Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Alexander Gnezdilov: Europe chooses social liberalism

Yabloko Deputy Chairman on the French presidential elections results

The new president of France Emmanuel Macron was inaugurated at the Élysée Palace on 14 May. The youngest president in the history of the Fifth Republic will turn 40 at the end of the year. Macron, with his evident social liberal and pro-European programme, won even a more decisive victory over Marine Le Pen in the second round than the pollsters had predicted gaining over 66 per cent of votes with the final turnout estimated at about 75 per cent


What should be noted in connection with Macron’s victory? Firstly, for the first time a social liberal advances to the forefront of the political scene in a large European country. For the first time in history this very word combination – social liberalism, sozialliberale – sounded so loudly and distinctly on the world’s leading TV channels on the night of Macron’s victory. It is a unique chance. And great responsibility.

For the first time in the history of the Fifth Republic the two largest traditional parties – the Socialists and the Republicans – were both ejected from the race in the first round. Of course, one may call it a historical accident. The center-right presidential candidate François Fillon failed to gain 1,5 per cent of votes in order to make it for the second round – corruption scandals prevented him from doing it. How can a politician, who has been paying salaries to his wife and children out of taxpayers’ money for years, promote a large-scale cutting of civil service positions? The failure of the Socialists may all the more be attributed to their unpopularity as a ruling party during 2012-2017. But these particular, specific circumstances in an individual country is part of the common situation in the western politics. And the situation is that both the left-wing forces (socialists, social democrats) and the right-wing forces (conservatives) face some very serious challenges.

The main challenge for the political left is impracticability of their promises, infeasibility of their programme. It is impossible to continue imposing higher taxes on the rich with impunity in times of globalization, free movement of people, circulation of capital, goods and services. They will simply take their manufactures and capitals to other countries. Their place will be taken by migrants [attracted by] social guarantees and the high level of life, which is becoming more difficult to maintain. The number of pensioners is growing dramatically because a large number of people, who were born after the Second World War, are retiring. The birth rate has not been very high for a long time. It means that the social burden on the economy is growing. Moreover, relocation of manufactures crates an increasing growth of unemployment, especially among young people. Maintenance of social guarantees requires getting into new and new debts – the extreme example is the situation with Greece. Actually, these are the important features of François Hollande’s presidency, for instance.

In such conditions the conservatives with their neo-liberal policy remain almost unopposed. But the lack of competition corrupts people. The corruption scandals surrounding the French right-wing politicians (Sarkozy, Fillon and others) reflect the situation with the People’s Party in Spain and the situation with Berlusconi in Italy in 2000. The growing gap between the society and the political elite, the increase of mutual alienation make the conservative parties a target for accusations of immorality and injustice, of the fact that their policy serves the interests of only the rich and big business, banks and corporations.

The first are ineffective, the second are immoral. Far-right or far-left demagogues, the opponents of peace and cooperation between the peoples of Europe, xenophobes, fans of utopias of the kind that led to a total crisis and poverty in Venezuela at the moment, are making the best of this crisis.

It is significant that there were not only the promises to “expropriate and divide everything” underpinning the sudden and significant success of the far-left candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who gained nearly 20 per cent in the first round. Re-establishment of the state, a peaceful and lawful formation of a new state system different from the Fifth Republic that exists today, with its extensive (according to the European standards!) presidential powers, lie in the centre of his programme. By the way, the Fifth Republic itself was founded this way in 1958 succeeding the post-war Fourth Republic of a purely parliamentary type.

As for the traditional parties, one should not think that it is the matter with the decline of traditional left and right-wing parties and their ideas. Social democracy and conservatism with neo-liberalism are very old ideologies, which managed to overcome crises more than once and found new answers at the new stages of development. But now it is evident that they need time in order to find these answers. And the pause that has sprung up cannot be filled with populists, who deny the values of personal freedom, human rights, tolerance within the society and democratic institutions.

This way there arises a demand for a new centre, for social liberalism. It is a creative combination of the most perspective left-wing and right-wing ideas, which is at the same time founded on reasonable compromises, it is a moderate centrist line.

Thus, for instance, Emmanuel Macron suggests giving up the constant discussions about the age of retirement in his programme, which deserves a most careful study. In the vein of liberalism, the focus on personal freedom and individual choice, Macron proposes to give a person a chance to make such an important decision as the age of retirement himself depending on his desires, opportunities, plans and pension savings which he managed to obtain while working. If a person has obtained enough, why cannot he retire at 50? But if he considers it right to continue working until he is 75 – why not?

Another innovation (however, it has already been tested by Matteo Renzi’s government in Italy) is a €500 “culture bonus” for young people that can be spent on museums, theatres, concerts and cinemas. Thus, the time when a young person is looking for a job may also became a time for self-evolution.

These are by no means all Macron’s ideas. He spoke about brilliant opportunities for France, which are possible at the moment, in his inauguration speech. He talked about the necessities of reforms in the EU that will make the idea of a European Union attractive again.

He is really facing these challenges, and they are very serious. Macron has very little time. Hollande’s rating began to crumble in about a year after he was elected. There are not too many countries, which are ready to wait for 18-19 years for a politician to fulfil his old promises. The triumph of social liberalism in the elections can easily come to grief in reality.

By the way, it is amazing that being a politician and a statesman is a very different thing. François Hollande turned out to be an unsuccessful, extremely unpopular president but he managed to provide a continuity of power during the campaign to an extent which was possible under the circumstances. He was opposed by the most popular French politician Alain Juppe, former president Nicolas Sarkozy, François Fillon, Marine Le Pen, Jean-Luc Melenchon, the fronde of Benoit Hamon and Arnaud Montebourg within his Socialist Party… As a result, a candidate who owes Hollande his career and treats him with respect won the race. It was a very spectacular victory by means of parliamentary, elective policy. It was not even affected by another WikiLeaks leak, which was published, by all appearances, with the help of hackers form Russia’s Ministry of the Defence, who did a disservice to our country.

It was for this reason that on Macron’s inauguration day the leaving president Hollande, perhaps, seemed to look like a winner more than the new resident of the Élysée Palace. Macron has no time to relax in comparison with the former president. Now he is facing another challenge, which will make it difficult to bring his presidential programme to life unless he succeeds.

The two rounds of parliamentary elections which will result into formation of a new government will take place in June. Macron’s movement En Marche! and his allies from François Bayrou’s Democratic Movement liberal party are facing two more rounds of hard struggle for the trust of a voter, for opportunities, which imply great responsibility in a democratic state.