirations to discard intelligibly concrete meaning and transform means into the end. In economic terms, this implies that production and consumption are trading places: the producer does not exist for a consumer independent of production: on the contrary, the producer now creates the consumer that it needs, shaping the requirement for this product, whether goods or services. The principle “Anything with a price is beneficial’ now rules.

The ideal of business activity is to derive income from such property as trademarks, technologies and techniques used to shape consumer consciousness, needs and standards artificially inspired by consumer behaviour, etc. The past half century shows that business does not have to adapt to society. On the contrary, society can be significantly adapted to business. And this results in the irrational cult of innovations and high-tech and the thesis that the only right commodity is emotion, as the consumer essentially does not pay for ‘bits of hardware’ or ‘rags’, but instead for the satisfaction of owning the source of his own ‘coolness’.

  1. Against the backdrop of growth in ever more diverse types of consumption, points of reference such as professional career, public recognition and reputation within the framework of professional communities are becoming less and less significant. At the same time, a new economic class of IT specialists – programmers, systems administrators, hackers and so on – is emerging. As the proliferation of new technology continues apace, individuals and companies find themselves dependent on IT specialists. Thus, a new social division is arising between the holders of sacred technological know-how and everyone else.


  1. And finally, there is one axiom that is key to economic growth and development: morality is the most important part of economic life. Unfortunately, the attitudes couched within this axiom have been constantly degraded over the past 50 years. This is not a reference to individual morality as a personal quality, but instead public morality representing the informal rules that need to be observed in the interests of survival, self-preservation, and success in life. However, for more than half a century public morality has been ignored by politicians, society, business and the mass media. Social morality – as a rule of life – and economic mechanisms are inextricably linked: each is part of the other. Market capitalism is tightly bound to social morality through trust in social and economic institutions. Without trust, the market only functions in its most primitive form.


* * *

Naturally there are always objective premises for an economic crisis: both cyclical price movements and  tock market bubbles, which arise periodically and inevitably – and which burst just as inevitably. However, if everyone had done what they were supposed to have done, as prescribed by a sense of duty and conscience, such a crisis could have been averted.


Today, at the start of 2019, the key issue is that all the monstrous phenomena identified as the direct causes of the financial crisis ten years ago – which include the dependence of jobs and income in developed countries on the volatility of the financial markets, lax regulation, the dominance of the financial lobby, and the irresponsibility and impunity of senior management – are not only still in place, but are also growing.


Society and the state are incapable of fulfilling their functions to secure a safe and prosperous future, because the economy is now different and the outside world has changed. However, politicians and ruling elites, judging by the decisions that they have made, have not only failed to eliminate the causes of previous crises, but have also qualitatively failed to grasp the new trends in global economic and political developments. Failure to acknowledge these upheavals makes it impossible to avoid global economic crises, or even to rule out the possibility of large-scale war.

Read the full version of the article in the long read of Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site.