Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

A Common Lot of Authoritarian States

Grigory Yavlinsky’s blog post,, 7.01.2022


Photo: The building of the Mayor’s office in Almaty. 6 January, 2021 // REUTERS / Pavel Mikheyev

The events in Kazakhstan have been developing rapidly. Yesterday morning the government was dismissed in order to extinguish the wave of discontent, and by nightfall, fighting began in different settlements of the country. Photos and videos from Kazakhstani mortuaries circulated online testify to a large number of victims.

Simultaneously with civil protests, marauders and pogromists are taking to the streets. The international airport in Almaty has been destroyed, banks are being smashed, shops are robbed, weapons are seized and distributed, there is shooting in the streets, and looks like that it does not necessarily come from the side of security forces. In general, the country is plunging into chaos.


It all started with the fact that three years ago the government of the Republic of Kazakhstan liberalised prices for liquefied gas and stopped subsidising them in order to stimulate private investment in this industrial sector. On 1 January this year, prices for liquefied gas, which many Kazakhstanis use instead of gasoline, became market prices. Quite unexpectedly for the authorities, a wave of discontent rose and quickly spread throughout the country.


What is happening in Kazakhstan is the inevitable common lot of weakening authoritarian dictatorships. A system relying on disrespect for the law on both sides and manipulation of power, laws that have been adopted in an undemocratic way for many years, falsified elections and life-long rule, ceases to function as soon as the power weakens. That’s when chaos ensues.


The situation in Kazakhstan is another lesson for everyone who believes that there may be “good” dictatorships. It is difficult to imagine a more cunning and experienced dictator than Nazarbayev. Sooner or later, the era of any authoritarian ruler ends – and the wretched political organism bursts into oblivion. This, certainly, does not mean at all that the order that will be established after the riot will be better. The likelihood of further clashes will remain high until real working democratic institutions are created in the country and a mechanism for regular legal change of power emerges.


The decision to send CSTO forces to Kazakhstan is a serious and unprecedented step. The President of Kazakhstan Tokayev, appealing to the CSTO member states for help, spoke about the suppression of the “terrorist threat”. Certainly, the versions of Western intervention have already been actively disseminated. But Kazakhstan is not an easy region. 35 years ago, in December 1986, when the Soviet communist regime was still in full force, mass protests took place in Alma-Ata without any “foreign terrorist threat” – the first in the USSR after the 1962 Novocherkassk massacre. About 200 protesters were killed and hundreds were injured then, as a result of violent clashes with the military. The reason for those protests was Moscow’s appointment of a Russian Gennady Kolbin from the Ulyanovsk Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR to the post of the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, instead of Dinmukhamed Kunayev, a Kazakh and a long-term leader. This means that it is unlikely that it will be possible to easily scare away the rebels in Kazakhstan. There can be many victims.


The difficulty is also in the fact that the CSTO is now headed by the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan, and the forces sent now to Kazakhstan are virtually represented by only the Russian and the Belarusian military. At the same time, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan will most likely try not to interfere in what is happening in Kazakhstan as much as possible. As a result, it will turn out that Russians and Belarusians will be suppressing the Kazakh revolution. This is just one step away from the transition of the conflict to a kind of a religious plane.


These developments will result in enhancing the uncertainty of Moscow’s position in negotiations with the United States next week, and then with NATO. But China may be the beneficiary of the events in Kazakhstan in the long term. Beijing does not suppress anyone, it does not participate in the “showdown”, but it is a very interested party, since it has been long and persistently present in the region.


Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO, Vice President of Liberal International, PhD in Economics, Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.