Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Nikolai Rybakov: “The main purpose of the party’s work today is to stop the bloodshed”.

Press Release, 16.04.2022

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

At the beginning of his speech at the 21st Party Congress, Yabloko Party Chairman Nikolai Rybakov drew the delegates’ attention to a printed replica of Pablo Picasso’s Guernica, which was placed on the wall instead of the traditional banner with Yabloko party symbols.

“Today’s fate of many cities in Ukraine – Mariupol and Chernihiv, the most ancient city of the ancient Kievan Rus state, repeats the fate of Guernica. Opening our congress, we must speak about all those who died in this massacre. Civilian and military, Ukrainians and Russians, children, women, men, young and old. Those who was bemauled, wounded, raped, became a refugee, who is now hiding from the shells in the basements. There are millions of them. We are their voice in Russia, of those who are dying and praying for peace,” Yabloko Chairman said.

Nikolai Rybakov noted that for Russian citizens what was happening represented people’s payment for lack of will, for their unwillingness to understand what was happening, change their lives and bear responsibility for the country, it was a payment for their passivity and doublethink.


The leader of the party said that Yabloko activists fighting for peace had been subjected to unprecedented pressure from the law enforcement. This pressure was the hardest and the most massive in the almost 30-year history of the party. Several dozen Yabloko members across the country had to face prosecution: detentions, arrests, searches, denunciations, assaults, and fines for their political activities.


The head of the party noted that for many years Yabloko had been warning the public about the dangerous policies of Vladimir Putin, and fought for peace, including in the presidential elections in 2018, as well as in the elections to the State Duma in 2016 and 2021. Rybakov addressed the delegates of the congress:


“We didn’t manage to do everything we could. We had to talk about the danger on a broader scale and even louder. But [in elections] people have made the choice they have made. Certainly, not only voters bear a huge responsibility for this, but also those who called on people to vote for “non-freedom”, thinking that freedom would suddenly emerge after that. I am talking about the people who are responsible for their so-called Smart Voting” [voting for any candidates indicated by Alexei Navalny’s team as popular and able to win against the ruling party, however, these candidates turned out to be mostly communists-Stalinists and supporters of the ruling party under different names, as a result the ruling party turned out to get even more mandates in the State Duma and the communists’ faction grew considerably, but democrats did not pass into the new Duma].


After the Duma elections, Yabloko continued the activities within the framework of its anti-war stance. There was organised a collection of signatures, and within a short term 85,000 people provided their personal data signing Yabloko’s petition and expressed their solidarity with the party stance. Academicians, journalists, managers, politicians, famous actors, doctors of sciences, musicians, writers, deputies and many other representatives of different professions were not afraid to protest against what was happening.


Members of the party, who continue to conduct active political work in the regions, demonstrate great courage. At the same time, the party stance receives support during the elections. For example, our candidate Ksenia Cherepanova campaigned in the by-elections in Novgorod under the slogan “For Peace” and received more than 10% of the vote, coming second.


Deputies from Yabloko in regional parliaments have been continuously opposing the ruling majority in their parliaments: Alexander Shishlov and Boris Vishnevsky in St. Petersburg, Emilia Slabunova in Karelia, Artur Gaiduk in the Pskov region, and deputies of the Yabloko faction in the Moscow City Duma.


“I think many of you know about the speech of Sergei Mitrokhin, MP of the Moscow City Duma, at a meeting of the Moscow parliament. I think this is a very courageous and honest act of a politician. I am very grateful to all of you that you make it clear to people that Yabloko is not broken, and despite the pressure, it continues to carry out its work and is not afraid to do it for the sake of people, for the sake of saving lives, for the sake of the future of our country,” Rybakov emphasised.


Yabloko members continue using every opportunity to speak in the media, as well as on social networks where Yabloko daily publishes official UN data on the number of victims.


Nikolai Rybakov noted the enormous work carried out by the founder of the party Grigory Yavlinsky:


“Grigory Yavlinsky is an absolute example of a person in politics who does not change his beliefs and his values, despite all the hard changes and risks that come with it. And I hope that all this will lead to the results for which he works and we all work together.”


The party tried to find new forms of explaining people of what happened. One of the examples was the performance My Opposition staged by Alexander Gnezdilov, a member of the Federal Political Committee of the Party and theater director, based on the anti-fascist and anti-war diary of Friedrich Kellner (1885 – 1970). The premiere broadcast of the performance took place on the party YouTube channel on 2 March, 2022.


The Federal Party University continued its work. The Chairman appreciated the lectures of the University that are in high demand in the present situation:

“The demand [for such lectures] has been growing. Many young people want to find themselves in the world, they want to understand what is happening and turn their attention to Yabloko as a party that has taken a consistent stance, where you can get political education and work together with Yabloko so that we could together change the future of our country.”


The Yabloko leader also spoke about the seven actions that party members need to focus on today sp that peace could come as soon as possible:


– carrying out constant awareness-raising campaign;


–  saving and supporting party members;


– safety for activists;


– support for federal initiatives of the party in each regional branch;


– uniting around the party those who agree in the assessment of  the causes of what is happening and stand for peace;


– public political stance;


– political education and raising awareness campaigns.


In conclusion of his speech, Nikolai Rybakov congratulated Svetlana Gannushkina, a member of the Federal Political Committee and Chair of the Civic Assistance Committee, and Grigory Yavlinsky, Chairman of the Federal Political Committee and founder of the party, on their past anniversaries.


The Chairman of Yabloko thanked the regional branches and activists of the party for their selfless activities, their stance, their courage and devotion, and pickets and public political activities. According to Nikolai Rybakov, there is no other such political force in the country. He also added that the responsibility of the Yabloko party was in continuing its work and taking care of people.