Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Yabloko Chair demands from the Federal Penitentiary Service to investigate into the facts of torture in the Karelian penal colonies

Press Release, 26.07.2018

Emilia Slabunova, Chair of the Yabloko party and MP of the Legislative Assembly of Karelia, sent an appeal to Gennady Kornienko, Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service, demanding to check the facts of human rights violations in the penitentiary institutions of Karelia. The reason for the appeal were the materials from the visiting session of the Presidential Human Rights Council. The widely discussed cases of torture in the Yaroslavl and Bryansk colonies are no exception, it is a systemic phenomenon in the Russian penitentiary system, Emilia Slabunova believes.

After it became known about the torture of political prisoner Ildar Dadin in penal colony No 7 in Segezha (Karelia), the Human Rights Council held an on-site meeting in Petrozavodsk, Karelia, in February 2017, during which the Council revealed a number of glaring violations in the penal colonies in Karelia. The issues examined by the Council were, in particular, use of torture against prisoners, cruel and degrading treatment of them, exploitation of low-wage labour of convicts, sadistic tendencies of some employees of the colonies, and so on.


At that time, members of the Council were not able to personally communicate with the prisoners – the Karelian Department of the Federal Penitentiary Service denied human rights activists a visit to the colonies, citing an epidemic of flu. It is noteworthy that the representatives of the republican department of the Federal Penitentiary Service neglected the meeting of the round table of the Council  chaired by its head Mikhail Fedotov. The perpetrators of torture and other violations of human rights went unpunished.


Emilia Slabunova explained that she decided to appeal to the Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service and other instances – the Public Prosecutor General’s Office, the Investigation Committee of Russia, the Interior Ministry, as well as the Karelian Public Prosecutor’s Office, the Karelian Department of Federal Penitentiary Service and the Governor of Karelia – in connection with the rising wave of public outrage after the published facts of torture in the colonies.


“Now, when the events in Yaroslavl and Bryansk [when prisoners died because of torture] cause the system of execution of punishments to simulate at least some actions, I want to draw attention to the situation in Karelia, which then remained without consideration, and the guilty went unpunished,”  Emilia Slabunova said.


Yabloko Chair also noted that the Russian penitentiary system does not cope with its main task – it does not allow prisoners to take the path of correction: according to data for 2016, more than 60 per cent of the convicts repeatedly committed crimes.


In addition, Emilia Slabunova drew attention to the inefficient use of budget funds allocated for the Federal Penitentiary Service. The public report of the Institute of Problems of Modern Society particularly stated this.


Over the past 15 years, the cost of maintaining the correctional system has increased six-fold. The Federal Penitentiary Service received more money than, for example, the Ministry of Healthcare, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Emergency Situations. Thus, the federal budget for 2018 alllots 264.5 billion roubles for the Federal Penitentiary Service, while on the Ministry of Emergency Situations will get only 168 billion, the Russian Federal Space Agency  – 128 billion, and the Academy of Sciences and the Agency of Scientific Organisations together will get only about 105 billion.


Emilia Slabunova noted that the creation of one place in a penal colony is worth 3 – 5 million roubles, which is comparable to the cost of 1 – 2 bedroom apartments in the cities with a million population. The annual maintenance of one prisoner costs the budget 400,000 roubles, which is comparable to the size of the maternity capital [in Russia women who give birth to at least two children are entitled to “maternity capital” allowance].


Yabloko Chair believes that cardinal changes in the penal correction system require maximum openness, public and political control. Public monitoring commissions should be formed not on the principle of loyalty to the authorities, as it is now, but on the condition that people who can exercise control on the principles of humanism, maximum openness and maximum saving of budget funds are included there.


On 20 July, oppositional Novaya Gazeta newspaper published a video of the torture of Yevgeny Makarov, prisoner in the Yaroslavl colony. The video was filmed in the summer of 2017. On 22 July,  another prisoner died because of torture in prison No 6 in the Bryansk region. On 24 July, the Federal Penitentiary Service stated that it would establish commissions to examine the cases of unjustified use of force against prisoners.