Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Sergei Mitrokhin to the liberals of the world: a new Marshall Plan for Ukraine is needed but not sanctions against Russia

Press Release, 28.04.2014

YABLOKO leader Sergei Mitrokhin took part in the Congress of Liberal International – the world organisation of liberals and liberal parties – which was conducted in Rotterdam. Mitrokhin made a report in the round table devoted to the situation in Ukraine.

Most questions raised at the round table evolved around sanctions against Russia.

Ukrainian participants of the discussion, including Ukraine’s Ambassador in the Netherlands Alexander Gorin, spoke in favour of toughening of sanctions against Russia.

YABLOKO leader Sergei Mitrokhin told that sanctions could not be a way out of the present situation for three reasons:

First, European businesses are sharply against sanctions. The West can lose hundreds of thousands of jobs that exist due to the supply of goods to Russia. This means that sanctions are unlikely to be realized.

Second, even if the US and Europe manage to agree upon sanctions, a number of countries, such as, for example, China will not join them.

Third, and the most important, the sanctions will not result in changing Vladimir Putin’s policies. ON the opposite, the authorities will use sanctions for provoking a new round of anti-Western hysteria and suppression of the opposition.

“The best way out is a kind of a Marshall Plan for Ukraine. After the citizens of Russia see that European integration has led to the improvement of life of Ukrainians, they sooner or later will realize that Putin is leading the country to a deadlock, and there is no real alternative to the European way of development in the modern world,” Mitrokhin said.

Sergei Mitrokhin also analysed in his report what had caused such Russia’s policies towards Ukraine and Crimea.

“Vladimir Putin has built for the past 14 years his own system of political domination on this basis, and he is the key and indispensable element in this system. Vladimir Putin connects his perspectives only with the existence of this system and only as its head. Russia’s economic and political elite also does not want Putin’s retreat from power: in this case it may lose all the super profits and wealth accumulated with the help of corruption and at the expense of the rest of the population,” he noted.

According to YABLOKO leader, the fear of an Orange Revolution phantom has been the main driving force in the evolution of the regime since 2004, when the first such revolution occurred in Ukraine. It was followed by the Arab Spring, and now by a new revolution in Ukraine, which is much more radical. Mass rallies in Moscow in 2011-2012 showed that such scenarios are very real for Russia too.

“During all these ten years the Kremlin has been developing a programme of preventive measures that would preempt the regime change. This programme included, in the first place, toughening of reprisals against the opposition, draconian laws against the civil society, curbing of civil rights and freedoms, etc.,” Mitrokhin stressed.

He also added that “this policy came into conflict with the Western vector of development, which Russia, despite all its mistakes and jerks, maintained throughout 1990s. Hence, the regime made a sharp ideological turn towards the anti-Western vector and, respectively, confrontation with the West”.

Mitrokhin pointed out that in such conditions confrontation with the West and the outer world in general had to solve two domestic tasks: first, strengthen the support for that part of the Russian society, which was disappointed by pro-Western and highly inefficient reforms of 1990s; second, basing on the mass-scale patriotic hysteria caused by the confrontation with the “outer enemy” it would be much easier to suppress the pro-Western opposition, which, according to the Kremlin, generates the main threat of the Orange Revolution.

“Ukraine is a battlefield for Vladimir Putin where he wants to destroy not only the new Kyiv authorities, but also the West with its “undermining” Orange Revolution project.

He wants to demonstrate to the world who the real master of the post-Soviet space is, while creating an “imperial PR” for himself in Russia, an image of the “gatherer of the Russian lands”. He openly declares that under his leadership Russia will implement the imperial project of reunion of Russians throughout the whole of the former Soviet territory,” Mitrokhin added.

Summing up, Mitrokhin said that “the “imperial project” can not be long-term, as it is fraught with enormous risks. Putin’s system in general has a very small margin of stability, as it is based on extremely unfair distribution of property and national income. Economy is almost entirely dependent on global raw material prices. Now external challenges associated with illegitimacy of the border are added to these internal sources of instability”.

“Instead of solving its multiple problems, Russia will spend its oil revenues onto new territories, and without any pay-off: a corrupt state is unable to develop even its old lands, not to mention the new ones,” he concluded.

The congress adopted the World Today resolution which raising the most urgent issues debated in different regions of the world. As regards Russia, the Congress called the Russian authorities to ease pressure on civil activists and the opposition, stop reprisals, release YABLOKO activists Maxim Petlin and Evnegy Vitishko from prison, stop persecutions against activists Suren Gazaryan and Prof. Savva, The resolution also contains the demand to investigate murders of journalists, YABLOKO activists and human rights defenders: YABLOKO activists and journalists Larissa Yudina, Yuri Schekochikhin, Farid Babayev, journalist Anna Politkovskaya and human rights activist Natalia Estemirova.

Liberal International congresses represent an opportunity of exchange of opinion and informal contacts with YABLOKO’s sister parties and many of such parties are ruling parties in their countries. During the congress Sergei Mitrokhin had a meeting with Ahmed Aboutaleb, Mayor of Rotterdam. The two politicians exchanged their opinions on the situation with local self-governing in the Netherlands and Russia.

Also Sergei Mitrokhin discussed the situation in Ukraine with Prime Minister of the Netherlands Mark Rutte.

The YABLOKO party is member of the key international political liberal organisations and participates in the development of common liberal position on the most important issues of the international policies and facilitates dissemination of objective information on Russia. Since 1998 YABLOKO has been member of Liberal International, the world organisation of liberal parties.