Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Director of Russian Youth and the Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region became the prize-winners of the Golden Toilet Brush anti-prize

The Governor of the Chelyabinsk region received a prize in a special nomination “VIP-Gifts to Officials”

Press Release, 16.01.2021

Photo by the Yabloko Press Service

The Anti-Corruption Policy Centre of the Yabloko party has summed up the results of the Golden Toilet Brush anti-award for officials’ most wasteful state procurement purchases. The first prize went to Alexander Bugayev, Director of Russian Youth (Rosmolodezh) for the state procurement for the development of “soft skills” of the Cossacks for 3 million roubles. The Golden Toilet Brush in the regional nomination was awarded to Gleb Nikitin, Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region, for purchasing an elite tour for two Instagram bloggers in the state procurement purchase for 2.3 million roubles. The Governor of the Chelyabinsk region received a special prize  – The Golden Сaviar Dish – for his expensive elite gifts to other officials.

Despite the pandemic, the Russian Youth organisaiton held a five-day Cossack gathering for 3 million roubles, when the Cossacks [known today for their participation in violent suppression of the dissent] were taught the basics of SMM and “soft skills” and got trained on the development of emotional intelligence (according to the Open Media). Alexander Bugayev won the users’ voting.


A Silver Toilet Brush was awarded to Andrei Kalmykov, Director of the airline Pobeda (Victory). RIA Novosti reported that the company, which is owned by the state, purchased 3,000 simulators for training facial muscles. That is how the airline hoped to make the flight attendants smile at least a little.


A Bronze Toilet Brush in the federal nomination was awarded to Alexander Kolpakov, head of the Administrative Department of the President of the Russian Federation. He was nominated for TV tables worth 764,000 roubles and a flag stand from solid beechwood worth 142,000 roubles. The furniture was intended for the office of Dmitry Medvedev (housed in the former Zinaida Morozova mansion, a masterpiece of the Art Nuveau architecture in Moscow). Open Media was the first media to write about the purchase.


Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev (winner of the Golden Toilet Brush in 2017) and Deputy Public Prosecutor General Andrei Zakharov managed to avoid being awarded this time.


In the regional nomination, Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region Gleb Nikitin won the majority of the votes. He allocated 2.3 million roubles from the budget for covering the expenses of an elite tour for two Instagram bloggers. According to the terms of the contract, the bloggers were provided with a business class car, rooms in a five-star hotel, an individual guide and three meals a day with a coffee break. According to the Reporter NN, the lucky tourists were two bloggers with over a millions followers Karina Nigai and Andrei Glazunov.


Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin ranks second in the regional nomination. He was awarded a Silver Golden Toilet Brush for the state procurement purchase of 100 new prisoner transport vehicles for Muscovites for 491 million roubles. Last year, Sobyanin already received a Golden Toilet Brush for the purchase of 941 km of road curb for 3 billion roubles.


The Bronze Toilet Brush was awarded to Igor Shutenkov, Mayor of Ulan-Ude, for the purchase of buses with quotes from Vladimir Putin. In total, the Mayor’s Office of the capital of Buryatia purchased 42 buses for a total amount of about 200 million roubles, the newspaper Baikal-Daily wrote. On the sides of the buses there will be such prominent quotes from Putin as “The people’s budget is the initiative of the people”.


Other nominees were Vasily Shushakov, head of the Novosibirsk department of the Russian Gueard, for his purchase of stickers “Towards Berlin” for official cars, as well as Alexander Burkov, Governor of the Omsk region, who bought luxury cars while donating old cars to the doctors for the fight against coronavirus.


Yabloko’s Anti-Corruption Policy Centre awarded a special prize – the Golden Caviar Dish – to Alexei Teksler, Governor of the Chelyabinsk region. For the second year the Governor has been purchasing gifts for officials for 10 million roubles from the budget. This procurement was detected by  Yaroslav Shcherbakov, head of the Chelyabinsk branch of the Anti-Corruption Policy Centre of theChelyabinsk branch of Yabloko. The list of gifts included caviar and vodka sets (from jade and jasper) with gilding, elite alcohol (Hennessy XO, Talisker, Lagavulin, and The Maccalan), entertainment equipment, sculptures and many other things.


«Золотой Ёршик» придумало молодёжное «Яблоко» Санкт-Петербурга в 2008 году. Первую награду получила губернатор Северной столицы (2003-2011) Валентина Матвиенко после закупки туалетных ёршиков для администрации ценой 12 794 рублей за штуку.


The Golden Toilet Brush anti-award was invented by the Youth branch of Yabloko in St. Petersburg in 2008. The first prize was awarded to Valentina Matvienko, then Governor of St.Petersburg (2003-2011), for her purchase of toilet brushes for the City Administration worth 12,794 roubles a piece (approximately USD 474 as of the rouble/dollar rate in 2008).


In 2018, Viktor Zolotov, head of the Russian Guard, won the vote of the Golden Toilet Brush. He received his anti-prize for overstating food prices for the Russian Guard by 1 billion roubles (according to the Anti-Corruption Foundation). The regional Golden Toilet Brush was awarded to Igor Ruden, Governor of the Tver region, for the state procurement purchase of a camera worth 1.83 million roubles.


In 2019, the Golden Toilet Brush was awarded to then Minister of Culture Vladimir Medinsky for showing the documentary “I owe my millions to their work …” in Switzerland. The film cost 9.7 million roubles. The regional prize was awarded to Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin for the purchase of 941 km of curbs for 3 billion roubles.