Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

“The aggressive foreign policy, repressive domestic policies and a dead-end economic policies will go on.”

Yabloko leaders about the new Russian government

Press Release, 17.05.2024

Photo: Vladimir Putin and members of the government during their working trip to China / Photo by Dmitry Azarov, Kommersant

This week the State Duma approved the new Russian government. The previous cabinet of ministers automatically resigned after the inauguration of President Vladimir Putin on 7 May. For the first time, the government has been entirely formed according to new rules fixed in the new version of the Constitution: now the State Duma votes not only for the candidacy of the prime minister, but also for all members of the cabinet, except for the security forces and the defence minister.

The most discussed appointment was the President’s candidacy for the post of Minister of Defence. On 12 May, Vladimir Putin proposed appointing Andrei Belousov as head of the Defence Ministry. Sergei Shoigu, who headed the Defence Ministry since 2012, was appointed Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation on 12 May.

Yabloko leaders comment on the new government and make forecasts for the development of Russia with the new cabinet of ministers.



There were no surprises in the appointment of government members, with the exception of the Ministry of Defence, and this is understandable. In the conditions of the special military operation, Vladimir Putin is relying on proven personnel and continuity of course. However, I will note several important plots here.


The military-industrial complex has been chosen as a strategic priority, which not only meets the needs of the special military operation, but is supposed to be the driver of economic growth and technological development of the country.


Turning east. China is a strategic partner for a long time. It is no coincidence that all key government officials fly with Vladimir Putin to Beijing immediately after their appointment.


The government remains male, with only three women. The course towards a tough, brutal, and militaristic policy will continue.

There is an emerging trend towards the transfer of power by inheritance from Putin’s inner circle.


To sum it all up, Vladimir Putin predictably proposed a conservative version of the government with a militaristic-protective bias. Read the full commentary in Anna Cherepanova’s Telegram channel. 




The only significant change in the government was the change of the Minister of Defence. Replacing Sergei Shoigu with Andrei Belousov means strengthening the military-industrial complex and strengthening the policy towards militarisation of the economy


Belousov was appointed to do this and restore order in the “defence” sector, where all spending is classified, and this provides enormous opportunities for theft. Apparently, the scale is such that the first person in the ministry had to be changed.


All other changes in the government were technical, just like the government itself in the political system of the recent years. It can be shuffled by the President at any time. The amendments made to the Constitution that the State Duma approves deputy prime ministers and most of the ministers are obviously a farce under the current State Duma, because even if tomorrow, as Emperor Caligula once did, they propose appointing a horse as a minister, they will approve the horse. This is, of course, a joke, but not very far from the truth.


Another thing is that when times change and there is a different parliament, this norm will be useful, because the parliament should control the government and approve ministers, including key ones, who are removed from parliamentary control today and report only to the President.


I would also draw your attention to the fact that an outspoken obscurantist, Yelena Yampolskaya, was appointed as a Presidential Adviser on Culture. This is a person with a monstrous, from my point of view, reactionary-conservative political position, which she showed as Chair of the State Duma committee. In particular, she is one of the authors of the idea to prohibit libraries from lending books written by those declared “foreign agents”. But… the times and the president condition the cultural advisers.




Attempts to decipher the meaning of personnel appointments in the government under Vladimir Putin are similar to reading hieroglyphs by key specialists in the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabets. But everyone pretends to know hieroglyphs. In fact, no knowledge of hieroglyphs is needed to understand the process. Everything that happens now is routine and does not contain anything fundamentally new.


Clearly, there is a struggle between clans around Putin, they are trying to get as close as possible to the first person and get an allotment for feeding. Like any clans in a corporate state, the clans in the Vladimir Putin’s system were, if not created, then sanctioned by him. These are all the “king’s musketeers”. Their struggle among themselves is conditional; they fight only for a place at the throne with the explicit consent of the ruling emperor. Everyone is equal before the emperor because they are equal to zero…


Read the full commentary in Lev Shlosberg’s Telegram channel.


… The appointment of Andrei Belousov to the post of Defence Minister means that Vladimir Putin remains the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation – both as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief and as the only politician making systemic decisions in power.


Belousov’s appontment to the post of Minister of Defence means that Vladimir Putin no longer has any illusions about the imminent completion of the military operation and the achievement of its goals. The new wartime has come for a long time – for many years ahead. It requires a strategic restructuring of the national economy in the long term, but the generals are not able to do this job. They can spend any money, but they cannot collect anything. And here harvest must be reaped several times a year. This job requires a combine operator with special professional qualities and skills. Not market ones, but state ones. Putin saw such a financial combiner in Belousov. The Minister of Defence and War Economy in wartime.


That is, Belousov is assigned a special mission: to fill the military operation with a new lease of life… To implement in modern times the slogan of the past century: “Everything for the front, everything for victory”. Belousov consented. Read the full commentary in Lev Shlosberg’s Telegram channel. 




All these changes in the government and the Presidential Administration, in my opinion, attract undue attention. This is due to the fact that this happens in our country quite rarely, since political life has turned into an impassable quagmire. And any fuss around the ministerial chairs causes an excessive reaction from all sides.


Russia has not had an institution of full-fledged separation of powers for a long time. Parliament has not fulfilled its functions for a long time, and the government does not determine the country’s policy. All key decisions are made by a narrow circle of non-public people.


In any non-democratic system, such changes raise a wave of conspiracy theories and made-up versions. But only subsequent work will show what policy will actually be pursued.


The main thing to note is that there will be no significant changes. The aggressive foreign policy, repressive domestic policies and a dead-end economic policies will go on. And it is no longer so important what personnel in the government will implement all this.




The Cabinet has been formed. The main appointments have been made. What’s next?


Basing on the Decree “On the national development goals of the Russian Federation until 2030 and for the future until 2036,” there is no hope for a noticeable increase in the living standards and quality of life either by 2030 or by 2036.


Just think about it, it is promised to reduce in six years (!) the number of poor families with many children to 12%. You are not mistaken – there is no comma between the two numbers. Twelve percent of such families will be poor in six years! And by 2036 – in 12 years – the number of such families will be reduced to only 8%. All this is in the richest country with the most talented people, and even amid calls to have more children and create large families!


The prospects for the minimum wage are no better – 36,000 roubles in 2030.


By the end of 2030, only 50 hazardous objects with accumulated environmental damage will be eliminated, although there are about 1,000 of them in the register, i.e. only 5%, and 50% of sorted municipal solid waste will remain there with the right to their burial; 25% of waste will be used as secondary resources, and where the other 25% will go remains a question; 40% of regional or intermunicipal roads will remain in substandard maintenance, and local roads have not even been remembered. I will not further upset those who have not read the document.


There is one only word to it: stability.




There are so many surprised exclamations and questions in connection with the appointment of economist Andrei Belousov to the post of Minister of Defence.


At least some of them disappear if one reads Belousov’s interview with RBC last year. There, Andrei Belousov talks, for example, about what Russia can offer the world:


“We have our own cultural code. Own cultural identity, which the vast majority of countries and peoples do not have. <…> By the way, [writer] Fyodor Dostoevsky felt it very well. Dostoevsky’s emotion, especially in such a work as “A Writer’s Diary”, is expressed there in a simply 100% refined manner.”


I have to agree with this second part of Belousov’s quote. Indeed, the ideological essence of Dostoevsky’s ideas is nowhere as fully revealed as in “A Writer’s Diary”.


[Let me note, just in case, that this is not Dostoevsky’s real personal diary, but his journalistic work in the diary genre, published in 1873-1881, first as a magazine column, and from 1876 as a separate author’s journal.]


… This cultural code is clear: militarism, chauvinism and anti-Semitism.


Read the full commentary in Alexander Gnezdilov’s Telegram channel.