Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

We must start over without repeating the mistakes

Yabloko Deputy Chairman writes on why the Russian authorities prefer not to recall the text of the Declaration of the State Sovereignty adopted on June 12, which became Russia Day

Boris Vishnevsky’s blog post, 12.06.2023

Photo by Dmitry Dukhanin / Kommersant

Celebrating today’s holiday – Russia Day – the top officials make pompous statements, but try not to recall the document with the adoption of which is associated with this day: 33 years ago, on June 12, 1990, the Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) adopted the Declaration of the State Sovereignty of the RSFSR by 907 votes against 13 (nine abstained), And it is clear why: it strikingly clashes with their present policies.

The Declaration proclaimed “respect for the sovereign rights of all the peoples that make up the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.”


It declared a resolve “to create a democratic law-governed state within the renewed USSR”.


It ran that the RSFSR was “a sovereign state created historically by the peoples combined therein”.


That the state sovereignty of the RSFSR was “proclaimed in the name of the highest goals — ensuring that every person enjoys an inalienable right to a life of dignity, free development and use of a native tongue, and each people has a right to self-determination in the national-state and national-cultural forms which they choose”.


That RSFSR “shall recognise and respect the sovereign rights of the Union Republics and the USSR” and “shall retain the right of free secession from the USSR in the procedure established by the Treaty of the Union and legislation based thereon”.


That RSFSR “shall guarantee to all citizens and stateless persons residing on the territory of the RSFSR the rights and freedoms provided for by the RSFSR Constitution, USSR Constitution, and universally recognised norms of international law”.


The RSFSR “shall guarantee to all citizens, political parties, public organisations, mass movements, and religious organisations functioning with the framework of the RSFSR Constitution equal legal possibilities to participate in the administration of state and public affairs”.


That “the separation of the legislative, the executive, and the judicial branches of power shall be a major principle of the functioning of the RSFSR as a law-governed state”.


And that the RSFSR declares its adherence to universally recognised principles of international law and readiness to live in peace and harmony with all countries and peoples, take all measures not to permit confrontations in international, inter-republic, and inter-ethinic relations”.


Virtually every item sounds today like a bitter mockery of reality: the “respect for sovereign rights”, “democratic rule of law”, “ensuring every people the right to self-determination”, “guarantees of rights and freedoms”, “equal opportunities to participate in governance”, and “adherence to universally recognised principles of international law and readiness to live in peace”…


It is important, that the Declaration does not contain a word about any supposedly “historical rights” to “historical territories”, claims to neighbours, a “hostile West” and other rhetoric of a “besieged fortress”.


The intentions of 33 years ago are strikingly at odds with reality, except for one thing: independence from the USSR, which sank into oblivion 18 months later.


They are at odds for many reasons, and one of them is that they relied on leaders, not institutions, and abandoned democracy “for the sake of reforms”, believing that the end justifies the means.


All this resulted in authoritarianism turning into totalitarianism, corruption, state lies, gross revanchism as an undeclared state ideology, destruction of civil liberties, criminalisation of the dissent, and much more – which they sincerely wished to get rid of then.


Therefore, almost everything said then is relevant today.


We must start over without repeating the mistakes.



is Deputy Chairman of the Yabloko Party, member of the Yabloko Federal Political Committee and Bureau, and an MP of the Yabloko faction in the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg