Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Sergei Mitrokhin: The Impotence of the West

Sergei Mitrokhin’s blog at the Ekho Moskvi web-site, 15.02.2014

A sluggish and delayed reaction of the IOC to the sentence to environmentalist Evnegy Vitishko [envisaging three years of imprisonment for him for his criticism of Governor’s seizure of public lands] represents another example of vain hopes of international interference in the issue of protection of human rights.

Despite universal public attention to what has been happening in the Krasnodar region, the IOC responded the next day after the sentence of three years of imprisonment for Vitishko came into force: two months (!) after it was imposed. Also the IOC expressed its opinion in a very soft and formal way, and requested only the case file.

But what one can expect from the IOC as such? Complete and final multipolarity reigns there, and it is tolerant to anyone even to dictators-cannibals. The responsibility lies with the Western countries – members of the IOC. Are they ready to sell their principles for the sake of the “beauty of the sport”?

The EU Representation in Moscow has expressed its “concern”. All this softness and circularity represents the Western style of communicating with our government.

They pretended in the West that they were unaware how much property titles of residents of the Krasnodar region (where Sochi is situated) were curbed, so that their property could be expropriated as soon as possible for bulldosing of the lands [from private houses] for construction of Olympic facilities. Now they are blind to the reprisals of civil society activists in the Krasnodar region hosting the Olympics.

I personally handed a petition on these activists to Angela Merkel and Guido Westerwelle past autumn, but what was the result? It was clear that for them [Angela Merkel and Guido Westerwelle] gas was all, and [civil activists] Suren Gazaryan [who had to emigrate] and Evgeny Vitishko [imprisoned for three years] were just nothing.

All they managed was to cut Mikhail Khodorkovsky’s imprisonment by six months only, but presented it as a huge diplomatic victory.

It happens so that some opposition figures like to apply to the West with their aspirations and hopes. They visit Western countries so that to complain to Western politicians of the Russian regime, visit embassies and handing in their complaints there, publish different appeals to foreign politicians, and accuse all those who do not do such things in a lack of an opposition spirit and even corruption. And some of them even regard such activities as their primary political vocation.

The Dust of the Magnitsky List

The situation with the much talked-of Magnitsky List developed likewise. There were so many hopes and calls that for a time being formed the main topics for the oppositional media. YABLOKO did not join the general choir of the afflicted, we treated this campaign in a cool way realising its deliberate meaninglessness.

And we turned out to be right about it. The U.S. adopted a list of 18 Russian officials of the second or even third rank who had to be denied entry to the USA. And has Vladimir Putin’s regime become more democratic after this? Have there emerged more freedom and liberties?

The List even failed to disturb anyone [in the state power bodies].

Maybe it has resulted in a split of the elites in the [Putin’s] ‘vertical of power’?

Many people vested hopes into this, supporting the fashionable Western theory that a split in the elites could lead to a revolution. How naïve these people were! Western analysts do not realize that in Russia a stronger part of the elite, which has the real power, learned to devour or subjugate any of its “split” fragments.

In adopting the Magnitsky Act the most moderate option was chosen: no one from Vladimir Putin’s close circle got into the list. The U.S. Congress decided to publish such a castrated list so that not to complicate the relations with Russia, as the latter plays a prominent role in Washington’s plans.

This is the so-called Realpolitik. The brutal term is hiding fear before brutal regimes, as well as the desire to grovel before them.

Observe Your Own Values!

However, the thesis that the West will not help us does not mean that we do not need it at all. We do not need his infinite impotence in protecting its own values. We do not need the recognition of the rights of other states to sneer – if this is done within their borders – at human rights.

We need a strong West, which would be able to speak with any sovereign dictator in a language of Western values, rather than those of the dictator.

If someone declares some values but does not protect them out of fear, then such a person does not differ from those violating these values. Such a person is even worse than the latter, because he helps to trample the values, justifying the act of trampling on behalf of the values.

Western leaders bear even a greater responsibility for the violation of civil rights in Russia than Vladimir Putin. For him these rights are nothing, and for them they are an icon. One praying for an icon and patiently wiping the coming spits has even more disgrace than the one spitting on the icon.

I think that the Russian opposition and human rights defenders should stop groveling before Western governments begging them to express a hard-line reaction to the arbitrary rule in Russia.

First published at Sergei Mitrokhin’s blog at the Ekho Moskvi web-site