Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The goal of Yabloko is to fight for freedom and the future of Russia

Statement by the 21st Congress of Yabloko dated 4.04.2021, published on 20.04.2021

Photo by Vitaly Timkiv / RIA Novosti

The YABLOKO congress states that the situation in our country has qualitatively changed over the past year. On 1 July, 2020, there was a breakdown of the Russian statehood in the form in which it existed for almost 30 post-Soviet years. The Constitution has been ousted from the legal field, and the process of destruction of law has been launched on a national scale.

The main reasons for this landmark event are as follows: the rejection of the state-legal assessment of Stalinism and the crimes of the Soviet period, gross miscalculations in the logic and content of the reforms of the 1990s (hyperinflation, loans-for-shares auctions, the merger of power with property and business, the creation of an oligarchy, and the criminalisation of society).


On this basis, a nomenklatura autocratic, unlawful, semi-criminal and antisocial political regime was created in the country with an ideology of demagogic patriotism, a chronically stagnating economy and a population sliding into poverty.


The “Putin system” regards people as a resource necessary for the implementation of the regime’s priority goals: self-preservation, ensuring external and internal non-interference into its policies, creation of zones of influence outside the country and pursuing a policy of limited sovereignty towards a number of neighbours.


Institutionalisation of unconstitutional military and security structures in the form of private military organisations has been taking place. The issue of the “death squads” and the use of chemical warfare agents against political opponents is acute on the agenda.


These conditions make impossible any normal political and party work associated with participation in elections, representation of citizens’ interests in government bodies, and improvement of legislation.


Relying on populism and reducing the agenda to the fight between “good guys against bad guys” is not only futile, but also extremely dangerous. It is categorically unacceptable for us to build an alternative to Vladimir Putin that would be based on nationalism or inciting social hatred, revenge and hatred. This is the path to the destruction of the country and human deaths.


Equating political leadership with possession of technologies for manipulating the mass consciousness is a mistake. No decent future can be built if, here and now, we do not practice the attitude towards citizens which would correspond to the Russia we want to create.


Today, it is necessary to strengthen the alternative to the regime, which would be based on humanistic values, and preserve the following directions in the social and political life:


– preservation of people’s lives;

– inviolability of private property and private life;

– observance of fundamental human rights and freedoms;

– unacceptability of Bolshevism and Stalinism;

– opposition to imperia complex;

– the European vector in foreign policy.


Our goal is to build in Russia the institutions of a modern state based on European values. We must make this goal the driving force behind the civic movement for change. We will rely on people who openly oppose the Putin system, but at the same time do not support populism, reject nationalism, leaderism, Bolshevik incitement of social hatred, do not accept substitution of the democratic procedures and institutions by the mob rule, and manipulation.


Only massive, conscious support for our political stance will allow a public dialogue with the authorities to take place and open the way for Russia to the future. We regard the upcoming elections as the first step in this direction.


Basing on this position, the Yabloko Congress


– confirms the correctness of the decisions of the Federal Political Committee:

On the fundamental inadmissibility of voting on Putin’s amendments to the Constitution, dated June 5, 2020;

On the assessment of the plebiscite on July 1, 2020 and the tasks of the Party, dated July 27, 2020;

On systemic threats to the life, health and rights of Russian citizens;


– recognises the work on the creation of a new Constitution launched by the Public Constitutional Council by to be extremely important and promising;


– supports the reform of the Party aimed at preserving the political core of the democratic opposition in an extremely aggressive environment;


– considers protection of human rights and the release of all political prisoners to be the most important task today.


Nikolai Rybakov,

Yabloko Chairman