Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The Constitutional Court to consider the legality of restricting participation in elections for “persons involved in extremist organisations”

Press Release, 2.06.2022

Photo: Lev Shlosberg and Nikolai Kuzmin / Photo from social networks

Two complaints were filed with the Constitutional Court of Russia against the constitutionality of the norms of the Russian electoral legislation, which established restrictions on participation in elections for “persons involved in the activities of extremist organisations”.

The complaints filed by Lev Shlosberg, leader of the Pskov branch of Yabloko, and Nikolai Kuzmin, an activist of the regional branch of the party. In August 2021, the courts canceled their registration as candidates for deputies of the State Duma of Russia and the Pskov Regional Assembly of Deputies from the Yabloko party on the grounds of “involvement in extremist activities” due to their alleged organization and participation in unpermitted public events in Pskov in January 2021.


Lev Shlsoberg’s commentary:


We demand that the norms of paragraph 3.6 of the Federal Law “On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right to Participate in a Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation” and Parts 8.1-8.4 of the Federal Law “On Elections of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation” be recognised as inconsistent with the Constitution of the Russian Federation.


We believe that these norms of laws violate the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation:


– on political diversity (Article 13, Part 3);


– on directly effective rights and freedoms that determine the meaning and content of the activities of public authority (Article 18);


– on the prohibition of discrimination (Article 19, Parts 1 and 2);


– on freedom of speech and thought (Article 29, Parts 1 and 4);


– on the right to participate in the managing of state affairs, the right to elect and be elected (Article 32, Parts 1 and 2);

– on the prohibition of the retroactive effect of the law (Article 54, Parts 1 and 2);


– on the prohibition to issue laws that abolish or diminish the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, as well as on an exhaustive list of grounds for restricting such rights and freedoms (Article 55, Parts 2 and 3).


The complaints to the Constitutional Court have been prepared by lawyers of the Institute of Law and Public Policy, who represent our interests.


The Russian authorities knew what issues the State Duma of the Eighth Convocation would decide. The task was set was to prevent the election to parliament of a single deputy who did not agree with Vladimir Putin’s policy, that is, to carry out a complete preliminary political cleansing of the federal parliament. Many methods were used to achieve this, including a hastily adopted law banning politicians allegedly “involved” in the activities of organisations recognised as extremist from participating in elections. The criteria for such “recognition” were vague, the law can be applied to any person who publicly disagreed with the authorities.


Moreover, the law did receive a retroactive effect, although one of the authors of the law, Senator Andrei Klishas, ​​publicly stated in May 2021 in Parliamentary Newspaper that in order to apply the law, it would be necessary to recognise the candidate as involved in the activities of an extremist organisation after the law comes into force, and such a decision of the court should also enter into force only after the entry into force of the law. Moreover, the court’s decision to recognise an organization as extremist was also supposed to come into force after the law coming into effect.


All of these statements turned out to be misleading. There were no separate court decisions on the “involvement” [in the activities of “extremist organisations”] on myself and Nikolai Kuzmin, but the courts considered it acceptable for one and the same court in a single decision to resolve the issue of “involvement” and, without waiting for the decision to come into force, cancelling the decision on candidate’s registration. The decisions of the Pskov City Court on “involvement” adopted in January 2021 and adopted as part of the proceedings under the Code of Administrative Offenses, were used as “model” decisions.


We went through the four “floors” of judicial instances, including cassation and supervision in the Supreme Court, and, despite the apparent hesitation of the judges of the Supreme Court, we could not defend our right.


The fundamental decision on the intention to file a complaint with the Constitutional Court was made during the disputes in the courts of general jurisdiction in August 2021. We have been preparing complaints for several months and now we are demanding that the very norms of the law, which made it possible to arbitrarily restrict the electoral rights of citizens, be declared inconsistent with the Constitution of Russia.

On 30 May, 2022, both the complaints were filed with the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. On 1 June, the Secretariat of the Constitutional Court began studying them.




is a member of the Federal Political Committee of Yabloko and Chair of the Pskov regional branch of the party. Headed the Yabloko faction in the Pskov Regional Assembly of Deputies