Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko leaders spoke about the upcoming parliamentary election campaign

Press Release, 4.04.2021

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On the second day of the Congress Yabloko Chairman Nikolai Rybakov and Deputy Chairman Ivan Bolshakov spoke about some aspects of Yabloko’s upcoming parliamentary election campaign.

Nikolai Rybakov said that to the coalition policy of the party is developing, a large extent, as an alliance of Yabloko and citizens, and the main goal of the work is to create a serious single democratic opposition faction in the State Duma as a result of the elections. Another important task is to nominate a party candidate for the presidency in the next presidential elections.

Rybakov also noted that a union implying  liquidation of the party, or cooperation with politicians and organisations that do not support democratic values is impossible for Yabloko.


“We consider any alliances with Stalinists, nationalists, fascists, racists, imperialists, militarists, xenophobes, and other left or right-wing radicals to be politically, ethically and ideologically unacceptable,” Rybakov said. “We consider all the parliamentary parties as one party of Vladimir Putin. Cooperation with them is also impossible for us,” he noted.


Rybakov also said that Yabloko is ready to agree on candidates in single-mandate constituencies, but after the registration of candidates is over, since it is unclear how the registration from other political forces and self-nominated candidates will go.


“Before the end of registration, it is useless to divide the constituencies. These principles apply not only to the elections to the State Duma, but also to municipal and regional elections.”


Rybakov separately mentioned the importance of organising control over the elections: he announced the readiness of Yabloko to join forces with a very wide range of political and civic movements that take a democratic stance.


The party Chairman also stated that there should be a party representative in each municipality who would be involved in campaigning there before the elections.


Ivan Bolshakov, Deputy Chairman of Yabloko, noted in his speech that the upcoming elections to the State Duma are very different from previous election campaigns, especially from the 2016 campaign. “Then the elections were held in rather harsh conditions from the point of view of the situation in the society, as there was the so-called “Crimean consensus”, when the authorities, with the help of propaganda, were able to ensure the rally effect, the effect of rallying around the authorities, thanks to the geopolitical “achievements” of Vladimir Putin. Now the Crimean consensus is over,” Bolshakov said.

Photo: Ivan Bolshakov / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

“This is confirmed by the results of regional elections that Yabloko received. Society is changing, protest moods are growing. This happens because of the mistakes of the authorities. The society hoped that the authorities would now move on to solving socio-economic problems, but instead people were simply deceived: the authorities raised the retirement age and taxes, carried out incomprehensible garbage reforms, and “optimized” [cut the expenses on] the healthcare systems in the regions,” Bolshakov said.


Sociological polls show good prospects for Yabloko. According to them, the rating of Putin and the authorities is falling, while the rating of Yabloko is growing. Even pro-government polling centres give from 4 to 10 per cent to Yabloko.


Bolshakov also outlined the scale of the task Yabloko faces: to ensure the party’s visibility not only at the expense of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the liberal nucleus and the protest “get-together”.


The Deputy Chairman of Yabloko noted that this time the party would give priority to the campaign on Yabloko party lists of candidates.


“We must all work for one big team, so that our party can get into the State Duma, and not hog the cover in each of our single-mandate constituencies,” Bolshakov said.


However, Yabloko is ready to nominate its partners from other democratic organisations, democratic politicians, human rights defenders, and civic activists in the constituencies.


“I think that we will be able to nominate a large number of politicians who support our Memorandum of Political Alternative on the basis of the principles of the party’s coalition policy,” Bolshakov noted.


He also noted that the party will start the election campaign immediately after the Congress.


“Our experience shows that we can win, we know how to win, we just need to believe in our victory and work for it,” Ivan Bolshakov concluded.


Grigory Grishin, head of the Headquarters for the Elections to the State Duma, announced in his speech a large-scale pre-campaign of Yabloko, which will take place both offline and online. During this campaign, one million newspapers will be handed out, there will be a door-to-door campaign and campaign cubes in the streets. On the Internet, the campaign will be actively carried out on social networks.

Photo: Grigory Grishin / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

Also, Grishin said that one the keys to the success of Yabloko in the elections should be organisation of observation over voting, which, in his opinion, has a strong political influence. The urgent task remains “to create points of contact with Yabloko in every small town and urban-type settlement”.


“Elections are not a war, they are a type of work. There is no need to organise the campaign headquarters as an army. The goal of the campaign is to realise human potential. If we do this, we will win,” Grishin said.


The head of the headquarters stressed that getting into the State Duma should be the priority. But at the same time, the party should also use elections for party building. According to Grishin, it is unclear what results Yabloko will receive in September, but it is absolutely certain that the party will emerge stronger from the campaign.