Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Report by Grigory Yavlinsky

Forum 2000, Prague, September 16, 2013

9a08ef90-765b-4040-98a7-c0f15d1727cf_mw1024_n_sIt’s a great pleasure to be here and I’m very thankful for the invitation to see you and to speak to you. I would start with some quoting of Mikhail Gorbachev. He was asked once by Margaret Thatcher “What about transition in Russia?” And he responded that if “to say it in one word then it is good”, but if “to say it in many words – no good”. I think it is a detailed explanation of what has been going on, because there is a very big number of risks and it is absolutely not clear where the transition has been heading. It is the reality. But this reality is rooted as it was mentioned just now not only in historical roots in Russia, and historical cycles and different historical explanations, but from my point of view it is much more rooted in the way how the reforms were realized in Russia. And I want to present you my report specially prepared for this Forum covering some lessons of the Russian reform, because it was a large-scope reform, some lessons that must be very useful, from my point of view, for other reforms of a different kind almost in any country which we should examine in terms of risks of transition.

The first lesson is that the main goal of the reform should be not budget constrains or free prices and so on, but the main goal of the reform is changing the mentality of the society. This is the goal. Because you should influence this mentality in order to make so that the reforms are deep, irreversible and effective. But for that you need to use such instruments like incentives, values, motives and finally you should find the way to create institutions. But changing the mentality is the first goal. It is lesson number one.

Lesson number two. It is necessary to avoid by all means splitting of the society during the reforms. Reformers by nature must be integrators, rather than those who are setting division lines in the society, otherwise as you know the reforms will be reversible. No doubt about this, and it will be a revenge on behalf of the society. So, you must be an integrator.

The third lesson which we have suffered from our life is that there are no ready decisions how to implement the reforms – neither abroad, nor in our history, nowhere. It’s really necessary to create, develop and try to realize new

approaches because you can’t find ready models or recipes how to conduct the reforms. You can find some prepared recipes about the goals of the reform, but it is not possible to find the recipes how to conduct them.

The fourth lesson is, and it has been just asked in the questions, about the speed of implementation of the reform. Our lesson, our outcome shows that the speed is not important. What really matters is the deepness and irreversibility of the reform. The hysteria about the speed can’t be justified because as soon as you try to speed up the reforms, you will have a setback. So, it’s a different thing, as you must always keep in mind the criteria of a different type: how deep and how irreversible the reforms are.

The fifth lesson is very important and it tells us that reforms, real reforms, are not a military battle, they are more like peace negotiations with the society on the subject. If you are going to “attack” the society, you will never have the reforms that will be helpful for the country.

And the last but not least. A reform is kind of an art, and not everybody can do that. To be a reformer means to be an artist. That’s our conclusion. We have not had such kind of artists until today.

And here I come to the last question: what about the foreign aid and foreign support for the reform? Definitely there can be really a very important influence from abroad, but only in one way: as an example. Don’t interfere, simply show the example: that you know how to do this and that, that you are better, that you lie less, that you have less corruption, that you have more respect for the people, and that your people are more happy and that’s it. This is the main aid in the reform.

Thank you very much.