Congresses and Docs

Memorandum of Political Alternative, an updated version of 1.03.2019

Memorandum of Political Alternative

YABLOKO's Ten Key Programme Issues


YABLOKO's Political Platform Adopted by the 15th Congress, June 21, 2008

The 18th Congress of YABLOKO

RUSSIA DEMANDS CHANGES! Electoral Program for 2011 Parliamentary Elections.

Key resolutions by the Congress:

On Stalinism and Bolshevism
Resolution. December 21, 2009

On Anti-Ecological Policies of Russia’s Authorities. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 253, December 24, 2009

On the Situation in the Northern Caucasus. Resolution of the 15th congress of the YABLOKO party No 252, December 24, 2009


YABLOKO’s Political Committee: Russian state acts like an irresponsible business corporation conducting anti-environmental policies


Overcoming bolshevism and stalinism as a key factor for Russia¦µ™s transformation in the 21st century


On Russia's Foreign Policies. Political Committee of hte YABLOKO party. Statement, June 26, 2009


On Iran’s Nuclear Problem Resolution by the Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 6, 2009


Anti-Crisis Proposals (Housing-Roads-Land) of the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO. Handed to President Medvedev by Sergei Mitrokhin on June 11, 2009

Brief Outline of Sergei Mitrokhin’s Report at the State Council meeting. January 22, 2010


Assessment of Russia’s Present Political System and the Principles of Its Development. Brief note for the State Council meeting (January 22, 2010) by Dr.Grigory Yavlinsky, member of YABLOKO’s Political Committee. January 22, 2010


Address of the YABLOKO party to President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Political Committee of the YABLOKO party. October 9, 2009


The 17th Congress of YABLOKO




The 16th Congress of Yabloko

Photo by Sergei Loktionov

The 12th congress of Yabloko

The 11th congress of Yabloko

The 10th congress of Yabloko

Moscow Yabloko
Yabloko for Students
St. Petersburg Yabloko
Khabarovsk Yabloko
Irkutsk Yabloko
Kaliningrad Yabloko(eng)
Novosibirsk Yabloko
Rostov Yabloko
Yekaterinburg Yabloko
(Sverdlovsk Region)

Krasnoyarsk Yabloko
Ulyanovsk Yabloko
Tomsk Yabloko
Tver Yabloko(eng)
Penza Yabloko
Stavropol Yabloko

Action of Support





Programme by candidate for the post of Russian President Grigory Yavlinsky. Brief Overview

My Truth

Grigory Yavlinsky at Forum 2000, Prague, 2014

YABLOKO-ALDE conference 2014

Grigory Yavlinsky : “If you show the white feather, you will get fascism”

Grigory Yavlinsky: a coup is started by idealists and controlled by rascals

The Road to Good Governance

Risks of Transitions. The Russian Experience

Grigory Yavlinsky on the Russian coup of August 1991

A Male’s Face of Russia’s Politics

Black Sea Palaces of the New Russian Nomenklatura


The Hidden Cause of the Great Recession (And How to Avert the Nest One)

by Dr. Grigory Yavlinsky

On the results of the Conference “Migration: International Experience and Russia’s Problems” conducted by the Russian United Democratic Party YABLOKO and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (the ALDE party)

Moscow, April 6, 2013

International Conference "Youth under Threat of Extremism and Xenophobia. A Liberal Response"
conducted jointly by ELDR and YABLOKO. Moscow, April 21, 2012. Speeches, videos, presentations

What does the opposition want: to win or die heroically?
Moskovsky Komsomolets web-site, July 11, 2012. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Yulia Kalinina.

Building a Liberal Europe - the ALDE Project

By Sir Graham Watson

Lies and legitimacy
The founder of the Yabloko Party analyses the political situation. Article by Grigory Yavlinsky on radio Svoboda. April 6, 2011

Algorithms for Opposing Gender Discrimination: the International and the Russian Experience

YABLOKO and ELDR joint conference

Moscow, March 12, 2011

Reform or Revolution

by Vladimir Kara-Murza

Is Modernisation in Russia Possible? Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky and Boris Titov by Yury Pronko, "The Real Time" programme, Radio Finam, May 12, 2010

Grigory Yavlinsky's interview to Vladimir Pozner. The First Channel, programme "Pozner", April 20, 2010 (video and transcript)

Overcoming the Totalitarian Past: Foreign Experience and Russian Problems by Galina Mikhaleva. Research Centre for the East European Studies, Bremen, February 2010.

Grigory Yavlinsky: Vote for the people you know, people you can turn for help. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper, October 8, 2009

Grigory Yavlinsky: no discords in the tandem. Grigory Yavlinsky’s interview to the Radio Liberty
September 22, 2009

A Credit for Half a Century. Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Natalia Bekhtereva, Radio Russia, June 15, 2009

Sergei Mitrokhin's Speech at the meeting with US Preseident Barack Obama. Key Notes, Moscow, July 7, 2009

Mitrokhin proposed a visa-free regime between Russia and EU at the European liberal leaders meeting
June 18, 2009

by Grigory Yavlinsky

European Union chooses Grigory Yavlinsky!
Your vote counts!

Reforms that corrupted Russia
By Grigory Yavlinsky, Financial Times (UK), September 3, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky: "It is impossible to create a real opposition in Russia today."
Moskovsky Komsomolets, September 2, 2003

Alexei Arbatov: What Should We Do About Chechnya?
Interview with Alexei Arbatov by Mikhail Falaleev
Komsomolskaya Pravda, November 9, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: Our State Does Not Need People
Novaya Gazeta,
No. 54, July 29, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky: The Door to Europe is in Washington
Obschaya Gazeta, May 16, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's speech.
March 11, 2002

Grigory Yavlinsky's Lecture at the Nobel Institute
Oslo, May 30, 2000



Yabloko: Liberals in Russia

By Alexander Shishlov, July 6, 2009

Position on Some Important Strategic Issues of Russian-American Relations

Moscow, July 7, 2009

The Embrace of Stalinism

By Arseny Roginsky, 16 December 2008

Nuclear Umbrellas and the Need for Understanding: IC Interview With Ambassador Lukin
September 25, 1997

Would the West’s Billions Pay Off?
Los Angeles Times
By Grigory Yavlinsky and Graham Allison
June 3, 1991

Reprisals in Silence

Grigory Yavlinsky’s web-site, 30.10.2018

Once a year, on the eve of the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Reprisals, people [in Russia] come to the Solovetsky Stone [monument representing a stone brought from one of the GULAG labour camps] in Lubyanka Square [the office of the Federal Security Service, former NKVD-KGB] to remember the millions of people who perished in the years of the Bolshevik political terror, so that to return their names [reading out loud the names of the victims of the Stalin’s political regime]. It is very important. Because all this can happen again. And it is recurring.

In April 2015, Professor Yevgeny Vasiliyevich Afanasyev died in the penal colony of the city of Dimitrovgrad. Russian physicist, doctor of technical sciences was 62 years old. In the colony, Professor Afanasyev was serving a term on charges of treason. In 2012, the court sentenced him together with Svyatoslav Bobyshev, his colleague from the St. Petersburg Baltic Technological University, to 12 years of a strict regime for allegedly transferring secret information about the Bulava missile system to the Chinese. Seventy Russian scientists spoke out in defense of Afanasyev and Bobyshev. There is no doubt that dozens of Russian scientists understand what they are talking about, and they know what state secrets and national interests are, better than many officials in uniform or without, but the authorities cynically ignored their opinion. Three years later, Professor Afanasyev died of a heart attack, but did not admit his guilt. 65-year-old professor Svyatoslav Bobyshev is still serving the term in the penal colony.

According to official data and the report of the Judicial Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, in 2016-2017, 23 people were convicted of treason and espionage. Most of these cases were heard in closed court. And according to human rights activists, recently information about those accused of treason has not even been included in the database of courts. There have been no acquittals on these cases.

In the summer of 2018, there came news on detentions of several people on charges of treason:

Viktor Prozorov, 70 years old. There is no information about the identity of the arrested. In fact, there is a note “top secret” on the file. He is detained in the Lefortovo detention centre [in Moscow].

Andrei Zhukov, 39, captain of the reserve of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, fan of hystory, participant of the Internet forum on the history of the Russian army. He is detained in the Lefortovo detention centre.

Antonina Zimina, Director of the Baltic Centre for the Dialogue of Cultures in Kaliningrad. She is detained in the Lefortovo detention centre.

Alexei Timirev, 64, professor at the South Russian Polytechnic University in Novocherkassk. He is detained in the Lefortovo detention centre.

Victor Kudryavtsev, 74, physicist and employee of the Central Research Institute of Machinery. He is detained in the Lefortovo detention centre.

Past week hot water (in Moscow in the 21st century!) was piped to a few freshly renovated cells in Lefortovo. The number of lucky prisoners transferred to the “luxury” cells, and 74-year-old scientist Viktor Kudryavtsev got into the number of these lucky. At the same time, for over a month already Viktor Kudryavtsev can not get warm clothes which he could wear during his walks in the prison yard, and the consultation of a nephrologist, which has been appointed over a month ago, has not yet been allowed. There is another scientist, 70-year-old Viktor Prozorov, held in Lefortovo who answers the question about his health, “Still alive”.

Rare news about the condition of health of scientists suspected of espionage reaches us only thanks to the Public Monitoring Commission. The media virtually do not publicise this news, a few references sink somewhere in the deep waters of two or three news agencies. Also there is little known about the cases. From time to time scraps of information of what the accused in treason are charged with get into press through the lawyers of the detainees. The charges base, as a rule, on the contacts the detainees with Western scientists. All the detainees are in the Lefortovo detention facility supervised by the Federal Security Service (FSB). They are mandatory and routinely brought here [to this detention facility] from all over Russia – from St.Petersburg, Kaliningrad and Novocherkassk. Certainly, local authorities will receive thanks [for finding “spies”], but career encouragement in Moscow is several times higher: each new sentence means a new star on shoulder straps and new financial opportunities. It is simply impossible to believe in the validity of these cases. There is no longer has any confidence in the investigating authorities, courts, special services and everything that comes from the Russian authorities (see the article “Memoirs of the Future” of July 2018 about the recurrence of the Bolshevik reprisals and persecution of scientists of the 1930s) against the background of total state lies (lies about the wars in Ukraine and Syria, about various PMC groups in Libya and the Central African Republic, about the tricks of the Russia’s military intelligence agency – GRU – in different countries, the situation in the economy, the alleged guilt of [Ukrainian film producer] Oleg Sentsov [imprisoned in Russia for 20 years] and [imprisoned heads of the Chechen and the Karelian branches of the Memorial human rights society] Oyub Titiyev and Yuri Dmitriev and the defendants in the case The New Greatness [when young people were imprisoned for simply discussing politics]) acquiring new forms every day.

The attention of press to these cases is, as a rule, exclusively situational – from one court hearing to another court hearing. The court extended the period of detention – it is reported. The court refused to change the measure of restraint – they wrote about it. But weeks and months pass between the trials. And people of old age with aggravated diseases threatening their lives are kept in a remand prison. These people have no high-ranking patrons, no millions of roubles, no thousands of admirers and no spectacular international resonance, and their families and friends do not have the strength and ability to conduct public campaigns in their defence. As a result, these people are quietly dying away behind bars.

According to human rights activists, about a hundred people have been condemned for treason and espionage in Russia over the past twenty years. 278 people were sentenced for disclosing state secrets. Only one acquittal was made on these cases for twenty years.

Tomorrow any of us may find himself in the place of these people. The totalitarian repressive machine works like this: rooting fear and hate in people. Anyone can be made an executioner and anyone can be a victim in this system. We need to remember this and resist – write, talk and demand (see article “Oleg Sentsov Can Die Any Moment“).