Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko to challenge in the Supreme Court the resolution of the Central Electoral Commission on the three-day voting in the elections

Press Release, 9.09.2020

The Yabloko party is challenging in the Supreme Court the resolution of the Central Electoral Commission  to hold a three-day voting. The plaintiffs are Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov and candidates for municipal deputies of two cities near Moscow – Elektrostal and Shatura – Alexander Gunko and Svetlana Smirnova, respectively.

The plaintiffs ask the Supreme Court to declare the Central Electoral Commission’s resolution unlawful and invalid, since it violates the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of voters and candidates in elections and contradicts the federal law “On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights”.


The resolution on three-day voting violates three rights guaranteed by the law “On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights”:


– The right to elect and be elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot (Clause 1 of Article 3, and Article 7)

– The right to observe elections (Clause 28 of Article 2, and Clause 4 of Article 30)

– The right to participate in pre-election campaigning on equal terms (Clause 28 of Article 2, and Article 48).


According to the law, the Central Electoral Commission by its resolution had to define as clearly as possible how early voting should take place, including that outside precincts premises, so that it would not cause doubts and complaints from either candidates or voters.


Voting on the notorious tree stumps and car trunks or, according to the decree, “in the adjacent territories” and “in the settlements”, rules out the control by observers. The Central Electoral Commission’s resolution does not establish criteria for assigning certain places to these categories, or determine the procedure and timing of publication of information, where and when such a vote will take place. This means that voting will take place at the discretion of the lower electoral commissions – wherever and whenever they want. Such a vote violates the right to full-fledged observation and makes the elections non-transparent.


In addition, the resolution of the Central Electoral Commission does not contain clear rules establishing the maximum number of portable ballot boxes, which creates additional opportunities for manipulation and for replacing both ballots and entire boxes with ballots.


The resolution also does not envisage the use of opaque envelopes for ballots of voters who voted early. It also lacks other sufficient provisions for the storage of ballots, for example, at night, which would rule out distortion of the will of the voter. The use of security bags, which was invented by the Central Electoral Commission, represents “a cynical substitution of the guarantee of non-interference established by law,” since it does not rule out access to unsealed ballots. All of this violates the right to voting by secret ballot and to be elected honestly and openly, without manipulation.


Yabloko also states in the lawsuit that early voting should not replace voting on election day. A single voting day reduces the risks of forcing voters to participate in elections and creates opportunities to prevent fraud through public observation. The prolongation of the procedure in time grossly violates these guarantees.


First, at least one in three voting days turns out to be a working day, making it easier for employers to force their workers to vote for certain candidates.


Second, the three-day voting excludes public control over the inviolability of ballot boxes at night.


Thus, the entire text of the Central Electoral Commission’s resolution is drafted in such a way that it contains no guarantees provided by law for ensuring electoral rights, such as the right to observe elections, the right to campaign, and the secrecy of voting.


The plaintiffs from Yabloko emphasise that the introduction of new types of voting made it impossible for the candidates’ headquarters to control the elections, since the party has no information about where and when the voting will take place.


The right to participate in pre-election campaigning on equal basis is violated by the fact that in planning and conducting campaigns, it is normal to use most of the resources on the day preceding the “day of silence”. However, the new rules shorten the campaign period for a significant part of voters who voted early.