Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko’s 25th anniversary

Decision by Yabloko Federal Council, 21.12.2018

Yabloko’s 25th anniversary takes place at a time that is not festive. At the same time, a quarter of a century is an important line to sum ups the results and estimate our abilities. It is important for us and for the country in general.

Our country is involved in two wars. Vladimir Putin’s policy blocks all attempts to lead the economy out of crisis. People are becoming more poor, they lose perspectives, and faith in a decent future for Russia.

Unfortunately, today we can state that the 25 years of the post-Soviet modernisation ended with a failure.

Apart from the historic preconditions and big objective difficulties which the country faced, the people who carried the reforms bear significant or probably the main responsibility. They made decisions that did not agree with professionalism, common sense, the interests of 150 million people and the future of Russia. The hyperinflation of 1992 and the criminal privatisation created the foundation for a mafia state and destined the post-Soviet modernisation for a failure.

Russia got an authoritarian and bureaucratic monster containing the worst features of the Soviet system instead of a modern European state. The heirs of Bolsheviks came to power. The treat people as material and put self-preservation above people’s wellbeing and national interests. Public affairs are being destroyed.

All these years Yabloko was an alternative to what was happening – this alternative ha snot been brought to life but it is efficient and realistic.

The initial goal of Yabloko was to continue implementing a well-designed and realistic alternative programme in the interests of the majority of people in the country. These programmes offered the society a different outlook on the market reforms and free-market economy. The reforms based on equality of all people before the law, transparency, competition, they were socially oriented.

The principles of honesty, transparency, competition, responsibility to the voters is foundation of our understating of politics.

Yabloko has opposed war openly, consistently and without any compromise. What is more, Yabloko’s representatives and leaders saved the lives of Russian military men and civilians that fell victims of the militaristic policy of the states.

The elections of 1993 and 1995 proved that the programme put forward by the democratic opposition was welcomed by people. That programme had prospects for growth. At a later stage millions of people voted for Yabloko and they continue doing so now. We are really grateful for this.

However, pseudo-reforms that were brought about in the interests of animated circle of people, a gap between the government and the absolute majority of people, the war in Chechnya resulted in the negligence of the democratic principles in Russia’s system of governance.

In 1996, 1999, 2000s those people who were in power and those who supported them made a conscious choice based on distrust in the country. They considered that those citizens who support democratic vales are a minority. They wanted to preserve their power at any price.

The system was based on the lack of checks and balances and privity property. Its aim was to make an illegitimate, non-transparent and semi-criminal privatisation lawful in the eyes of people. This system was not interested in developing a modern European democratic state. They showed off and created decorations but strengthened illegal institutions. These insinuations have become real and defined the essence of Russia’s state in the 21st century.

Yabloko has been the defender of European values, democracy, competition and an alternative to the policy that is leading nowhere.

We fought the elements of a mafia state. Our colleagues Larisa Yudina, Alexander Karasev, Timur Kuashev, Yuri Shchekochikhin, Farid Babayev lost their lives in this fight. We commemorate Galina Starovoitova, Anna Politkovskaya, Natalya Estemirova, Boris Nemtosov and all other people who were struggling against this criminal authoritarian system.

We warned the society against flirting with imperial nostalgia, nationalism, Stalinism and other manifestation of Bolshevism.

We opposed the attacks of the state on independent journalists and media freedom. We did not look for immediate benefit and did not hide behind empty words.

Yabloko played an important role in bringing the country together, Russia’s caring out an independent foreign policy, protecting people from the arbitrary rule of monopolies, creation of public control preservation of a real multi-party system.

Yabloko was the only political force in Russia that opposed the second Chechen war, cynical provocations, special operations, military actions and historic propaganda aimed at achieving internal gaols.

Our party continue functioning in most complex regions of Russia, including the Chechen Republic.

We were the only political representative of the citizens with a programme and a personal alternative to Vladimir Putin in the key moments of Russia’s history when the society has a change to change its course with their will – in 2000 and 2012.

The opposed turning the presidential election 2018 in a referendum in support of Putin. We warned the society that political indifference will be used by the authoritarian government to strengthen the dictatorship of the absolute majority.

We warned them that destroying the healthcare system and lowering social standard does not lead to social wellbeing.

It turned out that we were right.

The fact that we are right from the historic point of view does not give us any material or organisations benefits. However, out understanding of the situation, realising responsibility for the country that was betrayed by the elite more than once, allows us to give precision estimations without any compromise concerning the situation in the country and its future.

Today we live in a country that is involved in wars and has become victim of a mafia state. The policy of the government is on the edge of war. They are ready to engage in a big war, including a nuclear war, to preserve their power.

At the same time, such a sad end of the post-soviet modernisation period does not imply that our country has no hope for the future. Russia is not limited by its current government and its propaganda.

The current political model is aimed at cornering voters, depriving them of any alternative. Today’s policy is not simply the formula “Putin is Russia, Russia is Putin”, it is also based on division, animosity, confrontation, mutual hatred and lowering of social standards.

We offer a principally different ethical dimension of politics and public life. Today morality, spirituality, political and human ethics turned into empty words, they irritate many people. At some point the same thing happened to the words like “freedom” and “democracy”. However, everyone feels the connection between the lack of conscience and the lack of freedom.

Our mission is to alter the country by means of trust, love and respect. We should establish the principles for a new national elite. The main principle for this elite should not be the size of their capital but their attitude to people.

We come up with the proposal that has not been brought to life yet. Democratic values and slogans should be created on the principles of democracy.

It will be a new era both for Yabloko and the whole country.

We are coming to a new time in history relying on our voters and the majority of citizens in our country. We will continue working in their interests.

Emilia Slabunova
Yabloko Chair