Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

The “Conservative Turn” as a Threat to the Civil Society

At present Russia has been going through a reactionary period which is called the “conservative course” by the authorities. Paternalistic, jingoistic and allegedly traditional “values” are imposed on the society within the framework of this course as the so-called “spiritual bonds”. In turn, the European values ​​associated with freedom of choice and human rights, are declared “alien to the Russian tradition” and their supporters are labelled enemies. At the same time, liberalism is artificially opposed to patriotism.

Thus, President Putin is trying to create a new Eurasian ideology for Russia, the ideology of a “sovereign” third way.

Yet this is another convincing proof that Russia’s ruling group has chosen a policy envisaging abolishing modernization of the country. The anti-European turn and reactionary policies are qualitatively different from the policies of the previous periods. The apparent stake at anti-Western and anti-liberal policies has dramatically changed the situation in Russia. Deterioration of relations with the West has become more apparent and even defiant. Spread of xenophobia and hostility to the outside world are represented as a guarantee of security.

This manifests itself in a demonstrative rejection of reliance on society, active seeking of internal and external enemies, massive state propaganda and persecution of all the dissenting against the present policies. Simultaneously, artificial mobilization of supporters of the regime and creation of massive pro-governmental NGOs with state support have been taking place.

The opposition, civil society, non-governmental organisations, journalists and all the dissenting are facing persecutions and reprisals. A seemingly forgotten phenomenon of political refugees has come back to our lives. For the first time representatives of an international organisation (Greenpeace) were detained in Russia.

Along with the commemorative events associated with the anniversary of the Russian Constitution, its actual revision has been taking place. The most striking examples are the extension of the term for the Parliament and the President of the Russian Federation, elimination of the Arbitration Court via its merger with the court of general jurisdiction.

The proposals of the State Duma deputies that have been discussed now – introduction of the provision on the “state ideology” into the Constitution and reinforcing of the status of the main official religious confession – mean abolishing of the basic principles of the Constitution, proclaiming that the Russian Federation is a democratic, legal and secular state.

The recent laws restricting the right to peaceful protest, [Russian] NGOs [that are labelled] ‘foreign agents’, espionage, a ban on adoptions [of Russian children] by foreigners, restricting access to information in the Internet, the insult of [religious] feelings of believers and other clearly focus on curbing civil rights and freedoms and introduction of more restrictions, which actually represents a revision of Chapter II of the Constitution.

The number of prosecutions of journalists and civil society activists for political reasons has also grown.

The “cheating” amendments to the laws on political parties and the electoral legislation go on ruining the country’s electoral system so that to ensure that representatives of [the ruling] United Russia [party] who discredited themselves in the eyes of citizens could secure seats in the legislative authority, as well as in the posts of governors and mayors.

Special institutions and media holdings for propaganda both in Russia and abroad are being created.

Scholars and teachers are pressed and persecuted. This also manifests itself in the virtual dissolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences, closure of the so-called “inefficient” universities and unjustified merger of [secondary] schools.

The perverted interpretation of Christianity and anti-Western Eurasian “theory” create an ideological basis for violation of the constitutional principles of the modern state that should be free from domination of one ideology and aim rejection of the European values ​​and the European way of life. This is extremely harmful to the state, the society and the Orthodox Church in Russia.

Thus, a specific Eurasian postmodernist ideology is being created so that to oppose the concept of human rights and the European political system based on respect for civil liberties.

“Brainwashing” of the new generation must be ensured not only by the mass propaganda media, that now include the majority of television and radio channels and many Internet resources (either directly or indirectly, through a business entities depending on the government, and controlled by the authorities and by the government), but also by a “single” history book. History, from the point of view of the authorities, must be presented in a “positivist” way, bypass the main tragedies of the Russian history and the responsibility of public officials and artificially create a positive image of Russia.

In practice, such an ideological change has resulted in demonstratively tough court sentences to the Pussy Riot punk band, burning of YABLOKO books by hooligans, provocations at the meeting on the 8th of March, 2013, creation of aggressive “Cossack patrols”, as well as theological faculties in technological universities.

The anti-European turn leads our country, which has begun acquiring the features of a backward totalitarian state, to a historical dead end, the group of countries where human life, human dignity, rights and freedoms mean nothing.

However, history shows that such regimes are doomed in modern conditions.

Sergei Mitrokhin,

YABLOKO Chairman