Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

 “The new State Duma represents an alliance of United Russia and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.” Yabloko leaders summed up the election outcome

Press Release, 20.09.2021

Photo: Nikolai Rybakov (in the centre) / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

On 20 September, Yabloko held a press conference in the party headquarters in Moscow. Yabloko leaders summed up the results of the elections to the State Duma.

Nikolai Ryabkov, Yabloko Chairman and leader of the Yabloko list of candidates to the State Duma, thank all those who voted for the party and helped in the campaign – all those who supported the alternative presented by Yabloko for the future development of our country – a free modern country in which human rights, a person, his/her freedoms are respected, in which a person is given the opportunity to develop without leaving the country, feeling protected and confident of the future. Even according to the official data of the [Central] Electoral Commission, which are now being published, there are hundreds of thousands of such people. In fact, there are certainly millions of such citizens.”


“I want to once again thank everyone who came to the elections to support us. I want to thank our candidates, who withstood the gigantic pressure on them. At first, they tried not to register our candidates in the elections, removed them from the elections [if they were registered], including such well-known candidates as Lev Shlosberg. He was removed from the elections [on the party list] in Pskov and [in a single mandate constituency in] Moscow. Dozens of candidates were removed from the elections. Nevertheless, we did participate and gave the opportunity to our country and our citizens to vote for the alternative policies. I would like to thank the thousands of volunteers who worked during this election campaign, met with people, talked and persuaded voters. This is a huge job.


When I met with our headquarters, with our teams in the regions, I saw thousands of people eager to change our country for the better.


I would like to express gratitude to the journalists who objectively covered the election campaign, and how we prepared for it, because this is our common cause, our common country.”


Rybakov also added that “we were aware that elections in modern Russia are not fair and free. Nevertheless, we participated in this election campaign in order to lay the foundation for the future, make the team for the future and enable our citizens to see this future together with Yabloko.”


Yabloko Chairman also said that these elections were unprecedented as of the scope of violations in geography and in terms of the type of violations that took place. “What can we say if in the second city of the country, St. Petersburg, the counting of votes is still taking place at the voting for the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, and many hours later (it will be 20 hours soon) after the closure of polling stations, only 30% of the protocols were entered [into the system], where our electoral commissions members are removed from the polling stations, [Boris Vishnevsky] the Deputy Chairman of the party, the leader of the list to the Legislative Assembly, is removed from the polling station, and he was attacked. You have ssen and you know all this.


And today, speaking on the First Channel, I asked my opponents from [the ruling] United Russia [party] a question to which they had no answer. If everything is so good with you and you enjoy so much popular support, why are there so many violations? What happened that you need so many violations to win? If there were such support, there would have been no need to make such violations, there would have been no need to do a three-day voting under a pretext that it was done in order not to spread the coronavirus, while on the Friday morning, queues hundreds of meters long lined up by polling stations, and which disappeared later. And there was no such [huge] voting at these polling stations in the following days.


Because people want change. These changes have not happened now. It is obvious. We will continue to work. We will fight now for those votes that were cast for us at the polling stations, and we will defend our right to a modern, fair and free country. Thank you all very much.”


Grigory Yavlinsky, Yabloko founder and Chairman of the Federal Political Committee of the party, noted that “Yabloko proposed in the elections a position and programme on all key issues of the country’s development. Yabloko was the only party that proposed an alternative”.

Photo: Grigory Yavlinsky / Photo by the Yabloko Press Service


Yavlinsky also said that according to the official results, the ruling United Russia party got 72% of the vote. That is, it once again got a constitutional majority; whereas in total there are 100% of Putin’s supporters in the parliament, while Yabloko does not support Vladimir Putin’s policies and states that these policies provide no prospects for the country. He also noted that Yabloko’s program is not suitable for those who determine the outcome of the elections, so those who determine the results of the election are the problem, not the voters. Yavlinsky noted that, according to Yabloko estimates, the party got about 6-7% this time.


Speaking about the new Duma, Yavlinsky said that “today the State Duma is a union of United Russia and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. This will determine the policies. This means that everything that is happening today, all these cases with “foreign agents”, “undesirable organisations”, arrests, threats, repressions, bans on public events, persecution of journalists – all this will remain and intensify.


In economics, this means state capitalism. State capitalism means a very high level of state ownership in the economy. Such an economy is ineffective. The main ally of United Russia (the communists) will still talk about the need to create the State Planning Committee [like that in the USSR]. Well, it is not difficult to create a state planning committee under state capitalism. It is adapted for this. Just establish it – and that’s it. Vladimir Lenin [leader of the October revolution of 1917] also said that this is a simple thing.


But this means a rise in prices. This means a drop in incomes, that have been falling for almost ten years, since 2013. This means a decrease in the living standards. They also have gigantic projects worth hundreds of billions of roubles. This means higher taxes. At least it is clear that they need to raise 400 billion roubles. Now they will make a decision in the fall on raising taxes.”


“There is another topic – the suppression of the middle class. The middle class in Russia is another informally undesirable element. But we are a party that largely represents the interests of the middle class, but not only of that middle class, which is only doctors and teachers (because these are state employees). We want the middle class in Russia to be people (in addition to teachers, doctors, whom we love, respect and are ready to represent their interests, and this is very important) who earn their own bread, in the sense that they create their own businesses. Because this is the development of the economy. All the so-called startups also refer here. The most initiative people emerge here. These people want to get involved in politics, but not in the form of invented parties that came out from nowhere in the form of the “New People” party, but in those parties that express their interests.” Yavlinsky noted that protection of such people is a matter of principle for Yabloko. He also added that “the suppression of the middle class is another trend that will now be very active. Because this trend clashes with what the communists usually do”.


“Another topic is the topic of foreign policy. All these parties are absolute allies in terms of foreign policy. And the meaning of foreign policy in recent years has been isolation [of Russia], the war in Syria (participation in the civil war in Syria), and moreover, constant escalation of a violent clash with Ukraine and suppression of protests in Belarus. This is our foreign policy, that is, fencing off from the whole world. We believe that this trend towards a possible war with Ukraine is a very dangerous direction. And now, I think, there will be not a single deputy in the State Duma who will oppose this.”


According to Yavlinsky, such policies are in store for the Russia with the new Duma. But will not give up its position and work further. “Because we love our people and love our country. And we will never leave it. We hope that justice and freedom will prevail. Russia sooner or later (better sooner) will become a free and prosperous country. I repeat once again: thank you all very much for your support. We value and cherish it.”