Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Ministry of Healthcare of the Sverdlovsk region do not know how much they spent on healthcare

But they blame Grigory Yavlinsky for this

Press Release, 15.12.2017

The Ministry of Healthcare of the Sverdlovsk region published their response to criticism by Grigory Yavlinsky, which he voiced at a press conference of the politician during his visit to Yekaterinburg on 12 December.

Regional officials were offended, in particular, by Yavlinsky’s words concerning the reduction of healthcare expenditure in the region: “Only in the last year, healthcare expenditure in the Sverdlovsk region fell almost twofold – from 39.8 to 20.4 billion rubles,” Grigory Yavlinsky said. “And the region is ranked 72nd out of total 85 for such an indicator as the share of ambulances arriving to patients within 20 minutes”.

The presidential candidate also cited other figures: since 2012, the number of hospitals in the region had decreased by 14 per cent, and hospital beds by 11 per cent. According to Yavlinsky, these indicators characterise not so much the poor performance of the Sverdlovsk Health Ministry as the general deplorable state of healthcare and all social sphere in the country. To change the situation, it is necessary to change the system of distribution of tax revenues between the federal centre, the regions and the municipalities, Yavlinsky said.

However, the Ministry of Healthcare of the Sverdlovsk region refuted Yavlinsky’s arguments. Konstantin Shestakov, Press Secretary of the Ministry, wrote on his Facebook page that in 2016 the region spent 58.4 billion roubles on healthcare, and in 2017 (according to the plan) it should spend 61.8 billion roubles, i.e. by 5.7 per cent more.

According to Shestakov, “for the nine months of 2017, ambulance arrived to patients within 20 minutes in 335,839 cases (88.3 per cent of the cases). Given that the target value of this indicator for 2017 is 88.1 per cent.” The Press Secretary did not mention the reduction of hospitals and beds at all.

According to the Yabloko’s Expertise and Analysis Department, the information provided by the ministry is erroneous. “One can invent different figures for internal use in the region,” says Ivan Bolshakov, head of the department and member of the Federal Bureau of the party. “But the figures fixed in the documents and the official statistics transmitted to the Federal Treasury and Rosstat (the Russian Statistical Agency) contradict the statements by the [regional] Ministry of Healthcare.”

The information provided by Yavlinsky on healthcare financing in the Sverdlovsk region concerns only the expenditures of the regional budget. According to the law of the Sverdlovsk region of 06.06.2017 No. 58-OZ “On the execution of the regional budget for 2016”, the expenditures under the section “Healthcare” amounted to 40.047 billion roubles.

According to the law of the Sverdlovsk region of 19.12.2016 No. 131-OZ “On the regional budget for 2017 and the planned period of 2018 and 2019” (as amended on 03.11.2017 No. 106-OZ), the expenditures under the section “Healthcare” amount to 20.363 billion roubles.

The cut of expenditure amounts to 49 per cent.

But even if we take into account both the consolidated budget of the region and the territorial fund of compulsory medical insurance (which, apparently, the regional Health Ministry had in mind), the healthcare expenditures in the region fell anyway.

Tatyana Golikova, Chair of the Audit Chamber, indicated that in November 2017 (basing on the results of the nine months of 2017), healthcare expenditures were reduced in the consolidated regional budgets in Russian 84 regions and demonstrating a drop by 42.9 per cent. And the Sverdlovsk region was not the region showing a rise of funding.

According to the Federal Treasury as of November 1, 2017, the consolidated budget of the Sverdlovsk region and the territorial state extra-budgetary fund totaled 64.276 billion roubles, while implementation of the consolidated budget of the Sverdlovsk region and the budget of the territorial state extra-budgetary fund for 2016 amounted to 82.951 billion roubles. This is a decrease by 22.5 per cent.

Also it should be noted that the budget of the territorial fund of the compulsory medical insurance of the Sverdlovsk region consists by 98-99 per cent of the federal money in the form of subsidies from the Federal Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund.

According to the Rosstat official data, for the past five years, the number of hospitals in the Sverdlovsk region have declined by 14.1 per cent (or by 26 institutions), the number of hospital beds by 11.6 per cent (or by 5,000 beds) and the number of medical and obstetrical stations by 3.6 per cent (or 21 institutions in the rural areas).

According to the RIA Rating agency, the Sverdlovsk Region is ranked 72nd as of the share of ambulances arrivals to patients within 20 minutes and 67th in terms of the number of doctors per 100,000 residents.

The low efficiency of regional healthcare is also confirmed by another ranking compiled by the Higher School of Healthcare Organisation and Management, where the region is ranked 75th demonstrating a drop by 12 points against 2015.

Трагические истории о ситуации с невыездами скорой помощи в Свердловской области не раз доходили до федерального уровня. Подтверждения, например, здесь, здесь и здесь.

Tragic incidents when ambulances in the region refused to go to the patients have repeatedly raised by the mass media on the federal level. The confirmations, for example, are here, here and here.

“The situation with healthcare in the Sverdlovsk region is not rosy,” Ivan Bolshakov noted. “Instead of justifications and disputes about the calculations, the authorities of the Sverdlovsk region should have raised the issue of insufficient funding of healthcare before the State Council or the Federation Council seeking provision of the required funding from the federal centre on the proper level; in particular, through a fairer redistribution of tax revenues. This is exactly what Yavlinsky said, describing the situation in the field of healthcare,” Bolshakov stressed.