Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

YABLOKO’s Galina Mikhaleva on Russia-EU relations: the word “democracy” has lost its meaning for Russia and the EU

Press Release, October 1, 2013

Galina Mikhaleva, Secretary of YABLOKO’s Political Committee, participated in the International Conference “Russia-EU: the Prospects for Cooperation” which took place in Moscow on September 30. The event was organised by University of People’s Friendship, the University of Potsdam and Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland.image









Galina Mikvaleva began her report with a brief outlook of Russia-EU relations. “I should say that for both the sides it was a way full of illusions and unfulfilled projects”. She also noted that it all had started with big hopes and ideas about common goals.

Mikhaleva said that the real situation had been increasingly drifting apart from the aims and goals stated in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement of 1994. The agreement stipulated common values connected with democracy. Two different strategies were adopted in 2000: European Union’s strategy towards Russia and Russia’s strategy towards the EU. “If we compare these documents, we can see that the democratic values in the EU’s document are still there. But the Russian document we can see the word “democracy” only once – in the preamble. In general [the Russian text] runs about economic cooperation. The relations are focused first of all on the economy, the energy sector and the security”, explained Mikhaleva. In mid 2000s it was announced that Russia and the EU had common economic space. “There even was a road map”, she said.image









Mikhaleva assessed the present situation as a space “with three distorting mirrors”: “Russia’s view on what the EU wants is very much different from the EU’s view on what Russia wants, as well as self-evaluations of both the sides which also differ”.

She stated that both the sides had transferred to the Realpolitik practices. This means that the relations are focused on the profit the state may get. “When Russia-EU summits take place it looks like the word “democracy” does not mean anything for both the sides, it is almost like “how do you do” for them”.image









Russia prefers bilateral relations which are often based on personal conections. The main problem is the inability to see what happens in the field of politics and the attempt to separate economics from politics. “This is the trap the EU has been caught in. It is normally assumed that Russia’s institutions work in the same way as in the European Union countries, but this is not like this”, Mikhaleva said.

According to Mikhaleva, in Russia’s situation the economy totally depends on politics. Mikhaleva gave an example of relations between the EU and China: when the EU develops its relations with China, it is understood that China is not a democratic state. However, in its relationships with Russia the EU somehow hesitates “to call a spade a spade”.

Mikhaleva believes that Russia and the EU are dependent on each other: “Russia has what to sell, but if the West did not buy, there would have been no dependency. In this situation Russia acts from the position of power and can put pressure on Europe”.image









Speaking about the new challenges for the EU Mikhaleva noted the consequences of the crises in Europe, the threat of disintegration, the attempts of conversion to alternative sources of energy connected with the desire to get rid of its dependence on Russia’s deliveries of fuels, as well as the Eastern Partnership programme and a low efficiency of the Eurasian Union.

Speaking about Russia’s domestic policies Mikhaleva also mentioned the increasing concern of other countries. The reasons for this are lawsuits against opposition activists, prosecution of dissenting artists and policies towards the LGBT community.

Summing up Mikhaleva noted that throughout its history Russia had always had close relations with Europe, long before the EU. “From this point I am optimistic about the future, despite the hard situation, because these relations are between people rather than governments. And people are interested in this”, she said.

Representatives of inter-state institutions, Russia’s state power bodies, domestic and international research centres, public organisations and universities took part in the conference.image









Michael Webb, representative of the EU Delegation to Russia, made a report “The Trends and Prospects of the EU-Russia Dialogue”. Bogdan Koshel from Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, gave his view on what the “European dimension” in the context of the Russia-Germany dialogue was. Daniel Bak from The Bordeaux Institute of Political Studies spoke about neopatrimonialism in the “developing” and developed countries. In addition, representatives of such well-known universities and organisations took part in the conference: I. Busigina (Moscow State University of Foreign Affairs), V.Petrov (Eurasian Economic Commission), V.Zuyev (Higher School of Economics), T.Vladislavleva (Moscow State Linguistic University), S.Gavrov (Novgorod State University), Caroline Dufy (The Bordeaux Institute of Political Studies), D.Kazarinova (University of People’s Friendship), Anna Dmitriyeva (The University of Potsdam), M.Ksiznyakevich (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan) and V.Fedortsev (the Baltic Centre).