Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Sergei Mitrokhin in the State Duma: Gazprom must share its earnings with pensioners

Press Release, November 19, 2013

Today the State Duma is considering a package of bills on the pension reform. YABLOKO leader Sergei Mitrokhin has just made a speech in the State Duma.

The pension reform proposed by the government does not improve the welfare of Russia’s pensioners and even violate their civil rights.

1. In 2012, Vladimir Putin ordered to the government to organise a broad discussion of the strategy for development of the pension system until 2030. Today, according to exit polls, 40 per cent of Russia’s citizens are completely unaware of the reform.

2. There are such unsolved problems in the Russian economy that hinder the development of an efficient and fair pension system. Such problems are as follows: low efficiency of labour, a large shadow sector and considerable hidden unemployment. Any changes of the pension formula will not bring any effect without solution of these problems. The project ‘how best to divide’ is not accompanied by the project ‘how to earn more’.

Here come the key points of Sergei Mitrokhin’s speech in detail:

The proposed reform will lead to the situation when the level of pensions will be the same as that obtained under the present conditions and not envisaging any cardinal changes of the pension system: the average pension in 2030 is expected to total about RUR 33,000 (approx Euro 750). The income gap between the pensioners and the working population will increase. By 2025, when the number of retirees grows up to 45 – 47 million people, the replacement rate will decrease from 34.5 per cent in 2012 to 25 per cent in 2025.

3. The proposed reform will lead to a significant reduction of recipients of non-contributory pensions, as those having under 15 years of work experience and less than 30 points will not get it.

4. Getting higher pensions provided later retirement is introduced, will not help improve pensioners’ welfare, as a five years higher retirement age will pay out only after a ten year period.

5. The task of reduction of dependence of the pension system on transfers from the federal budget is not solved in the proposed draft. The new pension formula will require an increase of these transfers by about 2.5 times by 2030.

6. The complexity of the new pension formula will inevitably lead to the emergence of serious conflicts in every day life. The pension formula should be simple and easy to understand even for non-competent worker. People need to understand what a year of work will bring to the amount of pension.

7. The government’s plan virtually proposes a confiscatory approach to the workers who believed to the state and who have made some retirement savings, as individual coefficients reduced by 25 per cent will be applied to such people.

Confiscation of savings and replacing them with ‘scores’ resembles early 1990s: confiscation of savings and replacing them with vouchers.

Any confiscation undermines trust. In this case, we will face further retreat of the labour market into the shadow economy.

8. All this is aggravated by a gap between the two pension systems, as civil servants’ pensions will be tied to their salaries and pensions of all other citizens to some strange ‘points’.

In view of this we propose to do the following:

1) reject the draft and continue its public discussion,

2) the reform should target at paying pensioners from 40 to 60 per cent of their earnings in line with international norms, but not 25 per cent as envisaged by the government’s draft. These parameters should be bound to the pension formula.

3) eliminate the gap between the pension schemes for civil servants and for all other workers.

4) undertake steps so that to ensure that the Pension Fund would become the largest shareholder in the Russian raw materials companies (Gazprom, Transneft, etc.) and would receive dividends from these companies. Moreover these companies should be made transparent and accountable to citizens.

This goal can be achieved only in an effectively functioning economy and modern political system. This means that the economy should get real property rights, competition and domestic demand, which YABLOKO proposes to expand via its programme Houses-Land-Roads. A modern state means an independent judiciary and division of powers.

However, the government can not and does not want to do anything of this. In such circumstances, there are no real solutions of the pension problem, as well as other key Russia’s problems.