Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The vertical of executioners

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 18.02.2021

Photo: Session of the Third Court of Cassation considering the case of Yuri Dmitriyev, 16 February, 2021

“Here, in the Sandarmokh area, a place of mass executions, over 7,000 innocent people were killed from 1934 to 1941 by the NKVD executioners: residents of Karelia, prisoners and special settlers of the White Sea – Baltic Sea labour camp, prisoners of the Solovetsky prison. Remember us, people! Don’t kill each other! ”

This inscription was to be carved on the monument to victims of political repression in Sandarmokh, Karelia. But before the opening of the monument, the words “NKVD executioners” disappeared from the text. The thing is that the heirs of those same NKVD [People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs in 1934 – 1943, engaged above other things in political reprisals and executions] executioners are now in power in our country. And, as the investigation of the Project has shown, these heirs are not only ideological, but sometimes biological.

This week the cassation court upheld the verdict to the historian Yuri Dmitriyev. A verdict in a completely falsified case. The verdict, according to which the 65-year-old head of the Karelian Memorial [human rights society] was sent to a strict regime penal colony for 13 years. This is a Stalinist massacre not only over a definite person, it is an attempt to repress the memory, the history of our country, this is a crime against the people.

All his life Yuri Dmitriyev fought for the historical truth, spoke about the crimes of the Stalin’s regime, the murders of innocent people. It was Dmitriyev, together with his colleagues, who found the places of mass executions during the Great Terror [the period of the greatest number of Stalin’s political reprisals and executions in 1937-1938] in Karelia and the Arkhangelsk region.


But the modern Russian authorities do not need exposure of the crimes of their predecessors. Today in Russia they shoot heroic films about the “executioners of the NKVD”, and install memorial plaques with their names. Meanwhile, the archives of the Cheka-NKVD-KGB remain classified until 2044. The heirs have something to hide.


All of this indicates that Putin’s system has virtually legitimised the presence of “NKVD executioners” in all branches of government and at all levels. Regional departments of the FSB [the Federal Security Service], the Investigative Committee and the Ministry of Internal Affairs are engaged in falsification of criminal cases against those undesirable [for the regime]. The courts of absolutely all instances pass convictions on a telephone call. Everyone has their own motives: either they did not bring money somewhere, or they need to eliminate a competitor somewhere, or they want just to shut the mouths somewhere. In each such fabricated case, “success” (i.e., a maximum term of imprisonment) depends on the rank of the patron in the vertical of power. Someone is sanctioned for a case at the district level, someone at the regional level, someone right in the Kremlin. This is how the vertical of executioners works.


This is exactly how the case against Yuri Dmitriyev was fabricated: the regional department of the Federal Security Service, patronage at the top, and propaganda support in the media as a bonus.


By the way, the latest investigations by Bellingcat and The Insider point to the existence of real “death squads” in Russia consisting of active FSB officers who are engaged in the elimination of political opponents of the regime.


Thus, the case of the “NKVD executioners” is alive and well in modern Russia. Only by completely rooting out this Bolshevik-Stalinist vertical from the system of state administration will people be able to live without fear that tomorrow they will be arrested, imprisoned, poisoned, killed. And the first step towards this should be a comprehensive state’s legal assessment of the Bolshevik-Stalinist system, its practices and the most serious crimes. This will inevitably lead to the assessment of the events of [the Bolsheviks’ coup d’etat in] 1917, and recognition of the illegality of the dispersal of the Constituent Assembly, which led to a national tragedy and a terrible civil war, and an assessment of decades of state terror and political repression, and a statement of the absolute unacceptability of the use of terror, lies and violence in public policy. Movement towards a new free Russia is impossible without this.


Freedom to Yuri Dmitriyev! Freedom for political prisoners!