Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko’s Federal Political Committee on the past presidential elections: a plebiscite on support of the personality of the current President was held on 18 March, rather than presidential election

Decision of the Federal Political Committee No 103, 23.03.2018

The Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko regards the voting that took place on 18 March as a plebiscite held within the framework of an authoritarian system turning into a totalitarian one.

The system formed in Russia does not allow free, competitive, fair and real elections.

Putin’s regime bases its legitimacy not on the free choice of citizens, but on ousting [Russian] citizens from the adoption of key political decisions, primarily on the formation of power.

There has been no freedom of the media and independent sources of financing for political and civil organisations, and independent court in Russia for a long time already; mass-scale [election] fraud has been covered from above and electoral commissions are virtually being integrated into the administrative vertical.

We and all who follow the developments in our country know that not all the parties were really collecting signatures and managed to collect them [so that their candidates were registered in the election campaign]. There were persons and organisations registered as participants in elections who did not fulfill even those requirements for collecting signatures envisaged in Russian laws. The authorities closed their eyes on it because they needed underparts to turn the official campaign held in the federal media into a senseless show, where Vladimir Putin demonstratively did not take part.

Consciously and purposefully, efforts were taken to cut off opposition-minded people of European views from participation in the campaign.

Seeing the public’s request for the change and solution of growing social and economic problems, the authorities pushed this request to the background, artificially creating in Russia an atmosphere of fear and threat to the country’s security – through large-scale state propaganda, military adventurism, militarisation of consciousness and a foreign policy crisis.

Neglecting the law, the authorities and state-run media participated in the election campaign in the role of Putin’s election headquarters. Before there had never been so many films about Putin broadcast on television keeping in mind presidential elections, even on the Day of Silence [on the threashold of the voting day when any campaigning is prohibited], never before had Rossiyskaya Gazeta been transformed into the propaganda newspaper of the incumbent president.

The officially announced results not merely raise doubts: in the present situation there are reasons to distrust touchscreen voting machines (KOIBs) and perceive the State Automated Election System (GAS Vibory) and touchscreen voting machines (and up to 35 million people voted with the help of these machines) as programmable tools for managing the voting results. Electronic intervention and adjustment of results in the Russian elections is very likely and quite in line with the doping scandals, “trolls and bots factories”, hacking manipulations and other state adventures. This is not to mention other well-tried ways of fraud: as, for example, in Saratov in the State Duma elections in 2016, when 140 electoral precincts yielded absolutely the same results for the [ruling] United Russia party, coinciding up to the basis points of percentage.

Being well aware of all this, we set ourselves the task of making the most of the procedure organised by the government for [our] political purposes.

We demonstrated to our compatriots the threats to their future and ways to overcome them, the existence of an alternative to the domestic and foreign policies of Putin’s regime, the possibility for creation of a strong, steadily developing economy in Russia, overcoming poverty, and improving the living standards for the majority of Russians.

We provided people not just promises and slogans, but detailed and carefully calculated programmes and draft laws. We developed and economically justified the programme of urgent measures to combat poverty, such programmes of the national scale as Housing-Land-Roads and Gas to Every Home, created a map of the budgetary capacity of the Russian regions, calculated the real volume of possible increases in expenditures for healthcare, education and social sphere. We offered people the image of the future – freedom, creativity, equality of opportunity and life without fear – and showed the way to a dignified future.

We directly linked the real prospects of a dignified life with the cessation of aggressive foreign policy, incitement of war in Donbass, militarization of the country, need for peace with Ukraine and other neighbours, and withdrawal of the Russian army and Russian citizens from Syria. We proposed a concrete, expertly developed plan on all the key issues.

We used the presidential campaign to distribute our information materials as widely as possible, in particular, we distributed nearly 34 million copies of printed materials throughout Russia. We used all available  opportunities for voicing our stance in the all-Russian and regional electronic mass media. We conducted an active work on the Internet. Over 30 million users read our materials published in the social networks. Our candidate traveled dozens of Russian cities and met with voters in each of them.

Our discussions with people were serious and informative, we managed to distance ourselves from the “political circus”.

The key result of this campaign conducted in the conditions that have developed in Russia by 2018 are millions of people who heard us.

Certainly, there are many people poisoned by propagandistic lies that the official mass media broadcast and publish around the clock, but what we need to overcome first of all is not voters’ support for Putin, but their disbelief in the possibility of implementing an alternative.

Without seeing any other future, any prospects, people adjust to what they have.

In such circumstances, it would be naive and counterproductive to regard the results that will be announced by the Central Election Commission today, AS THE REAL RESULTS OF THE ELECTION.

The immediate perspective is difficult for all sensible and responsible people in Russia. It is aggravated by the refusal of some of the opposition-minded and dissatisfied citizens to use their vote to support the alternative. The regime has been striving for this purposefully and will now use the obtained result so that to state that there are very few active supporters of a democratic alternative in Russia. It will go on driving the European-oriented opposition into the subcultural ghetto, cutting it off from the country.

Reprisals will increase, provocations with subsequent crushing of political and civil organisations and persecution of activists are very likely.

We realise this and are ready for such developments.

However, we also realise the following:

– irremovability of power leads to decay, increase of corruption and disintegration;

– governing of a huge country implemented by one person only can not be efficient;

– isolated from the world and crushed by Putin’s policy, the Russian economy will stagnate;

– militarisation of the economy, society and consciousness, the declared arms race, confrontation with virtually the entire world have brought Russia to the verge of a real big war that can begin at any moment even for an incidental reason;

– the problems faced by the Russians will multiply, rather than be solved;

– the gap between the authorities and people will be growing;

– absence of the mechanisms to influence the authorities, and even channels of expression of discontent will create a situation of a sealed boiler.

All this creates huge risks for the Russian state as such, but at the same time, it also denotes the natural boundaries of the Putin system.

The Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO believes that:

  1. On 18 March, a plebiscite was held regarding the support of the personality of the current president. The results of this vote are not the results of the election.
  2. We note with great concern the threats that Russia will inevitably face in the very near future.
  3. The work we conducted during this campaign is extremely important. This is a work for the perspective and the future. This is work with the soil on which a new Russian policy can grow.


We thank all those who participated in the campaign of Grigory Yavlinsky and supported us, and we call all such people to maintain their self-confidence and their confidence in our common cause.

We have made a step forward: a difficult, but real and meaningful step.

We must continue pursuing our goal, using all available opportunities. And we will go on doing so!


Believe in yourself!


Boris Misnik,

Coordinator of the Federal Political Committee,