Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Grigory Yavlinsky officially nominated candidate to the post of President of the Russian Federation

Report from Yabloko’s pre-election congress

Today, on 22 December, the Yabloko party congress nominated Grigory Yavlinsky as candidate for the presidency of Russia. Such a decision was made the day before by congress delegates’ secret ballot voting. Today’s part of the congress was held at the World Trade Centre and attracted considerable attention of the public and the media. At the congress Yabloko’s leaders and allies expressed their support for Yavlinsky’s candidacy: according to most of the speakers, the main arguments in favour of Yavlinsky are his unique economic competence, his pragmatic view of foreign policy and high human qualities. Yavlinsky in his speech noted that the prime task on the post of the head of state should be overcoming poverty in the country.

Opening the event, Nikolai Rybakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko and head of Yabloko’s election headquarters, said that “the presidential campaign that we are starting today is important for each of us. This is a campaign for the future of our country.”

“We need new goals, and only a new leader can bring along the new goals. We have such a leader, it is Grigory Yavlinsky,” this is how Yabloko Chair Emilia Slabunova opened the debate.

“Yavlinsky knows everything the president needs to know. And the president needs to know the way to the future, rather than a path to the past. He should know how to properly build a team, rather than retinue. He should know how to make friends, not enemies, how to build a cooperation, not dependence. How to protect citizens, and not the purses of his friends,” Slabunova said.

“Yavlinsky is a true patriot,” Emilia Slabunova continued. “He could have been a fine, brilliant professor at Harvard or Cambridge, but his soul hurts for Russia.” We call on all Russian citizens to support the leader with whom Russia will have a future – a rich, prosperous and peaceful future. The future of Russia is Yavlinsky! ” Slabunova stressed.

Speaking after Yabloko Chair, Yevgeny Gontmakher, chief researcher of the Institute of the World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, noted that “Russia is facing a turning point” and explained “why it is Grigory Yavlinsky who meets the key tasks of Russia”:

“The first goal is peace. Today Russia is in war – this is about Ukraine, and [there are also] our other foreign policy adventures. We need a different foreign policy, so that we could normally develop as a European country. Grigory Yavlinsky have been always speaking about it,” Gontmakher said.

He stressed that he shared Yavlinsky’s economic views. He emphasized that the economy should work for every citizen, noting that Yavlinsky had long and successfully worked in the social sphere long before his political career: “Grigory Yavlinsky has a [proper] basis – he knows what it is when politics and economics are oriented toward people,” Gontmakher said.
Sergei Mitrokhin, leader of the Moscow branch of Yabloko and head of Yabloko’s Anti-Corruption Policy Centre, focused on other aspects of Grigory Yavlinsky’s participation in the presidential race.

“For many self-respecting, honest and thinking citizens of Russia, the forthcoming elections are not so much a political, but a moral problem,” Mitrokhin said marking not only Grigory Yavlinsky’s exclusive competencies in the field of economy and foreign policy, but also his “impeccable political reputation” and independence, as well as his personal courage as a politician. Sergei Mitrokhin, in particular, recalled that Grigory Yavlinsky risked his life rescuing Russian prisoners of war during the first was in Chechnya and children from the terrorists captured in Moscow at a theatre in Dubrovka.

Mitrokhin urged Russian voters to come to the polls on 18 March, “Our political system is built in such a way that we can not but participate in elections. If you sit at home, someone else will vote instead of you. Another hand will drop you ballot into the urn,” Sergei Mitrokhin said.

Yabloko allies also spoke at the congress. Independent politician Vladimir Ryzhkov was one of them. He called Yabloko and Grigory Yavlinsky the only Russian political force capable of leading the country out of the deadlock, society from apathy, and the economy from depression, and propose the nation the image of the future and the road to such a future. According to Ryzhkov, for over 20 years Yabloko had been taking a “consistent and valuable” stance at the most important stages of the country’s development.

Vladimir Ryzhkov also spoke against the idea of boycotting the elections. He indicated that such a strategy, was “immoral and destructive”. He promised that in these elections he would be Yavlinsky’s “agitator and activist” and called everyone to follow his example.

Ex-Mayor of Petrozavodsk Galina Shirshina in her speech returned to the topic of economy and its connection with the foreign policy. “It’s dangerous to live in our country now, because the economy depends on politics and absurd foreign political activities, rather than is centred around the interests of a people,” Shirshina said.
Being a notable regional politician, Galina Shirshina also noted that Yavlinsky’s programme paid special attention to the solution of local self-government problems.

Journalist Vladimir Mukusyev quite unexpectedly began his speech with an appeal to Vladimir Putin. He said that not just delegates, but “people whose support can not be bought” gathered at the congress, and also recalled that Grigory Yavlinsky’s programme 500 Days Plan had been offered to the leadership of the country as an alternative to the Yegor Gaidar “shock therapy” reforms in 1990.

“The country was at a cross-road then. What to do? There was no economic programme. Grigory Yavlinsky proposed his 500 Days programme, a programme offering a way out of this situation instead of mass rallies “Down with..!”. But not only this programme was not adopted, but not a single economic programme was adopted. And the whole country began to live on the principle of “rob what was robbed”, Mukusyev stated, expressing the hope that Yavlinsky’s unique professional and leadership qualities would still be in demand.

Igor Nikolayev, Professor of the Higher School of Economics and Doctor of Sciences, spoke about the economic part of Grigory Yavlinsky programme. He noted the principledness and perseverance with which Grigory Yavlinsky sought realization of his concepts, and also called Yavlinsky a like-minded economist “for the brain of bones”. According to Nikolayev, the economic crisis in the country is far from being over, and now, as never before, the country needs an economist who can offer professional solutions in this field.

Lev Shlosberg, MP of the Pskov Legislative Assembly and member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko, noted that the reforms proposed by Yavlinsky were the reforms in the interests of the majority of Russian society. “Our mission is to return the meaning to the state, politics, elections and the power. Return power to the people. President Yavlinsky is needed today for the majority of Russian citizens. President Yavlinsky will return peace to Russia. President Yavlinsky will make Russia free, and, therefore, will save it,” Lev Shlosberg said.

Politician Dmitry Gudkov noted that participation of Grigory Yavlinsky in the presidential elections would inevitably entail great difficulties connected with administrative pressure and propaganda. At the same time, Gudkov expressed his certainty that “Yavlinsky is doing everything right, because the campaign is a great chance to address people, show them an alternative in contrast to Russia’s rolling into an economic and political abyss.”

“For many years Yabloko has remained faithful to its principles. Having united with the [Yabloko] party and Grigory Yavlinsky at the State Duma elections [in 2016], we are together learning how to win again,” Gudkov said, referring to the successful September municipal campaign in Moscow. “This is just the first step, an important success story. Now we must consolidate and multiply these results”.

Academician Alexei Arbatov, member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko and head of the Centre for International Security of the Institute of the World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, singled out the foreign and military policies in Yavlinsky’s programme.

“A sensible foreign military policy has one main task: to ensure the conditions for economic prosperity and socio-political development of the country. It can not suck the juices out of its country, can not do it for the sake of flimsy geopolitical schemes and far-fetched global ideas,” Arbatov said, stressing that Russia’s foreign policy was facing a number of important tasks.

According to Arbatov, it is necessary to ensure political resolution of the crisis in Ukraine and around it, stop the political confrontation and the war of economic sanctions, stop Russia from being drawn into the hopeless wars in the Islamic South, get rid of the growing dependence on China and stop the new cycle of the arms race saving huge funds for peaceful purposes.

“It is necessary to do all this without undermining the prestige [of Russia] and without sacrificing Russia’s sovereignty, as it was in the past. I know only one presidential candidate who understands these tasks and is able to solve them – this is Grigory Alekseyevich Yavlinsky,” Acad. Arbatov said.

Alexander Gnezdilov, Deputy Chair of Yabloko and theatre director, noted that Grigory Yavlinsky’s programme was based on a combination of social and liberal approaches to politics: “The social part is important because Grigory Alexeyevich sympathises with other people. […] He is able to share the pain of another person. […] And the liberal part [of the programme] is important because Grigory Alekseyevich values human freedom, people’s right to elections. He does not seek to prejudge everything for us, but gives us the opportunity to be creative and act creatively,” Alexander Gnezdilov said, urging Russian citizens to come to polling stations on 18 March.

Grigory Yavlinsky began his speech with expressing gratitude to all those gathered at the congress and his supporters. The presidential candidate noted the key points of his presidential programme. He said that the first task that the future president would have to solve should be overcoming poverty.

“A quarter of families in Russia today assess their financial situation as bad and very bad,” Yavlinsky said. “30 per cent can not afford anything except food, 40 per cent of large families treat themselves as extremely poor. This figure is even higher for pensioners. 38 per cent can not pay housing and utilities bills,” Yavlinsky noted.

“There can not be a president in Russia who does not see and does not solve these tasks. The foundation of any economy and the evidence of growth is reduction of poverty,” Yavlinsky stressed proposing a number of definite measures to solve the problem.

Among other priorities, Yavlinsky highlighted curtailment of Russia’s sanctions-based confrontation with the West, implementation of a large-scale programme Land-Housing-Roads, including the project of gasification of Russia, provision of affordable healthcare and education, and increasing life expectancy. “The reforms for the majority – such has been the slogan of Yabloko since 1995,” Yavlinsky stressed.

“A year ago, over 50 per cent of Russians did not attend the elections to the State Duma. The country neglected this day. But did this boycott change anything? What did it mean? This meant giving up, skepticism, lack of faith in one’s own strength. All this only distanced us from the goal. Hence, it is us who will act further. It is time to begin. We have a lot of work in our home country. […] You just need to raise your head, straighten your shoulders, believe that Russians are not a dust in the wind. Together we can create a new Russia, create a country where our children and grandchildren will be proud of, where we and they will live together happily, where our dreams can become true. For this, today one thing is needed: to believe in the future and to believe in oneself,” Grigory Yavlinsky said.
After the congress, Grigory Yavlinsky handed to the Central Electoral Commission a set of documents required for participation in the elections.