Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Sergei Ivanenko: Corruption will eat up any investment projects

Commentary, 07.11.2013

pic_1358904133Sergei Ivanenko, famous economist and member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee comments on the government’s plan to fully spend the National Welfare Fund (NWF).

YABLOKO proposed to establish a reserve fund in early 2000s. Then the government supported the idea, but as usual gave it for their own. The idea was that huge oil and gas revenues our country began to get at that time should not be “eaten up” completely, but only a half or two thirds of the amount should be spent.

Today’s oil prices have remained on a very high level – USD 100-120 per barrel, sometimes they even rose to USD 150. A mechanism was developed that an amount, say, exceeding USD 80 per barrel had to be allotted to the reserve fund via export duties and other taxes, and the reserve fund virtually froze these funds and kept them on the Central Bank accounts. The money was kept in first-class assets – in American and European banks and bonds of large companies. This led to the situation that in 2000s we turned into one of the world’s leaders in foreign currency reserves that amounted to USD 500-600 billion.

In early 2000s the position, including that of Vladimir Putin, was as follows: we should not “eat up” this money, as one can never know what may happen. The crisis of 2008-2009 demonstrated that this point of view was justified. And these means were really used for “plugging the holes”.

Today, people supporting another point of view which can be reduced to the following: money should not be saved, it must be spent, came to the leadership of the Russian government’s economic bloc. And [according to them] the money should be spent on public investment.

As there is a point of view that public investment, as opposed to private, is able to improve the economy as a whole. And the production system should be encouraged by strong public investment, especially in infrastructure projects – roads, energy, global communications system and so on. This is done, for example, in China and Japan. This point of view certainly has a right to exist, it represents the ideology of the state capitalism which has a lot of supporters.

And the [Russian] Reserve Fund has been already divided into a proper Reserve Fund and the National Welfare Fund (NWF). As it was reported, the NWF was primarily intended for covering of the Pension Fund deficit.

In general the Pension Fund must be financed from insurance deductions from wages. However, these funds are not sufficient and the Pension Fund annually completes its work with a very large deficit, which is replenished from the state budget. So it was decided to allocate a special source from which the money will be used for pensions. Maybe this is a forced measure, however, it should have time frames, because anyway a sound pension reform must be developed and implemented.

However, today it is proposed to use the NWF on almost anything. Vladimir Putin has already promised that the money from the Fund will be allocated to three large projects – the reconstruction of the Tran-Siberian Railway, Trans-Baikal-Amur Mainline and construction of the Central Ring Road in the Moscow Region. And these promises, apparently, have been already laid in the NWF budget.

The fact that they begin spending the money from the state reserve, which was kept for over ten years as an important resource ensuring Russia’s solvency, on the goals that must be virtually financed from the state budget, are short-term and are not connected with the targets of maintaining stability of the whole economic system.

It is obvious to everyone, that Russia’s economy is stagnating and there are no good prospects in sight. However, an attempt to stimulate economic growth with the methods of state capitalism is, in my opinion, inefficient in modern Russia.

We should not look at China, Japan and other countries that have been successfully implementing similar large-scale public investment projects. The specifics of modern Russia is that any public money is simply stolen, the level of corruption exceeds by several-fold the level of corruption that always exists in such economies.

According to the Russian experience, the level of corruptive “cuts” in the construction of roads, exceeds 50 per cent of the contract price. This leads to such a situation as the construction of a road in Skolkovo, where huge money was spent, and the cost of the road was, according to some estimates, up to USD one billion per kilometer. And two years later, the road got out of order and required repairs.

There are so many doubts that public investment will be able to give the required efficiency. Some experts believed that when the Moscow Ring Road was built which was more than ten years ago, the price of a square meter of the road was comparable to the price of one square meter of housing, which was USD 200. Such “golden roads” lead to very serious consequences in the economy.

So I would not hurry to spend the Reserve Fund.

We must remember that the Reserve Fund has played a large role, as the crisis of 2008-2009 passed without catastrophic effects [on Russia], because most of foreign currency reserves was simply spent on supporting financial institutions and large companies. Clearly, this was first of all help to the oligarchs, but as a result the economy did not collapse.

Russia is not immune from the global crises, our economy is peripheral, depending on raw materials, and it also depends on what is happening in the world. We are a country which only supplies raw materials for the world economy.

We need to carry out reforms targeted at combating our giant corruption. Corruption will eat up any investment projects, no matter how beautifully the government would justify their need.