Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Unlearned Lessons. Grigory Yavlinsky on Dmitry Medvedev’s article “Six Lessons of the Pandemic”

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 5.11.2021

Photo: Dmitry Medvedev at the United Russia party congress in Moscow, June 2021. // RIA Novosti, Yulia Zyryanova

They invented a new role for Dmitry Medvedev, the current Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation [and former President and Prime Minister of the RF] , – explaining the policies of the Kremlin and broadcasting unpleasant ideas.

Thus, a month ago, the Kommersant [daily] published a provocative article signed by him with vulgar and unacceptably aggressive attacks on Ukraine. Now, the former president of Russia, was apparently instructed to give explanation to the people on another topic that is difficult for the authorities – the growing coronavirus epidemic.

Earlier this week, Dmitry Medvedev published an article on Russia’s foreign and domestic policies and vaccination against COVID-19 in the Rossiyskaya Gazeta [newspaper]. It would have been Ok, as the topic is really very important, but the article by Medvedev (that is, by the Kremlin) provided so much dubious and strange information that it is impossible to discern any arguments or facts behind all this. In the situation of  almost complete lack of people’s trust in the authorities, this article only raises new doubts.


For example, Dmitry Medvedev (the Kremlin) claims that the Russian state supported the population during the pandemic. No, it was not like that. The state could, but did not want to support people, although it was absolutely clear how to do this (see, for example, the Anti-Crisis Plan to Combat the Consequences of the Pandemic, March 2020 and ). The Russian authorities have spent 4.5% of GDP on supporting the population and business for the past 18 months. In terms of comparison: the anti-crisis support in Italy amounted to 54.6% of GDP, 45.6% in the USA, 35.4% in Germany, 30.9% in the UK, and 19% in France.


Also Medvedev (the Kremlin) writes that the coronavirus pandemic has divided Europe. Perhaps. But in 2020, the EU authorities adopted over a thousand decisions to jointly fight the pandemic, the author himself mentions this. Furthermore, in assessing the unacceptability of Moscow’s foreign and domestic policies (which manifests itself in anti-Russian sanctions), the European Union has been and remains united, despite the pandemic. This, by the way, especially offends Medvedev (the Kremlin), who complains that even in such a difficult period, the sanctions policy of the West has not changed. However, like the policy of Russia, because of which the sanctions were imposed.


Medvedev (the Kremlin) also believes that there are problems in the world with the recognition of any vaccines against COVID-19, hinting that this is not at all about our Sputnik V. However, this is not true either. There are several vaccines registered in almost all countries, while the delay in the registration of the Russian Sputnik V is a consequence of technology violations at one of the Russian factories discovered by inspectors of the World Health Organisation.


Still, the main reason for the delay in the recognition of the Russian vaccine in the world (despite the fact that at the professional level, the world’s leading experts recognised Sputnik V as a quality vaccine and there are no questions for our scientists) is distrust of the current Russian state. It is impossible to believe the country’s authorities, which from year to year and at the top level have been declaring something opposite to reality, be it doping in the world class sports or a passenger plane shot down over Donbass.


Over the past 15 years, Russia has become a country with a negative rather than zero reputation. Certainly, one may, like Medvedev, say that everyone around is bad, unfriendly, dishonest, that the attitude towards us is somewhat biased, ignoble, that we are allegedly growing and developing rapidly, and they are trying to restrain and slow us down. While we are actually the most honest, open, kind and peaceful. However, this completely unprofessional political rhetoric is also irrelevant to reality. What kind of foreign policy is this when all around us (except Zimbabwe, with which we will now cooperate in space) turn out to be opposed to us? On the contrary, the essence of success in foreign policy lies in finding allies and the ability to live in peace, friendship and mutual understanding with the environment that we have, with all its inevitable shortcomings and indisputable merits. This is precisely the national interest of Russia.


By the way, how did it happen that almost the whole world, with the exception of China and African countries, turned out to be “bad” for the Kremlin? Maybe the world cannot understand how, in the 21st century, personal power a country, that claims to be taken seriously, can remain unchanged for more than 20 years and even longer – until 2036? China, by and large, is not interested in Russia with its 2% of world GDP, except for a few industries: Beijing has become too powerful economically. Africa simply has other things to worry about, and not us, they have more than enough of their own problems.


In addition, Medvedev (the Kremlin) hints in his article at some kind of laboratory for the study of some deadly viruses in some CIS country. What is this planting of information for? To say later that “our valiant army” invaded here and there to save humanity from a new virus? In much the same way, Lukashenko landed a foreign passenger plane flying by on the pretext that the plane was mined, but in fact to detain one of the passengers, opposition journalist Roman Protasevich. The scale is certainly different, but the pattern is the same – to come up with a crude provocative reason for lawlessness and possible aggression.


However, maybe the most surprising thing about Medvedev’s (Kremlin’s) publication is his discussion of civil rights, and being concerned of these rights does not allow the introduction of mandatory vaccination in Russia. The Kremlin suddenly started talking about human rights! But due to poor knowledge of the topic, the fundamental principle of democracy is set forth in a Bolshevik way – as “protection of the majority” (in fact, democracy is the protection of the rights of a minority). In any case, in the current situation, this Kremlin’s human rights rhetoric has nothing to do with it.


When it comes to a deadly epidemic, the authorities must act confidently, professionally, toughly and pragmatically, like a surgeon during an operation – to take full responsibility and save lives, no matter what. But a serious problem of the current Russian authorities is that, due to the extreme distrust of them, a significant part of the Russian population does not want to get vaccinated in principle, and the Kremlin is afraid of obliging people to be vaccinated en masse. The authorities fear protests. But if people get sick and die, then what one can do about it – it is bad, of course, but it is not dangerous for the authorities. Therefore, mandatory vaccination is not introduced. In this situation, the proposal of Medvedev (the Kremlin) addressed to the citizens of Russia “to reconsider the measure of their personal responsibility for their own health and the safety of other people” can hardly be taken seriously by anyone.


The day after the publication of Medvedev’s “lessons” in the world press, an article emerged which basing on the Rosstat [the Federal State Statistics Service] data and comparing mortality statistics during the pandemic with Russian trends of the past years, it was shown that there were 753,000 cases of excess mortality in Russia at the end of September 2021, which is 3.7 times more than the officially reported deaths from COVID-19. However, the Kremlin simply brushed aside these terrible numbers.


Today, 20 months after the start of the pandemic, our state, even according to official statistics, is being defeated by a serious enemy – the coronavirus epidemic. This enemy cannot be bribed, deceived, intimidated, one cannot come to an agreement with it. It must be defeated. And our state and its health care system are not able to do this. According to official data, the coronavirus morbidity in Russia exceeded 40,000 people per day at the beginning of November, the mortality rate hit new anti-records almost daily (in Russia, the construction of new crematoria is already being discussed). We are one of the most seriously hit countries in the world.


And these are far from just the lessons of the pandemic. These are the bitter lessons of many years of failures in all of Russian politics, which have remained unlearned. But these unlearned lessons are leading the country to a dead end.




Grigory Yavlinsky

is Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO, Vice President of Liberal International, PhD in Economics, Professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.