Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko Deputy Chair Alexander Gnezdilov: “Democracy is an exam that society is taking every day”

Press Release, 24.08.2018

Archive photo by RIA Novosti/ Yuri Abramochkin

A rally dedicated to the anniversary of the victory over the reactionary forces of the State Emergency Committee was held in the Krasnopresnensky park, Moscow, behind the Russian ‘White House’ on 22 August, on the Day of the Flag of Russia.


The rally was organised by the All-Russian Public Movement “For Human Rights”. The Yabloko party has been taking part in the action year in memory of the events of 1991 and the victory of Russian democrats every year.

Participants and witnesses of the fight against the coup d’etat of 1991 spoke from the stage before citizens who gathered for the action. Today, 26 years after the victory over the coup d’etat, politicians have the opportunity to look at the then emergence of Russian democracy through further historical events that were gradually returning the political system of Russia to the path of authoritarian rule. All the participants of the rally were unanimous in the opinion that democracy and development of democratic institutions requires daily fight for.


Valery Borshchyov, mMember of the Bureau of the Yabloko party, politician and human rights activist, at the time of August 18-21, was a deputy to the Moscow City Council and Chairman of the Commission on Freedom of Conscience, Religion and Charity. He shared his memories of those days. There were tanks by the Moscow City Council, the military did not know what they should do, they were afraid to attack protesting citizens, because this would entail imminent sacrifices. Then Valery Borshchyov managed to persuade the military to remove the tanks from the Moscow City Council: “It was really a unique event, it was a general democratic process and all people who felt responsible for the country went out to protest rallies. The army was really frightened then. I got up ahead of the tank column and led the column to the Dynamo metro station area. Such were the times – a whole tank column went after a [Moscow City Council] deputy. The army really did not want to fight the people. Today, it seems to me, it is very important to remember that when the people’s protest is going on, the authorities  become powerless, and no power structures, no law enforcement bodies can resist it. Let us remember this tradition, this experience and say no to arbitrary rule! ”


Alexander Gnezdilov, Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko party, did not take part in those events, since he was only five years old in August 1991. Nevertheless, he is convinced that the freedom inherent in people of his generation became possible largely due to those events.


Alexander Gnezdilov expressed his gratitude to the people who gave the opportunities for his generation to freedom of education in Russia and addressed the audience with the following speech:


“In these August days, a Russian tricolor flag rose over the [Russian] “White House”, which I am proud of despite everything and which I love. We got a different state anthem, am anthem not stained with blood [compared to the Soviet anthem]. We saw the very word Russia on the geographical map of the world. We received a vast space of freedom. Despite the pullback that everyone is talking about today, we are far from the point of 1985 or 1984, either form [the country ruled by] Leonid Brezhnev or Yuri Andropov, or [from a country] George Orwell [wrote about]. These achievements of perestroika were then defended against the putchists’ attempt to curtail [freedom]. Certainly, while following a discussion in social networks about the results of August 1991, I see a lot of disappointment and frustration, also voiced by the participants of these events. Nevertheless, I would like to say that the rollback was largely predetermined by what had existed there before August 1991. These mechanisms were laid, and the victory that was really gained turned out to be not final, but became another page in the book of the centuries-old struggle for Russia’s freedom – from the conditions of the Supreme Privy Council [ constitutional document offered by the Council to Empress Anna Ioannovna in her accession to the throne in 1730] to the Panin-Fonvizin Constitution [a constitutional draft of 1760s], to the projects of the early 19th century, to the Decembrists, [writer, philosopher and supporter of reforms] Alexander Herzen, the Westerners, the great reforms, the Cadet Party and the Octobrist Party. This means that we simply must not give up, as [singer and poet] Bulat Okudzhava wrote in one of his songs. Because we see even in some countries of the European Union, such as Hungary and Poland, that democracy is not given once and for all. This is work that must be done every day, and as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote, “Only he is worthy of life and freedom, who every day for them goes to battle”. Therefore, I would like to express my deep gratitude to those who went to risk their lives for our and your freedom in August 1991. Democracy is an exam that society is taking every day”.