Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko presented its concept of electoral reform to politicians and political technologists

Press Release, 18.04.2019

Photo: Yelena Dubrovina

On 16 April, Yabloko held a discussion on the Concept of reforming the electoral system of the Russian Federation. Dr. Yelena Dubrovina, member of the Central Electoral Commission of Russia in 1999–2016, head of the Centre for Legislative Initiatives of the Yabloko Party and  member of its Federal Political Committee, presented draft amendments to the electoral legislation.

The draft has already been submitted to experts in the field of electoral processes, at the Federal Council of Yabloko in December 2018, as well as to members of the Federal Political Committee of the party. This time the party invited politicians and political consultants to a discussion.


The main goal of the reform proposed by Yabloko’s Centre for Legislative Initiatives is the reduction of the impact of the administrative resource on the result of the voting and transformation the “faked elections” into “real elections”. In view of this Yelena Dubrovina proposed transformation of the electoral system in order to return lections to competitive basis. She also proposed to reform the electoral system: to recognise the inconsistency of monopolisation of all electoral actions by electoral commissions, create other electoral bodies to perform certain functions in the electoral process with strict adherence to the principle of equal representation of parliamentary and non-parliamentary parties in such bodies.

Photo: Yelena Dubrovina and Emilia Slabunova


Dubrovina also proposed to amend the Constitution, supplementing the text of the Basic Law with a new Chapter – Chapter 3.1. In the opinion of the author of the draft, the new chapter should reflect the list of public authorities elected by the population, impose a ban on forced voting and election campaigning by the authorities. Also the Constitution should envisage the obligation of the media to ensure equal opportunities for candidates in elections in covering their campaigns.


In addition, Yelena Dubrovina also proposed to transfer to the declarative nature of voter registration, following the example of some European countries, such as France and the United Kingdom. This measure will reduce the possibility of using ballots of citizens who do not participate in elections for falsifying the results. Such pre-registration will help increase voter accountability for the electoral process.


The party also advocates complete abolition of the municipal filter, the right to create electoral blocs for political parties, introduction of electoral pledges, and reduction of the election threashold for political parties to 2 per cent.


The meeting was attended by Emilia Slabunova, Chair of the Yabloko party, Igor Mintusov, President of the European Association of Political Consultants,  politician Gennady Gudkov, Dmitry Gudkov, Chairman of the Party of Changes, Konstantin Merzlikin, Deputy Chairman of the PARNAS party, Roman Smirnov, President of the Political Lawyers Association, Alexei Kurtov, President of the Russian Association of Political Advisers,  Boris Nadezhdin, President of the Institute for Regional Projects and Legislation, Irina Alebastrova, expert in the field of constitutional law and Professor of the Higher School of Economics, Nikolai Vasilyev, municipal deputy of the Moscow municipal district Presnensky, Vyacheslav Igrunov, Director of the Institute of Humanitarian and Political Studies, and Boris Misnik, Coordinator of the Federal Political Committee of the Yabloko party.

Photo: Igor Mintusov


In general the experts approved most of the provisions of the presented Concept, noting the need to refine some of the wording. However, some of them expressed doubts about the possibility to drastically change the situation with elections solely through changes in legislation. Boris Nadezhdin, for example, said that 90 per cent of the problems in the electoral system were in the field of law enforcement, of which 40 per cent were attributed to the use of administrative resource, and 50 per cent to fraud.

Photo: Dmitry Gudkov and Gennady Gudkov


“The opposition can be considered real, and not a toy, when it can develop serious documents, that can be used by the present government any time. It is necessary to develop an alternative that can be used when coming to power,” Vyacheslav Igrunov, Director of the Institute for Humanitarian and Political Studies, noted.

Photo: Vyacheslav Igrunov


Photo: Alexei Kurtov


Photo: Konstantin Merzlikin