Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

“Russia is on the threshold of new Cold War and with the same outcome”


Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Antonida Pashinina, Rosbalt, 26.03.2014 

 Head of YABLOKO’s faction in St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky gives his view on how soon the new sanctions against Russia can be introduced and who may suffer in the first place. 

 – The information on blocking of Visa and MasterCard for the customers of Bank Rossiya and a number of other banks has disturbed the society. There have emerged speculations on creating Russia’s own international banking system. How seriously may such sanctions affect average Russian citizens? 

– These sanctions are of personal nature and their goal is to complicate living for certain people, and their names have been announced. Initially seven banks and their clients were affected by these sanctions. They cannot use banking cards for shopping. Those who are abroad have been affected most of all. But the problem can be solved by transferring money to other banks. In general this does not influence average Russia’s citizens except that some people have faced temporary problems. Certainly, Russia’s payment system can be created but in the present conditions it will work only in Russia.

– The USA announced the possibility of introducing severer sanctions if Russia’s government continues to follow the selected course. What possible sanctions can Russia face? 

– If we consider possible sanctions as a broad problem then we can see that it consists of several parts. First of all, it’s the energy sector, as seventy percent of Russia’s export and correspondingly most of the incomes come from the exports of oil, gas and other raw material. If, for example, the USA refuses to buy Russia’s oil, this will be an insignificant loss for them, since Russia’s oil constitutes only five percent of in the total US consumption. However, for the EU abolishing of Russia’s oil will be tangible.

– How much tangible? 

– It depends on the country. For example, gas constitutes 22 percent in Germany’s consumption and 35 percent of the consumed gas comes from Russia. For them abolishing Russia’s oil would be certainly not fatal, but quite noticeable.

– Mass media report that the EU has been preparing for abolishing Russia’s oil and gas deliveries. 

 – I don’t think it will happen in the near perspective as it will be too hard for Europe. But if Europe and the USA manage to develop a strategic programme on substitution for Russia’s energy deliveries, then they would be able to cut energy costs dramatically. This would become a serious problem for Russia. Actually it would be a recurrence of the situation of the 1980s when Ronald Reagan reduced oil prices record low due to cooperation with the OPEC. This led to the drop USSR’s budget revenues from the oil exports and we know what happened later. Speaking about gas, the EU can gradually transfer to the use of shale and liquefied gas. Certainly, implementation of these projects will take years. But if they are brought into life, this would be a serious blow to Russia’s economy.

– If the prognosis for our economy is unfavourable, then what will be the situation with the goods Russia produces and sells abroad? 

 – Abolishing of deliveries of manufactured goods, will not seriously affect Russia’s economy, as Russia sells very few goods. Europe buys only 10 percent of goods made in Russia, including foodstuffs, chemicals and machinery. This is approximately 3 – 4 times less than the deliveries from the US.

-Would sanctions seriously affect the science and technology sector? 

 – Yes, this may affect everything connected with modern high technologies and the access to production of these or that modern goods. It’s the basis of development. In the long run the sanctions will be really tangible in this sector.\

– What are the financial prospects of the country? 

 – The leading world rating agencies have lowered Russia’s sovereign rating form “stable” to “negative” due to the geopolitical uncertainty. This means that borrowings will get more expensive and the access to credits at export markets will be hampered; whereas the volumes of loans of state-owned companies are large. Then there will be abrupt growth of the cost of borrowings. This is tangible at our demand in credits and large volumes of borrowings. In the middle of 2013 the debt in Russia’s non-financial sector amounted to 417 billion dollars, and the banks’ debt was evaluated at 211 billion dollars and banks’ debts were growing throughout the year. Now the Ministry of Finance will face difficulties: due to the sanctions the cost of Russia’s securities will fall, but their yield will grow. All these factors will finally lead to a recession.

Unstable economic situation leads to curbing of investment and withdrawal of capital. Last year 62.7 billion dollars flew our of the country. And the forecast for the first quarter of this year is already 60 billion dollars. Such a big volume of capital outflow can be explained by geopolitical instability. Money does not like wars and unstable situations.

– What, in your opinion, are the reasons behind the present situation? 

 The reasons lie in the false and non-efficient economic policy of the past ten years, in particular, in the refusal to develop domestic demand by means of mass-scale construction of housing and infrastructure development, the orientation towards maintenance of the resource-based economy of a “petrol state”. If the domestic demand had worked, the sanctions wouldn’t have been so serious for Russia.

Further, there is one more essential reason for the stop of the economic growth – the problems connected with the lack of absolute title, huge weakness of all the economic institutes from the judiciary to the fiscal procedures, corruption and extreme non-transparency of the economy.

Plus there are now the sanctions, plus Crimea which should be on the RF budget maintenance for a long time. All these things together will lead to the growth of living expenses, drop of real incomes due to the both price surge and lowering of growth rates of nominal incomes. And all this coupled with restrictions for mass media, different restrictive initiatives and the overall situation in the country would lead to reduction of the quality of life.

- Which layers of the population will be affected in the first place? 

 As for the cost of living, a many payers of population would suffer: those in the middle, those bellow the middle and the vulnerable layers. Average citizens have already felt the consequences of the economic stagnation. As you know a significant decline of the rouble/dollar rate have taken place recently. It lead to the growth of the cost of imported goods by 20 percent and the cost of the foodstuffs containing imported components grew by 15 percent. The most productive, creative class will suffer most from the deterioration of the quality of life and reduction of accessible opportunities, as the representatives of the creative class will face shrinking of their freedom of artistic expression and choice.

Actually, if abolishing of Russia’s energy deliveries would take place amid the “arms race”, it will be a recoil to the period of the end of the Cold War, the period when the difficulties leading the collapse of the Soviet Union began.

-  Can the “mechanism of collapse” be stopped at all? 

 – This will happen when Russia understands that the present anti-European, “quasi-Eurasian course” leads to a dead end. Russia can not turn into China, it can only be Europe. The reasons behind the situation around Ukraine and Crimea lie in Russia’s abolishing of the European way of development, the denial of equality of everyone before the law, independent judiciary and respect for private property, refusal of creation of tens of millions of true owners in the country. Only the European way of development can give Russia development prospects. But now the government has adopted the opposite course.

The original publication