Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Levada Centre: Yabloko’s amendments to the Constitution are more popular among Russians than Putin’s amendments

Press Release, 21.06.2020

Photo 1

If there was an alternative vote, only a quarter of Russians (25%) would support the amendments of President Vladimir Putin. These are the data of a sociological survey conducted by the Levada Centre on the request of Yabloko from June 11 to 17. The survey involved 1,516 people over 18 years of age from a representative sample of the Russian population. There were fewer supporters of the presidential package than supporters of the Constitution of Free People proposed by the Public Constitutional Council and the Yabloko party (28%) and even fewer than opponents of both the projects (26%).

Work on an amendment package, called the “Constitution of Free People” and alternative to Putin’s, began in January. Then, after publication in the Novaya Gazeta paper, the Public Constitutional Council was convened, which prepared the amendments together with leading Russian constitutional lawyers. Deputies from Yabloko of the regional parliaments introduced these amendments to the State Duma through regional legislative assemblies.

Photo 2


80% of Levada Centre poll participants believe that it would be right to put to vote the “Constitution of Free People”, not only Putin’s amendments.


All amendments by the Public Constitutional Council and Yabloko, which sociologists asked about, were supported by the majority of respondents. Thus,  82% of Russians welcomed the introduction of election for the members of the Federation Council; 68% were in favour of giving the State Duma the right to pass a vote of no confidence to individual ministers, 51% of giving deputies the right to nominate a prime minister; 54% of the respondents spoke in favour of shortening the term of office of the president from six to four years, and exactly 50% of the polled supported the election of court chairpersons by a vote of judges.

Photo 3


41% of respondents spoke in favour of banning Russian citizens from participating in the activities of private military companies. There were less those who did not agree with such an amendment – 38%, and 20% of respondents hesitate to give any answer.

Photo 4


The following amendments by the Public Constitutional Council and Yabloko enjoyed the greatest support among the Russians: on the state’s obligation to treat childhood diseases at the expense of the state budget (95%), on the right to inherit pension savings (90%), on the introduction of individual savings accounts to credit part of the income from the exports of natural resources (77%), on fixing a single retirement age for men and women at the level of 60 years in the Constitution (58%). At the same time, the Yabloko amendment also includes a reduction in the retirement age for women by two years for each child.

Photo 5


In general, 74% of Russians support the package of amendments by the Public Constitutional Council and Yabloko, and only 17% spoke out against it. Unlike alternative voting, when respondents were asked to choose between Putin’s and the Public Constitutional Council’s packages, this question was asked after the respondents spoke out on each amendment of the Council separately.

Photo 6


In addition, sociologists asked participants of the poll how they felt about holding a “nationwide vote” in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic. Almost two thirds of the respondents (60%) consider this to be wrong, while only a third (33%) do not see problems in the period of time chosen by the government.


“The results are not just a survey, this is the most reliable cut of public opinion,” says party chairman Nikolai Rybakov. “And it brought us and our draft Constitution a victory. What Yabloko offers is supported by the majority of citizens, while Putin represents only a quarter of Russians; he is in the minority. It is clear that the full support of Putin and his policies is a bubble inflated by propaganda,” Rybakov added.