Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Through the party reform towards progress in the country

Statement by the Federal Council No 51, 28.12.2018

The Yabloko party is one of the most experienced political organisations in the country: We have been standing up for the vales of freedom, peace, responsibility, human dignity and respect for people for 25 years. These values make thousands of people come to us. We founded Yabloko as a democratic opposition to the policy of Boris Yeltsin with his dishonest privatisation and irresponsible policy of the government in the 90s. We developed and offered reforms for the majority, we expressed and protected the interests of citizens in their resistance to the corrupt state machine, we preserved out party in the environment of a tough authoritarian regime. In the hardest times we were ready to sacrifice political dividends and personal prospects to honestly help our country become a modern, competitive, prosperous, and secure, to give the society a real choice.

Today we are facing new challenges and threats that the rapidly changing world offers us: the growing wave of populism, nationalism, chauvinism; global economic instability and the approaching of a new economic crisis as a result of the unsolved problems of the crisis in 2008; social tension caused by the lack of people’s trust in the government; military conflicts that lead to hundreds of thousands of deaths, spread of terrorism, degradation of the state governance system and migration crises; militarism and threats of a new war caused by the collapse of the global elite and weakening of responsibility of the countries that possess nuclear power weapons; an immense economic inequality between the developed and developing countries as well as social groups within states; detail of classical democratic institutes and establishment of fake democracies; a large number of “fake” news, formation of a “fake” agenda and posttruth, moral degradation, lies and propaganda of states that lead to the disappearance of ethical restrictions and the loss of future.

These trends have a serious impact on Russia and are worsened by the internal problems of our country and the peripheral condition of our economy in comparison with the global economy.

Our economy is in a serious decline. We are still largely dependant on raw materials which makes our budget vulnerable to global financial crises and the situation on the market; direct foreign investment is being reduced, internal demand drops, the real income of the population falls, new laws and duties are introduced, inflation forecast grow, the rouble rates drop, the outflow of capital does not seize.

The political leadership of Russia continues to carry out an aggressive foreign policy and drag the country in dangerous military adventures, interfere in elections and destabilise the political situation in other countries. Russia’s leadership sees no boarders in their attempt to gain short-term results and preserve their own power. This policy has led our country into political isolation. Internal problems that have not been solved for years have become more grave. This might result in a big war.

The current situation is a challenge for the Yabloko party, it needs an immediate response. Our response is based on our values and is the result of works of our party members, experts, and the civic society for many years. We have experience and the political will to change our country and insure that it has a decent future. Our main aim remain unaltered – to provide wellbeing and success of Russia and its citizens, create a modern, efficient democratic state with a strong market economy providing equal rights and opportunities for every member of society.

The Federal Council declares:

– The Yabloko party continues participating in the political race, which includes participation in elections of all levels. Participation in elections is the only way to make them fair. We engage in political activities in order to offer the citizens of Russia a democratic alternative to a dictatorship and on this basis ensure the change of government in Russia in accordance with the constitution. The possibility of this scenario has not been lost yet.

– The Yabloko party continues standing up for the possibility of a positive future for Russia and for the universal human values of freedom, peace, trust, solidarity. We are the party of the European path of development which imply personal integrity, respect for human dignity, rule of law, and checks and balances.

– The essence of the work of the party today is the political, moral and intellectual protest against the political system of lies and imitation formed by Vladimir Putin. Our party has been offering a moral alternative to the policy of the government since the day it was founded. We will aim at preserving this stance and strengthen it, to form a party of moral agency.

– The key task of the party in the coming years is to continues modernising the party. In the first places it means we need to find, prepare and promote new young leaders. Yabloko will not have any promising prospects without involving active young people and new leaders in the work of the party. We invited all citizens, who share out values, to join our party. It is our responsibility to offer new politicians, who share our views, all possible means to fulfil their potential and realise their talents.

The present conditions demand that our party works more efficiently. This implies:

– the development of a common stance on the key ideological issues. In order to do so we need to update and validate the Memorandum of Political Alternative as the constitution of our party. The provisions of the Memorandum should become the foundation of practical activity for all party members.

– the development of the structure of the party, the network of local party branches in the regions and cities to improve the efficiency of the party, hold successful elections and federal campaigns;

– the holding of federal campaigns dedicated to the key issues for the party such as peace and Russia’s cooperation with the developed countries; accessible and high-quality education as the foundation for the development of the country; accessible and high-quality healthcare system; environment and the solution to the problem of waste recycling;

– the realisation of deferral party projects of the priority topics such as changing budget priorities and a new budget policy; anti-corruption policy and transparency of the government; preservation of historical memory; public control over law enforcement; gender equality;

– the creation of a system of communication with voters and party members that is diversified in terms of functions, content, channels, recipients, ways and forms of delivering [the message] at all levels with the aim to inform the citizens of the country about our party, its stance and programme;

– the creation of as big a network of supporters, volunteers and campaigners as possible;

– a responsible and advance preparation for participation in election campaigns including the search for financial resources, training candidates and campaigners to ensure a successful collection of signatures, carrying out election campaign and organising election monitoring. The nomination of candidates in the election with the proportional and mixed election systems should be considered a priority. It is also important and necessity to participate in the elections with the first-past-the-post system as party candidates rather than independent candidates. It is also important to use a common visual style and the brand book pf the party;

– the creation of a modern and efficient training system and professional education of activists and potential leaders of the party. As a result of this process they party should form its talent pool – tens of literate, active young people full of initiatives, who are ready to bear responsibility for the future of the country and implementation of systematic changes. Yabloko has been struggling for these changes for half a century. Our country has deserved them;

– the development of the system of cooperation with MPs who represent Yabloko in regional legislative assemblies and local representative bodies, including the preparation of a common plan of legislative work, common public statements and realisation of common news-worthy events;

– the realisation of educational campaigns, workshops, lectures, discussions on the values of social liberalism, the history of liberal thought and democratic traditions in Russia, today’s liberal agenda.This will make a great contribution to the promotion and strengthening of democratic values and the European political culture in the Russian society and will do away with the stereotypes that were forcibly imposed and contribute to the enlargement of the social base of the party;

– the development of communications within the party with the aim to disseminate information on the positive experience of the structural units of the party, implementation of successful practises in the daily activity of the party, improvement of the feedback link among the leadership of the party and regional, local and primary branches and their cooperation by means of different channels, including a federal journal for party members;

– the development of discussion mechanisms, the mechanisms of interest alignment within the party, involvement of party members in decision-making, practical realisation of the institution of intraparty voting and strengthening the sense of responsibility for the decisions that have been made and public statements affecting the image and reputation of the party. A party is a union of like-minded people that created a union on the bases of common values and goals. People who join such a union respect solidarity and friendship. This makes an organisation sustainable, strengthens its influence, improves its performance.

– the perfection of the management structure aimed at the decentralisation of management, creation of a creative environment in the party, separation of functions of political and organisational management, limitation of terms in office for leaders of the party and its federal branches, introduction of stimulation mechanisms via using clear criteria of assessment of the activity of party branches, development of the fund-raising system to finance political campaigns and party projects.

We must become an efficient modern organisation which can gain political results and solve problems, which the civil society is facing. Our major task for the coming years is to strengthen and develop Yabloko as a progressive alternative to the current system, as the party of the future, the party of hope, the party of changes.

Emilia Slabunova,
Yabloko Chair